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Madras Engineer Group

Madras Engineer Group
Active 1780–present
Country  India
Branch  Indian Army
Type Combat Engineers
Role Combat support
Garrison/HQ Bengaluru
Motto Sarvatra! (Everywhere)
Engagements Second Anglo-Afghan War
First World War
Second World War
Burma Campaign
Sino-Indian War
Indo-Pak War-1947
Indo-Pak War-1965
Indo-Pak War-1971
Kargil War
Battle honours See Battle honours list

Madras Engineer Group (MEG), informally known as the Madras Sappers, is an engineer group of the Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army. The Madras Sappers draw their origin from the erstwhile Madras Presidency army of the British Raj. This regiment has its HQ in Bengaluru. The Madras Sappers are the oldest of the three groups of the Corps of Engineers.

The Madras Sappers were the only regiment of the


External links

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See also

The battle symbols of MEG are, a sphinx to commemorate the victory in Egypt in 1801, an elephant for the victory in Assaye in 1803, a dragon for China(1848), a bighorn sheep for Zoji La (1948), and a tank for Basantar (1971).


Post Independence

World War II

World War I

Pre-World War I

Battle honours


The motto of the Madras Sappers is that common to all three regiments of the Corps of Engineers, Sarvatra (Sanskrit:Everywhere) the Indian equivalent to 'ubique', the motto of the Royal Engineers.

The Madras Sappers moved into Bengaluru in 1834, when they were involved in a major part of the construction activities of the Civilian and Military buildings in Bengaluru. Their association with Bengaluru, where the Centre is located, continues to this day.

The Madras Sappers recruited and trained small tough and wiry men from South India. These engineer troops fought in numerous campaigns in India at Sholinghur, Seringapatam, Assaye (along with Major General Arthur Wellesley, later Duke of Wellington), and also in Egypt, China, Burma and other places abroad.

Since this group was constituted by the Madras Presidency, and formed part of the Madras Army, they were called the Madras Sappers. Likewise in 1803 and again in 1824, the Bengal Sappers and Bombay Sappers were formed in the other presidencies.

The Madras Pioneers formed an integral part of the armed forces. Their principal job in active warfare was to dig 'saps' or 'trenches' which permitted cannon to be brought in range of enemy fortifications and to dig 'mines' which would explode creating a breach in the fort walls. Hence the name, Sappers & Miners. In addition, the sappers used to lead the way to the breach for the 'forlorn hope' and infantry to follow. They also built roads, bridges, fortifications, wells, water-supply and fought as infantry when needed.

The second half of the eighteenth century found the Corps of Engineers of the Indian Army.

Madras Sappers review order by Richard Simkin


  • 1780 – Created Madras Pioneers from two company of Pioneers (On September 30, 1780 at Madras Patnam)
  • 1831 – Renamed Corps of Madras Sappers and Miners
  • 1834 – Relocated HQ to Bengaluru, where it remains today
  • 1876 – Receive prefix Queens's Own
  • 1903 – 2nd Queen's Own Madras Sappers and Miners, Renamed as part of the Kitchener Reforms
  • 1911 – Renamed 2nd Queen Victoria's Own Madras Sappers and Miners
Madras Sappers & Miners at the Qaisar Bagh complex in Lucknow, c 1857



  • Timeline 1
  • History 2
  • Gallery 3
  • Battle honours 4
    • Pre-World War I 4.1
    • World War I 4.2
    • World War II 4.3
    • Post Independence 4.4
  • Symbols 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • External links 8

The Bangalore torpedo, a mine clearing explosive device, was invented in the Centre at Bengaluru in the early years of the Twentieth Century.

have distinguished themselves in many battlefields around the world for more than 200 years. Shakos, as the troops of the Madras Sappers are popularly known, with their hallmark thambis The [1]

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