World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Macintosh 512K

Article Id: WHEBN0000548127
Reproduction Date:

Title: Macintosh 512K  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Macintosh 128K, Macintosh Plus, Macintosh XL, Compact Macintosh, Macintosh 512Ke
Collection: 68K MacIntosh Computers, Compact MacIntosh, MacIntosh (Original) Series, Products Introduced in 1984
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Macintosh 512K

Macintosh 512K
Release date September 10, 1984
Introductory price US$ 2795
Discontinued April 14, 1986
Operating system 1.0, 1.1, 2.0, 2.1, 3.0, 3.2,[1] 3.3, 3.4, 4.0, 4.1
CPU Motorola 68000 @ 7.8338 MHz (Effectively 6MHz)
Memory 512 kB (built-in)
Mac 512K back panel

The Macintosh 512K Personal Computer is the second of a long line of Apple Macintosh computers, and was the first update to the original Macintosh 128K. It was virtually identical to the previous Mac, differing primarily in the amount of built-in memory (RAM).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Features 2
    • Processor and memory 2.1
    • Software 2.2
    • New Uses 2.3
    • System software 2.4
  • Upgrades 3
  • Timeline of compact Macintosh models 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

Soon after Apple introduced the Macintosh 128K they realized that the Macintosh would need more internal memory. Eight months later on September 10, 1984 Apple introduced the Macintosh 512K. With quadrupled RAM, the Macintosh was able to become a more business capable computer along with having the ability to run more software. The Mac 512K originally shipped with Macintosh System 1.1 but was able to run Macintosh System 1.0 all the way up to System 4.1. When the Macintosh Plus was introduced in 1986, the Macintosh 512K was discontinued on April 14, 1986. All support for the Mac 512K was discontinued on September 1, 1998.

Features

Processor and memory

Like the 128K Macintosh before it, the 512K contained a Motorola 68000 connected to a 512 kB DRAM by a 16-bit data bus. Though the memory had been quadrupled, it could not be upgraded. This large increase earned it the nickname Fat Mac. A 64 kB ROM chip boosts the effective memory to 576 kB, but this is offset by the display's 22 kB framebuffer, which is shared with the DMA video controller. This shared arrangement reduces CPU performance by up to 35%. It shared a revised logic board with the re-badged Macintosh 128K (previously just called the Macintosh), which streamlined manufacturing. The resolution of the display was the same, at 512x342.

Software

The applications MacPaint and MacWrite were still bundled with the Mac. Soon after this model was released, several other applications became available, including MacDraw, MacProject, Macintosh Pascal and others. In particular, Microsoft Excel, which was written specifically for the Macintosh, required a minimum of 512 kB of RAM, but solidified the Macintosh as a serious business computer. Models with the enhanced ROM also supported Apple's Switcher, allowing cooperative multitasking among (necessarily few) applications.

New Uses

The LaserWriter printer became available shortly after the 512K's introduction, as well as the number pad, mic, tablet, keyboard, mouse, basic mouse, and much more. It utilized Apple's built-in networking scheme LocalTalk which allows sharing of devices among several users. The 512K was the first Macintosh capable of supporting Apple's AppleShare built-in file sharing network, when introduced in 1987. The expanded memory in the 512K allowed it to better handle large word-processing documents and take better use of the graphical user interface and generally increased speed over the 128K model.

System software

The original 512K could accept Macintosh system software up to version 4.1; System Software 5 was possible if used with the Hard Disk 20; With the OEM 800 kB Drive and ROM upgrade kit a 512Ke could accept up to System 6.0.8.

Upgrades

Mac 512K with accessories

An updated version replaced the Mac 512K and debuted as the Macintosh 512K enhanced in April 1986. It differed from the original 512K in that it had an 800 kB floppy disk drive[2] and the same improved ROM as the Macintosh Plus. With the exception of the new model number (M0001E), they were otherwise cosmetically identical. The stock 512K could also use an 800 kB floppy disk drive as well as the Hard Disk 20, the first hard disk manufactured by Apple exclusively for use with the 512K, but required a special system file (not required by the 512Ke) that loaded the improved ROM code into RAM, thus reducing the available RAM for other uses. Apple offered an upgrade kit which replaced the floppy disk drive and ROMs essentially turning it into a 512Ke. One further OEM upgrade replaced the logicboard and the rear case entirely with that of the Macintosh Plus.[3]

As with the original Macintosh, the 512K was designed with no slots for upgrade boards, so the few internal upgrades that were available for the 512K had to plug directly into the 68000 processor socket. These included "snap-on" SCSI cards, internal hard drives (such as the 10 MB General Computer hard disk, priced at US$2,195), and RAM upgrades of as much as 2 MB or more.

Timeline of compact Macintosh models

See also

References

  1. ^ System Software: Configs for Mac 128K, XL, 512, & 512KE (7/94)
  2. ^ Apple Inc. (August 22, 1991). "Double-Density Versus High-Density Disks". Article ID: 3802. Apple Inc. Retrieved June 28, 2008.  "This article gives the specifications for the 800K floppy disks and the 1.44 MB floppy disks." 800K Disk has 1600 sectors and 1.44 MB Disk has 2880 sectors. A sector is 512 bytes.
  3. ^ Macintosh Plus: Description (Discontinued) The Macintosh Plus Logic Board Kit
http://support.apple.com/kb/SP187

External links

  • Macintosh 512K technical specifications at apple.com
  • Inside the Macintosh 512K
Preceded by
Macintosh 128K
Macintosh 512K
September 10, 1984
Succeeded by
Macintosh 512Ke
Macintosh Plus
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.