World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Margaret Ballinger

Article Id: WHEBN0026777349
Reproduction Date:

Title: Margaret Ballinger  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Centre for Development and Enterprise, Liberal Party of South Africa, South African general election, 1953, South African general election, 1958, Rhodes University
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Margaret Ballinger

Margaret Ballinger
Born Violet Margaret Livingstone Hodgson
1894
Glasgow, Scotland
Died 1980 (aged 85–86)
Education Oxford
Known for Politician
Spouse(s) William Ballinger

Margaret Ballinger (1894–1980) was the first President of the Liberal Party of South Africa and a South African Member of Parliament. In 1944, Ballinger was referred to as the "Queen of the Blacks" by TIME magazine. At that time she held considerable power in the government of South Africa.[1]

Biography

Margaret Hodgson was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1894 and moved to South Africa with her family when she was a child. Her father arrived just before the Boer War and ended up fighting against the British. Hodgson (Ballinger) attended the Huguenot College in Wellington before continuing her education in England. In England she went to Somerville College, Oxford.

She taught history when she returned to South Africa at Rhodes University in Grahamstown and University of the Witwatersrand. She stood for election where there were seven representatives for eight million black South Africans against the 140 M.P.s who represented the other 20% of the population. She had stood against other male candidates and talking through an interpreter had managed to win the electorate's confidence. It was said that she used the analogy of Joan of Arc to illustrate what a woman could do for them.[1]

She represented the people of the [4]

When the Liberal Party of South Africa was formed in 1953 she was its first President. The party was founded around Alan Paton, who was one of the vice Presidents. She was one of the few people to speak against the apartheid views of Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd.[3]

In 1960 she left Parliament when the South African government abolished the Parliamentary seats representing Africans. She was given a bronze award in 1961 by the British Royal African Society for her services to Africa. Her citation mentioned the links she had established between African and European women and for the home for sick children she established.[2]

She left the party before it was wound up by its own membership in 1968. At that time it became illegal for a political party to have members from more than one race. The party preferred to die rather than choose.

Works

  • From Union to Apartheid - A Trek to Isolation, 1969

Legacy

The home for sick children which she had established was closed down during the apartheid era, but it has taken new shapes. Ballinger had started three schools in Soweto without official permission, the first is named in her honour.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c South Africa:Queen of the Blacks, Time Magazine, 3 July 1944, accessed March 2010
  2. ^ a b African Affairs, p.420, accessed March 2010
  3. ^ a b c Margaret Ballinger, SAHistory.org.za, accessed March 2010
  4. ^ Journal of South African Studies, p836, accessed March 2010
  5. ^ Margaret Ballinger pre-school, asha.org.za, accessed March 2010
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.