World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Madrid Principles

The Madrid Principles refer to one of the proposed peace settlements of Spanish capital Madrid in November 2007.[1] They originated from a revised version of the peace settlement proposal unveiled by the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairing countries (France, Russia and the United States) in the early summer of 2006.[1] In 2009 at the urging of the OSCE Minsk Group co-chairmen the Madrid Principles were updated.

Senior Armenian and Azerbaijani officials agreed on some of the proposed principles, but reportedly made little or no progress towards the deadline of the withdrawal of Armenian forces from occupied territories or towards the modalities of the decision on the future Nagorno-Karabakh status.[1]

The principles

The Madrid Principles are based on the provisions of Helsinki Final Act of 1975. On March 15, 2010 the Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov revealed the most recent draft of the Madrid Principles, which envisages a phased, rather than a package settlement to the conflict. The first phase includes the withdrawal of Armenian military from the Agdam, Fizuli, Jabrayil, Zangilan and Qubadli Rayon, as well from thirteen villages in the Lachin Rayon.[2] Communications are supposed to be restored and a donors' conference aimed at raising funds for postconflict rehabilitation is envisaged.[2] The Madrid Principles also envision the demilitarization and demining of Armenian-controlled territories.

The second phase envisions the withdrawal of the remaining Armenian forces from Lachin and Kelbajar, followed by the return of the Azerbaijani population to Nagorno-Karabakh. The "peacekeeping observers" are supposed to be deployed, ensuring the security of Azerbaijani displaced persons returning to their abandoned homes.[2] A decision is then taken on the geopolitical status of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic within Azerbaijan, assuming that status should not violate Azerbaijan's territorial integrity.[2] Mammadyarov offered what he termed "a high level of autonomy" such as that enjoyed by Tatarstan within the Russian Federation.[2] He revealed that the revamped Madrid Principles are "largely acceptable" to Azerbaijan.[2] The Madrid Principles, however, faced an opposition in Armenia and Armenian diaspora in the West.[3] The principles faced some criticism in Azerbaijan as well: according to Vafa Guluzade, the Madrid Principles, if implemented in an agreement, can lead to "fragmentation" of Azerbaijan.[3]

Madrid principles also define an interim status for Nagorno-Karabakh providing guarantees for security and self-governance and future determination of the final legal status of Nagorno-Karabakh through a legally binding public expression of will through a referendum.

See also


  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ a b c d e f
  3. ^ a b
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.