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Métis French

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Title: Métis French  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Michif language, Canadian French, Métis people (Canada), Magoua dialect, Languages of Canada
Collection: Canadian French, Languages of Canada, Métis (Canada)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Métis French

Métis French
français métis
Native to Canada
Ethnicity Métis people
Native speakers
(this article does not contain any information regarding the number of speakers)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Glottolog None

Métis French (French: français métis), along with Michif and Bungi, is one of the traditional languages of the Métis people, and the French-dialect source of Michif.[1]


  • Michif 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes and references 3
    • Notes 3.1
    • References 3.2


They share a common phonology and morphosyntax for the noun phrase but differ as to their sources for the verb phrase which is Ojibwe-Cree based in Michif, French-based in Métis French. Like Michif, Métis French is spoken in Manitoba and North Dakota and adjacent provinces or states. As a general rule, Métis individuals speak one or the other, rarely both.

Métis French is a variety of Canadian French.

See also

Notes and references


  1. ^ Bakker. (1997: 85).


  • Bakker, Peter. A language of our own: the genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French language.
  • Douaud, Patrick C. 1980. "Métis: A case of triadic linguistic economy." Anthropological Linguistics 22.392–414.
  • –––. 1983. "An example of suprasegmental convergence." International Journal of American Linguistics 49.91–93.
  • –––. 1985. Ethnolinguistic profile of the Canadian Métis. Ottawa: National Museum of Man, Mercury Series 99. (French)
  • Edwards, John R. Language in Canada.
  • Jackson, Michael. 1974. "Aperçu de tendances phonétiques du parler français en Saskatchewan." Revue canadienne de linguistique 19.121–33. (French)
  • Lincoln, Neville J. Phonology of the Métis French dialect of St. Paul, Alberta. University of Alberta in Edmonton Thesis.
  • Lussier, Antoine S. 1980. "Un métis écrit une lettre." The other natives: Les Métis, ed. A. Lussier & B. Sealy, 3.167–70. Winnipeg: Manitoba Métis Federation Press. (French)
  • Papen, Robert. 1979. "Le parler français des métis de Batoche." Département de linguistique, Université du Québec à Montréal. (French)
  • –––. 1984. "Quelques remarques sur un parler français méconnu de l'Ouest canadien: le métis." Revue québécoise de linguistique (Université du Québec à Montréal) 14:1.113–139. (French)
  • –––. 1993. "La variation dialectale dans le parler français des Métis de l'Ouest canadien." Francophonies des Amériques 3.25–38. (French)
  • –––. 1998. "Le parler français des Métis de l’Ouest canadien." Frangais d'Amirique: Variation, criolisation, normalisation, ed. P. Brasseur, 147–161. Avignon: CECAV. (French)
  • –––. 1998. "French: Canadian varieties." Language in Canada, ed. J. Edwards, 160–176. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (French)
  • –––. 2004. "Sur quelques aspects structuraux du français des Métis de l’Ouest canadien." Variation et francophonie, ed. A. Coveney & C. Sanders. Paris: L’Harmattan. (French)
  • –––. 2004. "Les troub’ : une analyse linguistique d’un texte oral en français des Métis." Cahiers franco-canadiens de l’Ouest, Numéro spécial sur les Métis, vol. 14. (French)
  • Préfontaine, R. 1980. "Le parler métis." The other natives: Les Métis, ed. A. Lussier & B. Sealy, 3.162–66. Winnipeg: Manitoba Métis Federation Press. (French)
  • Thogmartin, Clyde. 1974. "The phonology of three varieties of French in Manitoba." Orbis 23.335–49.
  • Wittmann, Henri. 1995. "Grammaire comparée des variétés coloniales du français populaire de Paris du 17e siècle et origines du français québécois." Le français des Amériques, ed. Robert Fournier & Henri Wittmann, 281–334. Trois-Rivières: Presses universitaires de Trois-Rivières. (French)

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