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Mark Volman

Mark Volman
Volman performing in 2008 billed as "The Turtles Featuring Flo & Eddie"
Background information
Also known as Flo
Phlorescent Leech
Born (1947-04-19) April 19, 1947
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres Alternative rock, rock and roll, R&B, experimental
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter, professor
Instruments Vocals, guitar, keyboards
Years active 1967-present
Labels Warner Bros., Columbia
Associated acts The Turtles, The Mothers of Invention, Flo & Eddie
Website .com.theturtleswww
Notable instruments
Fender Stratocaster

Mark Volman (born April 19, 1947) is an American rock and roll guitarist, vocalist and songwriter, best known as a founding member of the 1960s band the Turtles. Volman became a stand-out figure upon joining The Mothers of Invention under the tutelage of Frank Zappa. At times during his career he has used the pseudonym "Flo", working alongside his friend and partner Howard Kaylan; they at times have used the stage names of Flo & Eddie.


  • Career 1
    • Academia 1.1
  • Music and film career 2
  • Personal life 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5



Volman was born in Los Angeles, California, and grew up in Westchester, a suburb of Los Angeles, where he graduated from Westchester High School in 1965. In 1992, aged 45, he started his bachelor's degree at Loyola Marymount University. He was an active undergraduate member of the choir and a Founding Father of the California Chi chapter of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. Volman graduated with a B.A. degree in 1997 Magna cum Laude and was the class valedictorian speaker. During the speech he led the graduates in a chorus of "Happy Together". CBS Evening News covered Volman's graduation and interviewed his parents who were perplexed at their son's academic accomplishments.[1]

Volman went on to earn a Master's degree in Fine Arts with an emphasis in screenwriting in 1999 also from Loyola. Since that time, he has taught Music Business & Industry courses in the Communications and Fine Arts department at Loyola. He has also taught courses in the Commercial Music Program at Los Angeles Valley College. He is currently an Associate Professor and Coordinator of the Entertainment Industry Studies Program at Belmont University in the Mike Curb College of Entertainment and Music Business and conducts seminars about the music industry for various academic institutions from junior high school to University level. In addition, he offers consulting on music business and entertainment through the website Ask Professor Flo.[2]

Music and film career

Volman (and Frank Zappa in background); December 1971, Hamburg

Volman and Howard Kaylan founded The Turtles, a popular band of the late 1960s. In December 1968, NME magazine reported that Volman had insured his distinctive frizzy hair for US$100,000 against fire, theft or loss due to illness.[3] As their band folded, Volman and Kaylan discovered that the terms of their contract forbade them to use not only the name 'The Turtles', but also their own names. Kaylan and Volman were recruited by Frank Zappa, joining the Mothers of Invention, and they also worked together as Flo & Eddie in music, in film (they provided music and voices for animated films like Down and Dirty Duck), and in radio broadcasting. In 1971 Volman appeared on the soundtrack to Zappa's semi-documentary film, 200 Motels.[4]

In 2015, Kaylan and Volman celebrated their 50th year, touring and performing more than 60 concerts a year, billed as "The Turtles ... Featuring Flo & Eddie" with their HAPPY TOGETHER TOUR, a classic revue-format show featuring some popular bands of the mid-to-late 1960s musical era. According to The Hollywood Reporter, Volman and Kaylan have been "leading the charge against the uncompensated use of their music — and using state-based misappropriation, conversation and unfair competition claims because sound recordings only began falling under federal copyright protection in 1972."

Personal life

Volman runs his businesses with his wife, Emily; the couple met as college sweethearts.[5] They are also active members of Harpeth Presbyterian Church in Brentwood, Tennessee, where they both invest their time as Youth Advisors.[6]


  1. ^ Profile,, April 9, 1999; accessed April 19, 2015.
  2. ^ Ask Professor Flo; accessed April 19, 2015.
  3. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London, UK: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 191. CN 5585. 
  4. ^ Tobler, John (1992). NME Rock 'N' Roll Years (1st ed.). London, UK: Reed International Books Ltd. p. 223. CN 5585. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ The Phlorescent Teach,; accessed April 19, 2015.

External links

  • Official website
  • Ask Professor Flo, a business and website run by Volman and his wife to aid up and coming musicians
  • Mark Volman at the Internet Movie Database
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