World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mannaz

Article Id: WHEBN0032012769
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mannaz  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Version 1.0 Editorial Team/Runes articles by quality log, Medieval runes, Buch der heiligen Dreifaltigkeit, Midgard, Runes
Collection: Runes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mannaz

See Man (word) for the Germanic etymology. See Mannus for the mythological ancestor recorded by Tacitus.
Name
Maðr
"man, human"
Shape Elder Futhark Futhorc Younger Futhark
Unicode
U+16D7
U+16D8
U+16D9
Transliteration m
Transcription m
IPA [m]
Position in rune-row 20 14
Two early forms of the m-rune of the Younger Futhark.

*Mannaz is the conventional name of the m-rune of the Elder Futhark. It is derived from the reconstructed Common Germanic word for "man", *mannaz.

Younger Futhark ᛘ is maðr ("man"). It took up the shape of the algiz rune ᛉ, replacing Elder Futhark .

As its sound value and form in the Elder Futhark indicate, it is derived from the letter M (𐌌) in the Old Italic alphabets, ultimately from the Greek letter Mu (μ).

Contents

  • Rune poems 1
  • Modern usage 2
  • References 3
  • See also 4

Rune poems

The rune is recorded in all three Rune Poems, in the Norwegian and Icelandic poems as maðr, and in the Anglo-Saxon poem as man.

Rune Poem:[1] English Translation:

Norwegian

Maðr er moldar auki;
mikil er græip á hauki.
Man is an augmentation of the dust;
great is the claw of the hawk.

Icelandic

Maðr er manns gaman
ok moldar auki
ok skipa skreytir.
homo mildingr.
Man is delight of man
and augmentation of the earth
and adorner of ships.

Anglo-Saxon

Man byþ on myrgþe his magan leof:
sceal þeah anra gehwylc oðrum swican,
forðum drihten wyle dome sine
þæt earme flæsc eorþan betæcan.
The joyous man is dear to his kinsmen;
yet every man is doomed to fail his fellow,
since the Lord by his decree
will commit the vile carrion to the earth.

Modern usage

For the "man" rune of the Armanen Futharkh as "life rune" in Germanic mysticism and Neo-Nazism, see Lebensrune.

References

  1. ^ Original poems and translation from the Rune Poem Page ("Ragnar's Ragweed Forge").

See also

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.