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Martin Carter

Martin Wylde Carter
Born (1927-06-07)June 7, 1927
Georgetown, Guyana
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 70)
Georgetown, Guyana
Occupation Poet, political activist
Nationality Guyanese
Notable works Poems of Resistance from British Guiana (1954), Poems of Affinity (1980)
Notable awards 1994 Order of Roraima
Spouse Phyllis Carter (neé Howard)

Martin Wylde Carter (7 June 1927 - 13 December 1997) was a Guyanese poet and political activist. Widely regarded as the greatest Guyanese poet, and one of the most important poets of the Caribbean region, Carter is best known for his poems of protest, resistance and revolution.[1][2][3][4] Carter played an active role in Guyanese politics, particularly in the years leading up Independence in 1966 and those following immediately after. He was famously imprisoned by the British government in Guyana (then British Guiana) in October 1953 under allegations of "spreading dissension", and again in June 1954 for taking part in a PPP procession. [5][6] Shortly after being released from prison the first time, Carter published his most well-known poetry collection, Poems of Resistance from British Guiana (1954).[7][8]


  • Life 1
  • Poetry and critical reception 2
  • Select bibliography 3
  • Awards 4
  • References 5
    • Notes 5.1
    • Sources 5.2
  • Further reading 6
  • External links 7


Martin Carter was born in

  • Index to matrial on Martin Carter, The Caribbean Review of Books.
  • A "Biography" of Martin Carter
  • Vahni Capildeo, University of HungerReview of , The Caribbean Review of Books.
  • Nicholas Laughlin, University of HungerReview of . First published in Caribbean Beat, July/August 2006.
  • , número 4 (2014). México: UNAM/CCH, pp. 126-131PoiéticaArtículo "Poesía de la otra América: la obra de Martin Carter" de Eliff Lara Astorga. Revista (in spanish)

External links


Further reading

  • Anonymous. "Martin Wylde Carter". Peepal Tree Press. Retrieved 14 June 2012. 
  • Anonymous (15 November 1970). "Exit Carter with a poem". Sunday Graphic. 
  • Belafonte, Larry; Danny Glover (25 September 2005). "Belafonte and Glover Speak Out on Katrina". Alternet. Retrieved 12 June 2012. 
  • Brown, Lloyd W. (1986). "Martin Wylde Carter". In Daryl Cumber Dance. Fifty Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood. pp. 108–114.  
  • Brown, Stewart (February 2006). "The Truth of Craft". Caribbean Review of Books.  
  • Creighton, Al (December 2001). The Mob at the Door": A 'Biography' of Martin Carter""". Guyana Under Siege (Originally published in Stabroek News). Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  • Creighton, Al (7 February 2010). "The Poets Companion". Stabroek News. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  • Dalleo, Raphael (2011). "Anticolonial Authority and the Postcolonial Occasion for Speaking: George Lamming and Martin Carter". Caribbean Literature and the Public Sphere: From the Plantation to the Postcolonial. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.  
  • Gafoor, Ameena (14 December 2008). "In Memory of Martin Carter". Kaieteur News. Retrieved 16 June 2012. 
  • Paddington, Bruce (March–April 1995). "Martin Carter: The Poems Man". Caribbean Beat 13.  
  • Robinson, Gemma (Spring 2005). "Vocabularies of Protest and Resistance: The Early Work of Wilson Harris and Martin Carter". Journal of Caribbean Literatures 2 (1, 2 and 3): 37–46.  
  • Robinson, Gemma (2006a). "Chronology of Martin Carter". In Martin Carter. The University of Hunger: Collected Poems and Selected Prose. Tarset: Bloodaxe. pp. 11–13.  
  • Robinson, Gemma (2006b). "Introduction". In Martin Carter. The University of Hunger: Collected Poems and Selected Prose. Tarset: Bloodaxe. pp. 15–51.  
  • Roopnaraine, Rupert (2000). "Martin Carter and Politics". In Stewart Brown. All are Involved: The Art of Martin Carter. Leeds: Peepal Tree. pp. 48–55.  
  • Seecharan, Clem (2000). "The Shape of the Passion: The Historical Context of Martin Carter's Poetry of Protest, 1951-1964". In Stewart Brown. All are Involved: The Art of Martin Carter. Peepal Tree Press. pp. 24–47.  
  • Trevis, Peter (1989). "Interview with Martin Carter (extract)". In E. A. Markham. Hinterland: Caribbean Poetry from the West Indies and Britain. Newcastle-upon-Tyne: Bloodaxe. pp. 66–71.  


  1. ^ a b Brown 2006.
  2. ^ Robinson 2005, p. 36.
  3. ^ Brown & 1986 108.
  4. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 15.
  5. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 28-9.
  6. ^ Gafoor 2008.
  7. ^ a b Brown 1986, p. 109.
  8. ^ a b Robinson 2006a.
  9. ^ a b c Robinson 2006a, p. 11.
  10. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 19.
  11. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 19-20.
  12. ^ Seecharan 2000, p. 27.
  13. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 17.
  14. ^ a b Paddington 1995.
  15. ^ Robinson 2006a, p. 21.
  16. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 27.
  17. ^ Dalleo 2011, p. 165.
  18. ^ Brown 1986.
  19. ^ Trevis 1989, p. 68.
  20. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 28.
  21. ^ a b c d e Robinson 2006b, p. 29.
  22. ^ Robinson 2005, p. 43.
  23. ^ a b c Anonymous.
  24. ^ Robinson 2006b, p. 37.
  25. ^ Anonymous 1970, p. 1. Cited in Robinson 2006a, p. 16
  26. ^ Robinson 2006a, p. 12.
  27. ^ a b Robinson 2006a, p. 13.
  28. ^ Roopnaraine 2000, p. 55.
  29. ^ Andrew Stone, University of Hunger"Inspiring Poetry - Review of , Socialist Review.
  30. ^ Belafonte 2005.




  • The Hill of Fire Glows Red, Miniature Poets, 1951.
  • The Kind Eagle, privately printed, 1952.
  • The Hidden Man, privately printed, 1952.
  • Poems of Resistance from British Guiana, Lawrence and Wishart, 1954.
  • Poems of Shape and Motion, privately printed, 1955.
  • Jail Me Quickly, privately printed, 1963.
  • Poems of Succession, New Beacon, 1977.
  • Poems of Affinity, Release, 1980.
  • Selected Poems, Demerara, 1989.
  • University of Hunger: Collected Poems and Selected Prose. Ed. Gemma Robinson. Bloodaxe, 2006.

Select bibliography

At the Live from Lincoln Center jazz concert for the victims of Hurricane Katrina, Danny Glover quoted some lines of Carter's, bringing him to public attention in North America for the first time in the twenty-first century.[30]

Long seen as primarily a poet who touched on themes of politics, resistance, and protest, his later poems were often highly personal. He is best known, however, for a powerful protest poem of the 1960s, "I come from the nigger yard of yesterday".[29]

His collection Poems of Resistance, published in 1954, established his reputation as a powerful moral and political voice.

Poetry and critical reception

[28] In 1992 Carter took part in a Guyanese Writers Tour, in the UK, with

When disagreement in the PPP led to a split in the party and the founding of a rival party, the Booker (a multinational company and owner of Guyana's sugar estates).[23] Following the declaration of Guyana's Independence in May 1966, Carter resigned from Booker and joined the PNC as Minister of Information and Culture in 1967.[24] In 1966-67 he represented Guyana at the United Nations.[7] Concerned about the way in which the PNC government was developing, Carter resigned from this position - and indeed from governmental politics - in November 1970, remarking that he wished to live "simply as a poet, remaining with the people".[25] From 1970 to 1978 he returned to Booker once again, resigning for the last time in 1978 to become a Lecturer in Creative writing and Artist in Residence at the University of Guyana.[26] During this time he wrote Poems of Succession which was published in 1977 by New Beacon Books. In 1978 Carter was badly beaten when he took part in a demonstration against the PNC and their refusal to hold elections.[23] Politically, Carter's sympathy lay with the Working People's Alliance of Eusi Kwayana and Walter Rodney during this time, although he never became a party-member.[14]

[9] His second child, Sonia, was born shortly after his release.[21] In June 1954 he was arrested once again for taking part in a PPP procession, and was imprisoned for six months, until December that year. [21][22], making Carter one of the first Caribbean poets to be published outside of the Caribbean.Lawrence and Wishart was published in London by the Marxist publishing house Poems of Resistance from British Guiana The restriction orders placed upon him lasted until 1957. In May 1954, [21] In 1953, Carter left the civil service and stood for the PPP in

[16] Carter married Phyllis Howard in 1953, and their first child, Keith, was born later that year. [15] (under the pseudonym M. Black).Thunder He published his second poem, "The Indian Woman", in the same year, in the PPP journal [14] [9].Cheddi Jagan (PPP), led by People's Progressive Party In 1950 Carter became one of the founding members of the socialist and anti-colonial [13].Kyk-Over-Al's literary journal A. J. Seymour 1948 saw the first publication of Carter's poetry, when a "fragment" of his poem "An Ode to Midnight" was printed in [12][11] On leaving Queen's College, Carter decided not to go to university and, instead, joined the civil service where he worked for the Post Office and then for the Prison Service.[10]

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