World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Martin Tranmæl

Article Id: WHEBN0004423284
Reproduction Date:

Title: Martin Tranmæl  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, Ole Colbjørnsen, Peder Furubotn, Jeanette Olsen, Communist Party of Norway
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Martin Tranmæl

Martin Tranmæl
Martin Tranmæl

Martin Olsen Tranmæl (27 June 1879 – 1 July 1967) was a radical Norwegian socialist leader.


Martin Tranmæl grew up in a middle-sized farm in Melhus, in Sør-Trøndelag county, Norway. He started working as a painter and construction worker. In the early 20th century, Tranmæl lived for a while in the USA where he came into contact with the American workers movement. When he moved back to Norway he became active in the Norwegian Labour Party where he soon became one of the main leaders of the Party's left wing and worked for many different socialist papers.

Tranmæl became a Twenty-one Conditions for membership. Eventually Tranmæl led the Norwegian Labour Party out of the Comintern after a conflict with its chairman Zinoviev in 1923. The Party was split in two and the Communist Party of Norway was formed that year by people who wanted to stay in the Comintern.

He participated in the Left Communist Youth League's military strike action of 1924. He agitated for it through the newspaper Arbeiderbladet, and was convicted for this crime and sentenced to 5 months days of prison.[1]

During World War II and the Nazi occupation of Norway, Tranmæl lived in exile in Stockholm, Sweden. He had many friends there like Zeth Höglund and Ture Nerman. After the war he returned to Norway, and while still a socialist, had more moderate views and supported the Norwegian membership in NATO in 1949.

Selected works

  • De faglige kampmidler og organisasjonsformer, (1911)
  • Hvad fagopposisjonen vil, (1913)
  • Hvem vil borgerkrig?, (1915)
  • Socialisme og de socialistiske fremgangslinjer, (1918)
  • Revolutionær fagbevægelse, (1920)
  • Cellebetragtninger, (1922)
  • Arbeiderungdom! Et alvorsord fra fengslet, arbeiderungdommen og kommunismen, (1925)


  • Olsen, Bjorn Gunnar (1991) Tranmæl og hans menn
  • Zachariassen, Aksel (1979) Martin Tranmæl
  • Lie, Haakon (1988) Martin Tranmæl


External links

  • Photographs of Martin Olsen Tranmæl
Party political offices
Preceded by
Magnus Nilssen
Party secretary of the Labour Party
Succeeded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Preceded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Party secretary of the Labour Party
Succeeded by
Einar Gerhardsen
Media offices
Preceded by
Olaf Scheflo
Chief editor of Arbeiderbladet
(publication stopped 1940–1945)
Succeeded by
Olav Larssen
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.