World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Lungsod ng Malaybalay (Tagalog)
Component City
City of Malaybalay
Official seal of Malaybalay
Nickname(s): South Summer Capital of the Philippines; The City in the Forest of the South
Motto: Cool Place, Warm People
Malaybalay is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Legislative district 2nd District of Bukidnon
Incorporated October 19, 1907
Cityhood February 11, 1998
Barangays 46
 • Mayor Ignacio W. Zubiri (Bukidnon Paglaum Party)
 • Vice Mayor Roland Deticio (Bukidnon Paglaum Party)
 • Total 969.19 km2 (374.21 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 622 m (2,041 ft)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 153,085
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
 • Languages Cebuano, Filipino, English, Binukid, Maranao
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
Income class 1st class
Patron Saint Saint Isidore the Laborer

Malaybalay, officially City of Malaybalay (Cebuano: Dakbayan sa Malaybalay; Filipino: Lungsod ng Malaybalay), is a first class component city and the capital and administrative center of the province of Bukidnon, Philippines.[2] The city, dubbed as the "South Summer Capital of the Philippines", is bordered north by Impasugong; west by Lantapan; south by Valencia City and San Fernando; and east by Cabanglasan and Agusan del Sur. According to the 2010 census, the city is inhabited by 153,085 residents.[4]

Folk etymology has it that when Spanish explorers came to the central portion of the province in the late 18th century, they met children playing at the lower part of the Sawaga. The soldiers asked in Spanish what is the name of the place. The children, who did not understand Spanish, thought that they were asked what they were doing. So they replied “Tagbalaybalay kay” (we are playing house). The soldiers thought that the name of the place was Malaybalay. So in the Spanish record the name Malaybalay stuck approximately 1820–1840.

It was formerly part of the province of Misamis Oriental as a municipal district in the late 19th century. When the special province of Agusan (now Agusan del Norte and Agusan del Sur) and its sub-province (Bukidnon) were created in 1907, Malaybalay was designated as the capital of Bukidnon. It was then formally established as a municipality on October 19, 1907 and was created into a city on February 11, 1998 by virtue of Republic Act 8490.[5]

Malaybalay City is the venue of the Kaamulan Festival, held annually from mid-February to March 10.[6]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Land area 2.2
    • Topography and soil type 2.3
  • Demography 3
  • Events 4
  • Places of interest 5
  • Local government 6
    • City administration 6.1
    • Barangays 6.2
  • Infrastructure 7
    • Transportation 7.1
    • Utilities 7.2
    • Hospitals and health centers 7.3
  • Education 8
    • Colleges and universities 8.1
    • Primary and secondary schools 8.2
  • Media 9
    • Radio stations 9.1
  • Sister cities 10
  • See also 11
  • References 12
  • External links 13


The original inhabitants of Malaybalay come from the seashores of Northern Mindanao (Misamis Oriental area) but were driven toward the mountains because of pirates and the arrival of Spanish colonizers. Before the final conquest of the central part of Mindanao (Bukidnon area), Sumilao, Linabo, Mailag and Silae has been established by Spanish missionaries (Dominicans and Jesuits). In 1850, Kalasungay (an old settlement site in Malaybalay), was burned down by the Spaniards during their final battle with the lumads, in which all male adults were killed and the women and children were taken as hostages. This battle is the last recorded resistance by the original inhabitants against the Spanish conquerors.[3][7][8]

A few years after their defeat, the survivors of the battle who fled to Silae slowly returned to the area and established a new settlement near the Sacub River (present-day Rizal Park) under the protection of Datu Mampaalong. Together with 30 other datus, Datu Mampaalong accepted Spanish dominion and embraced Christianity on June 15, 1877, ending the long-standing war between them. On that day, the Spaniards made Malaybalay into a pueblo named Oroquita del Interior with a territory covering the area of what is now the province of Bukidnon; the name of the settlement was retained as Malaybalay.[7][8]

From 1877 until the coming of the Americans, covering a span of 20 years, capitanes, who were acknowledge tribal chieftains and were appointed by the Spaniard missionaries, governed Malaybalay. Some of this leaders were Mariano Melendez (Datu Mampaalong), Doroteo Melendez, Juan Carbajal, Alejandro Bontao, Esteban Tilanduca and Faustino Abello

In 1850, Malaybalay became a part of the province of Misamis Oriental as a municipal district. The Philippine Commission then headed by Commissioner Dean C. Worcester, Secretary of Interior and a member of the Philippine Commission proposed the separation of Bukidnon from Misamis Oriental Province.

On August 20, 1907, the Philippine Commission Act No. 1693 was enacted creating the Province of Agusan and the sub-province of Bukidnon. Malaybalay was then formally created as a municipality on October 19, 1907. When Bukidnon was declared as a regular province and become an independent political unit on March 10, 1917 by virtue of the creation of the Department of Mindanao and Sulu under Act 2711, Malaybalay was designated as its provincial capital.

The Provincial Capital of the province of Bukidnon is in Malaybalay

During the Second World War, in 1942, the Japanese occupation troops entered Bukidnon. They occupied Malaybalay, establishing a camp in Casisang. Guerrilla groups operating around Malaybalay made frequent raids on the Japanese camps from the time of the occupation until the arrival of the Americans. In 1945, American liberation forces, together with the Philippine Commonwealth Forces and Filipino guerrillas liberated Malaybalay.

On March 26, 1996, the Sangguniang Bayan of the municipality of Malaybalay passed Resolution No. 3699-96 petitioning to the House of Representatives for the conversion of Malaybalay into a city. Reginaldo Tilanduca, 2nd District Representative of Bukidnon at that time, filed House Bill No. 6275, proposing the creation of Malaybalay into a component city. On February 11, 1998, President Fidel Ramos signed the act (R.A. 8490) that converted Malaybalay to a city, making it the first component city of Bukidnon.


Malaybalay City
Climate chart ()
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [9]

Malaybalay City, the capital city of Bukidnon, is in the central part of the province. It is bounded in the east by the municipality of Cabanglasan and the Pantaron Range, which separates Bukidnon from the provinces of Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte; on the west by the municipality of Lantapan and Mount Kitanglad; on the north by the municipality of Impasugong; and on the south by Valencia City and the municipality of San Fernando.[10][11]

The whole eastern and southeastern border adjoining Agusan del Sur and Davao del Norte is elevated and densely forested mountains, which is one of the few remaining forest blocks of Mindanao.

The nearest seaports and airports are in Cagayan de Oro City, which is 91 kilometers away.


The climate classification of Malaybalay City falls under the Fourth Type or intermediate B type, which is characterized by the absence of a pronounced maximum period and dry season. The period from May to October is where heavy rains occur. Rain falls at a yearly average of 2,800 millimeters (110 in) and occurs throughout the year, though it is more intense during the country's rainy season from June to October. On the other hand, November to April are the dry months. Compared with the rest of the country, the climate in Malaybalay is relatively cooler the whole year round and the area is not on the typhoon belt.[10][11]

Land area

The total land area of the city is 96,919 hectares (239,490 acres),[2] that is about 13% of the total area of Bukidnon. An estimated of 65% of this is classified as forestland/timberland and the remaining 35% is alienable and disposable areas: lands which could be used for purposes such as for agriculture or for industry.[10]

The city plays a strategic role in the protection of the headwater source of the Pulangi and the Tagoloan rivers because of its location the upper portion of both watershed areas. The Pulangi River then extends through the Cotabato provinces as the Rio Grande de Mindanao and to Cotabato City, where it empties into Illana Bay. The Tagoloan River, on the other hand, traverses northwestward toward Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental, where it joins the Macajalar Bay. These watershed areas provided potable water, irrigation, hydro-electric power, and recreation and tourism activities.

Topography and soil type

The average elevation of the city is 622 meters above sea level (2,040.68 feet). About 60% of the city's area has above 30% slope, characterized by steep hills, mountains, and cliff-like stream side. About 25% are level, gently sloping, and undulating. The rest are rolling and hilly.[3][10]

One of prominent geographical structure in the city is the Kitanglad Mountain Range, located in the western frontier, on its border with Lantapan and Impasugong. Some barangays (Dalwangan, Capitan Bayong, Imbayao and Mampayag) are in the foothills of this mountain range. Steep hills are found in the central portion of the city (Kibalabag, Manalog and Can-ayan), where the Tagoloan River headwater can be found. The Central Mindanao Cordillera (Pantaron Mountain Range), is on the eastern side of the city, in its boundaries with Agusan del Sur province. The Pulangi River cuts across the area between the hills in the central part and the Central Cordillera in the eastern part, creating a portion of the Upper Pulangi river valley. The southern portion of the city is made up of level to undulating area, a river valley created by the Sawaga River and the Manupali River, which are both tributaries of the Pulangi River.

About 66% of the city's soil is identified as undifferentiated mountain soil and the rest are clay. The predominant types of clay are Kidapawan, Alimodian and Adtuyon, which are generally good for agriculture.


Historical growth of population of Malaybalay City, 1918-2007

Malaybalay is originally the home of the Bukidnon "lumads" or natives, but there has been an influx of settlers and immigrants from the Visayas and Luzon for the last four decades contributing to the growth of the population. The original inhabitants, the Bukidnons, have retreated to the hinterlands as the migrants continued to occupy and dominate the population centers in the city. Malaybalay City is the second most populous political subdivision in the province, after Valencia City.

The Census of Population conducted by the National Statistics Office in 2007 showed that the city now has 144,065 inhabitants. The historical growth of population of the city showed a variable pattern of growth (See Figure). The first census of population in was made 1918 with Malaybalay having only 16,428 inhabitants. The 21 years from 1918 to 1939 was a low-growth period with the city's population growing at a 0.6% annually. This was then followed by a period of population decline until the post-World War II era, declining by 1.5% per year. The 12-year period from 1948 to 1960 is a period of high growth, when the city's population almost doubled from its 1948 level. This pace of growth continued until 1970, growing 6.7%. In 1970, Malaybalay has 65,918 inhabitants. A 5-year period of declining growth followed, the population dropped to 60,779. After the decline, Malaybalay's population has been increasing since then, growing by 3.4% from 1990to 1995, 1.9% from 1995 to 2000. Government demographers estimated that the city's population would reach more than 150,000 by 2010.

The city is predominantly rural, with only 16% of the population in urban areas, 40% in urbanizing barangays and 46% in rural areas. Population is evenly distributed in the urban and rural areas. The urban areas are generally found on the confines of the Sayre Highway that traverses the city. The main urban population is found in the Poblacion-Casisang area. Secondary population centers includes barangays Aglayan, Bangcud and Kalasungay.

Malaybalay has one of the lowest average population density in the province, second only to Impasug-ong with only 146 persons per square kilometer although there are barangays, especially in the Poblacion area, with high population density.

Cebuano and Binukid are prevailing mediums of communication in the city. More than half of the city's population are native-speakers of this language. Other languages are Maranao are spoken by the Maranao people. Boholano (a dialect of Cebuano from Bohol) and Ilonggo are also spoken by its native speakers living in this city.


Malaybalay City Charter Day
Taking place every March 22, the date is declared as a special working holiday through Republic Act 8813[12] as a commemoration of Malaybalay's anniversary as a chartered city. Events are lined up by the city to enable residents and visitors to come and experience the charter day activities.
Malaybalay City Fiesta
Malaybalay City Fiesta takes place every May 15 in honor of the City's patron saint, Saint Isidro Labrador, the patron of agricultural workers, labourers and livestock.[13] The fiesta is a two-day event starting May 14, a day before the fiesta, wherein residents actively prepare for the festivities, up to fiesta day proper (May 15).

Places of interest

Malaybalay has several notable tourist destinations.[14]

The Church of the Monastery of Transfiguration, San Jose, Malaybalay City
Monastery of Transfiguration
The City's 25-year Monastery of Transfiguration on San Jose hill, is made of heavy lime blocks, designed by National Artist for architecture Leandro Locsin. The first Filipino Abbot, Fr. Eduardo Africa and former Malaybalay bishop Gaudencio Rosales inaugurated it on August 6, 1983. Today, 10 monks had its 7 hectares planted to rice, 25 hectares to corn, and the rest for planting the world-famous Monk’s Blend Premium coffee. Its two-story Museum of Transfiguration Monastery (MTM) houses Dom Martin’s 50-piece vestment collection included in Philippines' 1998 centennial celebration. The Worship and Weave book on the vestments won the 2001 National Book Award (art category).[15]
Nasuli Spring
Located in Brgy. Bangcud, this spring has blue waters deep enough for diving and swimming. It also serves as picnic grounds for families bonding together or a place of refuge and recollection.
Bukidnon Forests Inc., (BFI) industrial tree plantation
This 39,000-hectare reforestation project (21,000 hectares of which are plantable) demonstrates the compatibility of nature with economic objectives. Funded with the assistance of the New Zealand government under the auspices of DENR, the project has been operational since 1990. The City of Malaybalay and the municipalities of Impasugong, Manolo Fortich and Malitbog are the areas covered by the plantation. Its 5-hectare nursery is capable of producing 5.2 million fast-growing seedlings every year.
Kaamulan Grounds
Located at Brgy. 1, Kaamulan Grounds serves as an activity area, refuge and recollection, picnic and other outdoor activities one can think of. An intimate environment where pine trees abound, the Kaamulan Park bids one a breather from the busy hub of the city. The Folk Arts Theater, where some provincial activities and events are held, is also found here.
Carmelite Monastery
A sanctuary for those who seek serenity and peace, the Carmelite Sister’s Monastery is a place for retreat and prayer. The refreshing air, well-kept flower gardens and a beautiful view of some mountains in makes the place ideal for quiet moments to ponder and take a breather from a busy life. It is at Pal-ing, Barangay Kalasungay; some 5 km from the city proper bound to the south.
Mt. Capistrano viewed from Brgy. Cabangahan.
Mt. Capistrano
Famous as the evacuation area in World War II, this mountain is characterized by its unique rock formations and challenging caves. Nature trekkers and mountain climbers find a good spot at the top, albeit rough and sharp, to see a vista of Bukidnon’s grandeur as it offers a free, panoramic view of the nearby mountains and the acres of rice and cornfields. Located at Barangay Managok, it is 18 km from the City of Malaybalay proper bound south.
Roxas Monument
Roxas Monument is a historical park whose principal feature is the monument of the Philippine’s first president of the independent Republic, Manuel Roxas. History has it that President Roxas hid secretly in the old school, now known as Casisang Elementary School, after escaping from Japanese Imperial Army at the height of World War II on his way to Australia. The monument was erected in honor of Roxas’ brief stay as well as to remember the WWII prisoners of war. The Roxas Monument is located at Casisang, Malaybalay – a few minutes ride going South from the city proper.
Dalwangan Centennial Marker
This is the spot identified to be where the Northern and Southern Army of the US Air Force linked in World War II. The centennial marker is erected at Barangay Dalwangan, City of Malaybalay.

Local government

Mayors of Malaybalay City
Juan Melendez 1906-1908
Fernando Damasco 1909-1913
Jose Ruiz 1914-1918
Juan Melendez 1924-1936
Faustino Caterial 1936-1937
Catalino Damasco 1937-1939
Gerardo Pimentel 1940-1941
Salvador Alberto 1943-1947
Teofilo Salcedo 1948-1951
Fortunato Carbajal, Sr. 1951-1954
Lorenzo S. Dinlayan 1955-1971
Timoteo C. Ocaya 1972-1979
Edilberto B. Mamawag 1979-1980*
Reginaldo N. Tilanduca 1980-1986
Violeta T. Labaria 1986*
Almaco A. Villanueva 1987*
Rogelio M. Bides 1988*
Reginaldo N. Tilanduca 1988-1992
Bob Tabios-Casanova April 1992-June 1992
Nicolas C. Jurolan 1992-2001
Florencio T. Flores, Jr. 2001-2010
Ignacio W. Zubiri 2010 to present
* - Appointed

City administration

The City is administered by the City Mayor together with the Vice Mayor and the Sangguniang Panlungsod.[16] The mayor is the local chief executive officer of the city and exercises control and supervision over all local administrative offices as mandated by the Local Government Code of the Philippines (1991). The City also has a City Administrator that assists the mayor. Here are the offices of the Local Government Unit of Malaybalay City and its corresponding Head of Office:

The Sangguniang Panlungsod (or SP) serves as the local legislative arm of the City. It enacts ordinances and issues regulations that are necessary to promote the propriety and general welfare of the City’s residents; ensure the health, safety, comfort and convenience of its constituents, maintain peace and order, improve and promote high public morals, and ensure the protection of the properties within the City’s jurisdiction. There are 12 elected Sangguniang members and a permanent Sangguniang Panlungsod secretary. The Sangguniang Panlungsod is headed by the Vice Mayor, acting as its presiding officer. There are twelve (12) elected Sanggunian members and one permanent Sangguniang Panlungsod secretary.[16]

Malaybalay City 46 barangays each headed by a barangay chairman together with seven Sangguniang Barangay members.


Malaybalay City is politically subdivided into 46 barangays.[2]

Political map of Malaybalay City showing the 46 barangays under its jurisdiction
Barangay Population
Capitan Angel
Patpat (Lapu-Lapu)
Apo Macote
Barangay 1 (Pob.)
Barangay 2 (Pob.)
Barangay 3 (Pob.)
Barangay 4 (Pob.)
Barangay 5 (Pob.)
Barangay 6 (Pob.)
Barangay 7 (Pob.)
Barangay 8 (Pob.)
Barangay 9 (Pob.)
Barangay 10 (Pob.)
Barangay 11 (Pob.)
Saint Peter
San Jose
San Martin
Santo Niño



Roads and highways

The parts of Malaybalay are linked by about 749 kilometers of road classified as national, provincial, city and barangay roads. Approximately 103 kilometers are classified as national road, 60 kilometers as provincial road, 26 kilometers as city road and 560 kilometers as barangay roads. Paved roads, either concrete or asphalt, constitute only 11% of all roads while the rest or around 88% are unpaved (gravel or earth filled). The forestal communities in rural barangays are usually linked by old logging roads that are passable by farm animals and motorcycles.[10][17]

The Sayre Highway bisects the Poblacion, the main urban center of the City, serving as the main thoroughfare of the city.[18] Buses that ply the Cagayan de Oro City, Bukidnon, General Santos City and Davao City route, as well as jeepneys, multi-cabs, vans and private vehicles pass through this highway. Suburbs are served by multicabs, motorelas and improvised bicycles (trisikads).[17]

Public transportation

Public utility buses and jeepneys serves as the main mode of transportation for the City's inhabitants. The Rural Transit Mindanao, Inc. operates the Cagayan de Oro to Davao City route, Cagayan de Oro to General Santos City route, Cagayan de Oro to Wao and the Cagayan de Oro to Libungan route that all passes through the city.

Airports and seaports

Malaybalay City once had an airport located at Barangay Casisang but closed in the 1990s by the provincial government to give land for housing; the nearest one is the Laguindingan Airport in Cagayan de Oro. The city also relies on the Cagayan de Oro seaport for the delivery of its products to other destinations in the Philippines as it is the closest port to the city.



The city is powered by the Bukidnon II Electric Cooperative (BUSECO).[19] BUSECO has its branch in the city at Barangay Casisang while its head office is at Manolo Fortich.


The water system and services of Malaybalay is provided by Malaybalay City Water District (MCWD) in which its office is located in Barangay Sumpong.

Mobile and Internet services

The city's mobile and internet services are provided by Globe Telecom, PLDT, Parasat Cable TV and Smart Communications.

Hospitals and health centers

  • Bukidnon Provincial Medical Center
  • Bethel Baptist Hospital, Inc.
  • Malaybalay Polymedic General Hospital
  • Malaybalay Medical Hospital
  • St. Jude Thaddeus General Hospital


Colleges and universities

Malaybalay City has four tertiary schools, found in the Poblacion area:

  • Bukidnon State University (BSU) – BSU is the first tertiary school in the city to attain university status last 2007
  • San Isidro College (SIC)
  • STI College - Malaybalay
  • Mindanao Arts and Technological Institute (MATI)

Primary and secondary schools

The city has 64 primary/elementary schools and 13 secondary schools. Almost every barangay has at least one primary/elementary school, while secondary schools are strategically located in areas with higher population. Majority of the primary and secondary schools are run by the government through the Department of Education.[10][20] These are the major primary/elementary and secondary schools found in the city:

  • Malaybalay City Central School
  • Casisang Central School
  • Bangcud Central Elementary School
  • Sumpong Elementary School
  • Kalasungay Central Elementary School
  • Aglayan Elementary School
  • Airport Village Elementary School
  • San Jose Elementary School
  • Patpat Elementary School
  • Linabo Central School
  • Imbayao Elementary School
  • Brgy 9. Elementary School
  • Dalwangan Elementary School
  • Bukidnon National High School
  • Bangcud National High School
  • Managok National High School
  • Casisang National High School
  • Aglayan National Science High School (Bukidnon National High School - Aglayan Annex)
  • Kalasungay National High School
  • Malaybalay City National High School (Bukidnon National High School - San Jose Annex)
  • Bethel Baptist Christian Academy
  • Casisang International Christian School
  • Marywoods Academy
  • St. John's School
  • St. James School of Science and Technology


Parasat Cable TV provides cable television in the city. ABS-CBN and GMA have good and clear reception. ABS-CBN and GMA broadcast towers are located at the peak of Mount Kitanglad, the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines.

Radio stations have good and clear receptions in the City. Love Radio 106.3 FM is the major radio station in the City. Bukidnon State University created its own radio station (DxBU 104.5). Countryside Radio Group also operates DXXM-FM 92.7 & DXXB-FM 89.7 in the city.

National newspapers are available in the city like the Philippine Daily Inquirer, Philippine Star and Manila Bulletin. The Central Mindanao Newswatch is the major local newspaper distributor.

Radio stations



Sister cities

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^ a b c
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ Malaybalay City Profile
  6. ^ Cultural and Historical Sites & Events
  7. ^ a b Historical Background of Malaybalay
  8. ^ a b Malaybalay City History
  9. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather Data for Malaybalay, Philippines
  10. ^ a b c d e f Commission on Population - Malaybalay City Profile
  11. ^ a b
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ Malaybalay City,
  15. ^ A Healing Silence
  16. ^ a b Malaybalay City Government
  17. ^ a b Malaybalay City Transportation
  18. ^ When the Sayre Highway reaches the Poblacion of Malaybalay City, it is known as Fortich Street, named after the first governor of the province of Bukidnon
  19. ^
  20. ^ City of Malaybalay - Basic Services

External links

  • Philippine Standard Geographic Code
  • Philippine Census Information
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.