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Martin E. Green

Martin Edwin Green
File:Martin E. Green.jpg
Born (1815-06-03)June 3, 1815
Fauquier County, Virginia
Died June 27, 1863(1863-06-27) (aged 48)
Vicksburg, Mississippi
Place of burial Vicksburg Cedar Hill Cemetery, Vicksburg, Mississippi
Allegiance  Confederate States of America
Service/branch  Confederate States Army
Years of service 1861–63 (MSG/CSA)
Rank Brigadier General
Battles/wars American Civil War
- Battle of Athens (1861)
- Battle of Lexington I
- Battle of Pea Ridge
- Battle of Iuka
- Battle of Corinth II
- Battle of Champion Hill
- Battle of Vicksburg

Martin Edwin Green (June 3, 1815 – June 27, 1863) was a Confederate brigadier general in the American Civil War, and a key organizer of the Missouri State Guard in northern Missouri.

Early life

Green was born in Fauquier County, Virginia. In 1836 he and his young bride moved to Lewis County, Missouri where he and his brothers established a sawmill. He became a prominent Democrat and Judge of the Lewis County Court. His brother was Missouri's United States Senator James S. Green.

Civil War

At the outbreak of the war in 1861, Green was a leading secessionist in Northeast Missouri. Following a July 4 riot at Canton, Missouri Judge Green summoned pro-Southern citizens to a training camp on the Fabius River under the auspices of the district's Missouri State Guard. He formed this mass into a cavalry regiment and Joseph C. Porter served as the Lieutenant Colonel.

Green went on the offensive in Northeast Missouri attempting to scatter David Moore's Union Home Guard regiment. Green's much larger force included some artillery and struck Moore at Athens. Green's raw recruits were repulsed and retreated from the field.

Green and his regiment participated in the successful attack on Lexington in September 1861 and at the defeat at Pea Ridge (or Elkhorn Tavern), March 1862. They also were present at the defeats at Iuka and Corinth.

Promotion and death

Green was commissioned a Confederate States brigardier general from July 21, 1862. He commanded a brigade of Bowen's Division in the Siege of Vicksburg. During the siege he was slightly wounded on June 25, 1863. On June 27, 1863 he was struck in the head and killed by a bullet from a Federal sharpshooter. According to the NPS Confederate Soldier listing at Vicksburg, a footnote remarks he was interred at the George Marshall Lot; reportedly he is buried in Grave # 542 Vicksburg Cedar Hill Cemetery.

See also

References

  • Anders, Leslie; 'Farthest North' The Historian and the Battle of Athens., Missouri Historical Review, January 1975.
  • Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. LSU Press, 1987.

External links

  • http://www.nps.gov/vick/historyculture/confederate-interments-g.htm NPS Listing
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