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Macedonian Canadians

 

Macedonian Canadians

Macedonian Canadians
Македонци во Канада

Total population
36,985
(by ancestry, 2011 Census)
Regions with significant populations
Toronto, Ottawa, Montreal, Vancouver
Languages
Macedonian, Canadian English
Religion
Eastern Orthodox Church
Related ethnic groups
Macedonians, Macedonian Americans, Bulgarian Canadians[1]

A Macedonian Canadian (Macedonian: Македонски Канаѓани) is a Canadian citizen of Macedonian descent or a Macedonia-born person who resides in Canada. According to the 2011 Census there were 36,985 Canadians who claimed full or partial Macedonian ancestry.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Aegean Macedonians 1.1
  • Settlement patterns 2
  • Organizations 3
  • Religion 4
  • Notable Macedonian Canadians 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

History

Many Macedonians emigrated to Canada as "pečalbari" (seasonal workers) in the mid 19th and early 20th century.[2] Thousands of Macedonians emigrated to Canada after the failure of the Krystallopigi), Gabresh (Gavros), Banitsa (Vevi), Buf (Akritas) and Tarsie (Trivuno), all villages in Aegean Macedonia.[5][6] An Internal Census counted 1910 Macedonians in Toronto, who were principally from Florina (Lerin) and Kastoria (Kostur) in Aegean Macedonia.[3] In 1910 they established Sts. Cyril and Methody Macedono-Bulgarian Orthodox Church in Toronto[7] and that church published The First Bulgarian-English Pocket Dictionary in 1913.[8] By 1940 there were claims that over 1200 Macedonian families were in Canada. Post World War II and Greek Civil War migration cause the numbers of Macedonians in Canada to swell. Many early Macedonian immigrants found industrial work in Toronto, either as factory hands or labourers in abattoirs, or in iron and steel foundries. Many ended up running and owning restaurants, butchers and groceries. Macedonian entrepreneurs and their descendants eventually employed their numerical strength within the food service industry as a catapult into a variety of larger and more sophisticated ventures.[9] Today, most Macedonian Canadians have moved out of cities and into the suburbs, and are employed in the professional, clerical, and service sector of the economy. The 2001 census recorded 31,265 Macedonians,[9] while the 2006 census recorded 37,705 people of Macedonian Ancestry. Although Community Spokesperson's claim they number over 100,000. The "Institute for Macedonian's Abroad" claims that there are 120,000 Macedonians in Canada.[10] The Macedonian Government estimates that there are 150,000 Macedonians in Canada.

In the first half of the 20th century, most of the Macedonians were largely classified as Bulgarians.[14]

Aegean Macedonians

Many thousands of Toronto, Melbourne, Perth, the Republic of Macedonia, Slovakia, Czech Republic and Poland.[15]

Settlement patterns

Prime Minister of Canada UMO President Dragi Stojkovski, 2009 [16]

Many Macedonians originally settled in industrial areas. Most Macedonians came to Canada via the process of Chain Migration.

Organizations

Many Macedonian Organizations have been set up by the Macedonians in Canada. Village associations from villages such as Banitsa, Osčima, Bouf and Želevo have been set up. A Macedonian Boys club was founded in Toronto in 1915. Community picnics were also very common amongst Macedonian emigrants. Macedonian basketball and hockey team were founded. Fundraisers for assistance for the

Religion

Originally Macedonian churches were established under the Macedonian Orthodox Church. They were St Clement of Ohrid, St Demetrius of Salonica, St Ilija, St Nedela and St Naum of Ohrid. The Only Macedonian Cathedral is also the largest Macedonian church community in Canada is St Clement of Ohrid in Toronto.[17]

Notable Macedonian Canadians

Business
Sports
Politics
Academia
Television and Entertainment
Arts
  • Virginia Evans - Artistic Director of the Macedonian Film Festival, Toronto, Ontario.[19]
  • John Evans - Actor, Producer, Toronto, Ontario.[20]
Art
Music

See also

References

  1. ^ Macedonian immigrants have also been subsumed under the heading of Bulgarian immigrants, especially as regards the first wave, because in that period the history and population of the two countries was not as distinct as it is today. Until World War II, most people who today identify themselves as Macedonian Canadians claimed a Bulgarian ethnic identity and were recorded as part of the Bulgarian ethnic group (Magocsi, p. 287). Hence the Bulgarian community in Canada is deeply linked to the Macedonian Canadians. The Bulgarian Diaspora in Canada: Stories of Immigration, Glavanakova, Alexandra; Andreev, Andrey, 2010, CEACS, Brno, Czech Republic; Migrating Memories: Central Europe in Canada, Volume 2 - Oral Histories. (ed.) Rodica Albu, 2010; ISBN 978-86-7746-255-0.
  2. ^
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ Nasevski, Boško; Angelova, Dora. Gerovska, Dragica (1995). Македонски Иселенички Алманах '95. Skopje: Матица на Иселениците на Македонија, 48,49
  11. ^ South Slavic immigration in America, Twayne Publishers. A division of G. K. Hall & Co., Boston, George Prpic, John Carroll University, 1976, Chapter 18, The Bulgarians and Macedonians. p. 212 ..."The smallest of the South Slavic ethnic groups in America are the Bulgarians. One branch of them are the Macedonians."...
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^ Human Rights Violations Against Ethnic Macedonians-Report 1996, Macedonian Human Rights Movement of Canada, Toronto, 1996; p.111-112
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ - Net PressМакедонец во Канада меѓу 50-те највлијателни луѓе во Торонто
  19. ^ [1]
  20. ^ [2] [3]
  21. ^
  22. ^ Interview mit Donna Grantis

External links

  • Macedonian Community of Toronto Blog
  • Macedonia Canadian Newspaper
  • Headquarters of the Macedonian Community in Canada
  • United Macedonians of Canada
  • Macedonian Human Rights Movement
  • Canadian Macedonian Historical Society
  • United Macedonian Diaspora
  • Macedonian Embassy in Canada
  • St Clement of Ohrid, Toronto
  • Macedonian Centre for Culture and Social Integration
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