World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Manassas

 

Manassas

"Manassas" redirects here. For other uses, see Manassas (disambiguation).
Manassas, Virginia
Independent city
City of Manassas

View of downtown Manassas looking east on Center Street.
Official seal of Manassas, Virginia
Seal

Location in Virginia

Coordinates: 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639

Country United States
State Virginia
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Harry J. (Hal) Parrish II
 • City Manager John A. Budesky
 • Vice Mayor Andrew L. (Andy) Harrover
 • City Council
Area
 • Total
 • Land 9.9 sq mi (25.7 km2)
 • Water .04 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 305 ft (93 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 40,605
 • Density 3,538.2/sq mi (1,366.1/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 20108 (PO Box Only), and 20110,[1] 20111, 20112
Area code(s) 703, 571
FIPS code 51-48952[2]
GNIS feature ID 1498512[3]
Website www.manassascity.org






Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction[4]) is an independent city surrounded by Prince William County and the independent city of Manassas Park in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. Its population was 37,821 as of 2010.[5] Manassas also surrounds the 38-acre (150,000 m2) county courthouse, but that county property is not part of the city. The City of Manassas has several important historic sites from the period 1850–1870. The Bureau of Economic Analysis combines the city of Manassas (along with Manassas Park) with Prince William County for statistical purposes. The City of Manassas is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area and it is situated in the Northern Virginia region.

History

In July 1861, the First Battle of Manassas – also known as the First Battle of Bull Run – the first major land battle of the American Civil War, was fought near here. Manassas commemorated the 150th anniversary of First Battle of Manassas July 21–24, 2011.[6]

Second Battle of Manassas (or the Second Battle of Bull Run) was fought near here on August 28–30, 1862. At that time, Manassas Junction was little more than a railroad crossing, but a strategic one, with rails leading to Richmond, Virginia, Washington, D.C., and the Shenandoah Valley. Despite these two Confederate victories, Manassas Junction was in Union hands for most of the war.

The crossroads grew into the town of Manassas following the war, incorporated in 1873. In 1892, it became the county seat of Prince William County, replacing Brentsville, Virginia. In 1975, Manassas became an independent city.

The Manassas Historic District, Cannon Branch Fort, Liberia, and Manassas Industrial School for Colored Youth are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[7]

Notable people

Geography

Manassas is located at 38°45′5″N 77°28′35″W / 38.75139°N 77.47639°W / 38.75139; -77.47639 (38.751415, -77.476396)[13]. The city is mainly served by I-66, U.S. 29, Virginia State Route 234 Business and Virginia State Route 28.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.0 square miles (26 km2), of which 9.9 square miles (26 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.20%) is water.

Manassas uses a council-manager system of government. The current city manager is John A. Budesky. The current mayor is Harry J. Parrish II.

Adjacent counties and independent cities

Demographics

In 2010, the population of the City of Manassas was 37,821[14] which represented a 7.6% growth in population since the last census in 2000. As of July, 2011, the City’s population is estimated at 39,060.[15] The City is culturally diverse with the 2010 Census reporting that 21.4% of the population is Hispanic. The racial breakdown per the 2010 Census for the City is as follows:

• 61.7% White • 15.7% Black • 4.9% Asian • .1% Native American or Pacific Islander • 14.6% Other

The population density for the City is 3,782.1 persons per square mile and there are an estimated 13,103 housing units in the city with an average housing density of 1,310.3 per square mile.[16] The greatest percentage of housing values of owner-occupied homes (34.8%) is $300,000 to $499,999 with a median owner-occupied housing value of $259,100. The City’s highest period of growth was from 1980 to 1989 when 35% of the City’s housing stock was constructed.[17]

The ACS estimated median household income for the City in 2010 was $70,211. 36% of the population has a college degree.[16] Almost as many people commute into the City of Manassas for work (13,316) as out (13,666) with the majority of out commuters traveling to Fairfax County and Prince William County for their jobs.[14] Unemployment as of July, 2010 in the City is 6.3% which is well below that of the United States at 7.9%. City residents are primarily employed in Professional, Scientific and Technical Services and Health Care and Social Assistance.[18]

Crime

For the 21st century, the city of Manassas has had an overall increase in crime since the year 1999. The Total Crime Index for Manassas was 307.3 crimes committed per 100,000 residents in 2006. There were 223.5 crimes committed per 100,000 civilians for the year 1999, The National Average for the United States is 320.9 crimes committed per 100,000 residents.[19] The violent crime levels in Manassas are higher than the Virginia state average, which tends to be a pattern typical within urban areas in the Southern United States.[20][21]

According to CNN Money Magazine, there are 5 Personal crime incidents per 1,000 residents, the best places average is 1.3 personal crimes per 1,000 residents. The rate for Property crime incidents for Manassas is 31 per 1,000 residents, the best places average is 20.6.[22]

Economy

Colgan Air, a regional airline, maintains two hangars at Manassas Regional Airport in Manassas.[23] At one time Colgan Air was headquartered in Manassas.[24] Pinacle Airlines Corp. purchased Colgan Air and announced that it was moving all operations to Memphis to be in proximity to the offices of Pinnacle Airlines Corp.

In 2001, My Plumber Heating and Cooling moved their corporate headquarters to Manassas, adding 120 jobs.[25]

The City's third largest employer is Micron Technology. The Boise, ID headquartered semiconductor manufacturer operates its wafer fab in Manassas while employing 1186 people directly, and several hundred others through vendor contracts and the like.[26] The other major employers are Lockheed Martin (1500 employees) and the Prince William Health System (1400 employees).

Transportation

Major highways

The major roads into and out of Manassas are VA-28 and VA-234 Business. I-66 and US-29 service Manassas, but neither pass through the city itself.

Airports

Manassas Regional Airport is located within the city limits. The Manassas Regional Airport is the fourth busiest airport in the Commonwealth of Virginia with more than 400 based aircraft and more than 30 businesses ranging from charter companies, avionics, maintenance, flight schools and aircraft services.

Rail transportation

Manassas began life as Manassas Junction, so-named for the railroad junction between the Orange and Alexandria Railroad and the Manassas Gap Railroad. The O&A owned the trackage from Alexandria through Manassas to points south, ending in Orange, Virginia, while the MGRR was a new line being constructed from Manassas Junction through the Manassas Gap westward. In addition Manassas was the site of the first large scale military use of rails

The current trackage, which roughly follows these original routes, is now owned by the modern day Norfolk Southern system.

Amtrak and the Virginia Railway Express (VRE) supply both regular and commuter service to the city and surrounding area on the tracks owned by the NS. Three Amtrak routes, the Cardinal, the Northeast Regional and Crescent, provide service. The Cardinal terminates in Chicago, the Northeast Regional in Boston, while the Crescent ends at New Orleans. VRE is a very popular commuting option to Alexandria and Washington, D.C.. VRE has two stops located in the City of Manassas, one in downtown Manassas and one at the Manassas Regional Airport.

Education

The City of Manassas is served by the Manassas City Public Schools. There are five elementary schools in Manassas, one middle school, and one high school. In 2006, Mayfield Intermediate School opened, serving students in fifth and sixth grade.

Some schools in the Prince William County Public Schools district have Manassas addresses; they serve areas outside of the Manassas city limits and are located outside of the Manassas city limits.

Also in the vicinity of Manassas are branch campuses of American Public University System, George Mason University, Northern Virginia Community College, ECPI College of Technology and Strayer University. Despite that some of these may in fact be just outside the city limits in Prince William County, NVCC and Strayer call these branches their "Manassas Campuses."

List of public schools in Manassas:[27]

  • Baldwin Elementary School
  • Dean Elementary School
  • Haydon Elementary School
  • George C. Round Elementary School
  • Weems Elementary School
  • Joseph B. Johnson Learning Center
  • Mayfield Intermediate School
  • Grace E. Metz Middle School
  • Osbourn High School

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 38°45′05″N 77°28′35″W / 38.751415°N 77.476396°W / 38.751415; -77.476396

  • Battle of 1st Bull Run/Manassas 150th anniversary site

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.