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Mll2

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Mll2

Lysine (K)-specific methyltransferase 2D
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe, RCSB
Identifiers
Symbols  ; AAD10; ALR; CAGL114; KABUK1; KMS; MLL2; MLL4; TNRC21
External IDs IUPHAR: GeneCards:
EC number
RNA expression pattern
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)
RefSeq (protein)
Location (UCSC)
PubMed search

Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D) previously known as myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia protein 2 (MLL2) is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the KMT2D gene.[1][2] The gene is located on chromosome 12.This is a Trithorax-group protein.

Contents

  • Nomenclature 1
  • Clinical significance 2
  • References 3
  • Further reading 4
  • External links 5

Nomenclature

This gene is also generally known as MLL4 in the literature. This nomenclature has caused much confusion in the data bases. Originally MLL2 was used to describe the sister gene of MLL1, which is also a trithorax-group histone methyltransferase.

The MLL1 gene was originally named MLL after myeloid/lymphoid or mixed-lineage leukemia cases. Its closest homologue is a very similar gene (not the gene described here), which is also called MLL2, but sometimes unfortunately called MLL4. The gene described here as MLL2 should properly be called MLL4 because along with its closely related homologue MLL3, it is closely related to a different Drosophila homologue of trithorax. The material included below refers to the trithorax group protein that is associated with MLL3 and a protein complex, not containing menin but including PTIP. It is listed as MLL2 but it should properly be called MLL4. It is now understood that its effect in lymphomagenesis is via the disruption of chromatin regulation.[3]

Clinical significance

Two thirds of a sample of 53 cases of Kabuki Syndrome have a loss-of-function mutation in the KMT2D gene.[4]

Mutations of this gene are also associated with medulloblastoma [5] and pheochromocytoma.[6]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
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  5. ^
  6. ^

Further reading

External links

  • GeneReviews/NCBI/NIH/UW entry on Kabuki syndrome, Kabuki Make-Up Syndrome, Niikawa-Kuroki Syndrome
  • MLL2 protein, human at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings (MeSH)

This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.


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