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Massachusetts Greyhound Protection Act

 

Massachusetts Greyhound Protection Act

The Greyhound Protection Act is a Massachusetts statute that gradually eliminated commercial dog racing by 2010. It was enacted as Question 3 on the November 4, 2008 ballot in Massachusetts.

It shut down the state's two tracks, Raynham-Taunton Greyhound Park and Wonderland Greyhound Park in Revere, by January 1, 2010. Violators face minimum fines of $20,000 by the State Racing Commission.

Contents

  • Specific provisions in the initiative 1
  • Legislative history 2
    • Past initiative 2.1
    • Petition drive 2.2
    • Lawsuit to strike from ballot 2.3
  • Results 3
  • Supporters 4
    • Arguments for initiative 4.1
    • Funding 4.2
  • Opponents 5
    • Arguments against initiative 5.1
    • Newspaper editorial boards against 5.2
    • Funding 5.3
  • See also 6
  • Source 7
  • External links 8
  • References 9

Specific provisions in the initiative

Details of the statute are:

  • Prohibition: Any dog racing or racing meeting in Massachusetts where any form of betting or wagering on the speed or ability of dogs occurs.
  • Regulation: The State Racing Commission is prohibited from accepting or approving any application or request for racing dates for dog racing.
  • Penalty: Any person violating the law will be required to pay a civil penalty of not less than $20,000 to the Commission, to be used for the Commission’s administrative purposes, subject to appropriation by the state Legislature.
  • Interpretation: All existing parts of the chapter of the state’s General Laws concerning dog and horse racing meetings will be interpreted as if they do not refer to dogs.
  • Effective date: These changes took effect January 1, 2010.
  • Severability: If any of its parts were declared invalid, the other parts would stay in effect.

Legislative history

Past initiative

A similar initiative made the ballot in 2000, the racing industry opposed it with television ads arguing that the 2000 initiative would lead to the loss of 1,500 jobs along with $10 million in pari-mutuel betting and other taxes.

Petition drive

Supporters submitted 45,000 signatures to qualify the measure for the November 2008 ballot on June 17. The state legislature had until the first Wednesday in May to make the proposals law. Without the legislature's support, proponents had until June 18 to gather another 11,099 signatures.[1] The proponents claimed to have gathered 100,000 signatures, guaranteeing that the initiative would meet the requirements.[2]

Lawsuit to strike from ballot

Opponents filed a lawsuit in March saying the measure is unfit for the ballot because it singles out the two tracks, when it should apply to the whole state. The Supreme Judicial Court took the matter under advisement after a hearing May 7.[3]

On July 15, the court rejected the challenge by the initiative's opponents, which means that unless other lawsuits are filed and are successful, the initiative will appear on the November ballot.

The high court rejected the claim that the initiative shouldn't be on a statewide ballot because it was about two local racetracks by saying that racing amounts to a statewide concern.[4]

Results

Greyhound Protection Act[5][6]
Choice Votes %
Referendum passed Yes 1,662,352 56.05
No 1,303,708 43.95
Valid votes 2,966,060 95.59
Invalid or blank votes 136,935 4.41
Total votes 3,102,995 100.00
Registered voters and turnout 4,220,488 73.52

Supporters

The Committee to Protect Dogs is the official ballot committee of the initiative.

In addition to Committee to Protect Dogs, the Greyhound Protection Act has been endorsed by:

Arguments for initiative

Arguments in favor of the initiative that have been made by its supporters include:[10]

  • In late 2003 and early 2004, a greyhound at Wonderland Greyhound Park tested positive for cocaine.
  • The claim that thousands of dogs suffer inhumane conditions at Wonderland Greyhound Park and Raynham Park, Massachusetts' two racetracks, by being kept confined for 20 hours every day in small cages barely large enough for the animals to stand up or turn around in.
  • The claim that over 800 dogs have suffered serious injuries while competing at Massachusetts racetracks, including broken bones, head injuries, and paralysis.
  • The dog racing industry has experienced a "catastrophic economic decline" in the past two decades, which has led to some racetracks seeking assistance from politicians, including direct subsidies, tax breaks, special trust funds, and expanded gambling rights.
  • It requires over 1000 dogs to operate a Massachusetts race track.

Funding

According to campaign finance reports, as of November 1, 2008 the Committee to Protect Dogs has raised approximately $903,000 and has $9,169.09 remaining.[11] Grey2k shows no filings for 2008. Between 2005 - 2007 they filed as having received no donations or expenditures and $18,490.21 in liabilities although they appear to have donated approx $55,000 dollars and well over $100,000 in staff and services to the committee since 2005.[12]

Opponents

The official ballot committee opposed to the initiative is The Massachusetts Animal Interest Coalition which is mainly made up of the owners of the two tracks that would be shut down, including George Carney, who has owned the Raynham-Taunton track for the past 40 years, and Charles Sarkis, owner of the Wonderland track.

Arguments against initiative

Arguments that have been made against the initiative include:

  • That supporters of the initiative use photographs of hurt and emaciated greyhounds from other states to make its case and that Massachusetts dogs were healthy and well treated.
  • there will be a loss of jobs that support the Massachusetts economy.

Newspaper editorial boards against

  • The Boston Globe [13]

Funding

According to campaign finance reports, as of November 1, 2008 The Massachusetts Animal Interest Coalition has raised approximately $436,000 and has $7,720.38 remaining. It also received approx $215,000 in inkind donations such as staff, postage, etc.. mainly from the 2 race tracks. They also have an additional $3,000 in liabilities.[14]

See also

Source

The original version of this article was taken from Ballotpedia's article about the Massachusetts Greyhound Protection Act

External links

  • Attorney General's statement of the petition
  • GREY2K USA - in favour of the Act
  • The Committee to Protect Dogs - in favour of the Act
  • Vote No on Question 3 - against the Act
  • Protect Dogs and Our Jobs - against the Act

References

  1. ^ "Four ballot petitions clear 1st obstacle," Nov 24, 2007Boston.com:
  2. ^ "Animal Protection Group Turns in 100,000 Signatures on Greyhound Protection Act Petition"HSUS:
  3. ^ "Supporters amass signatures for dog racing ban," June 18, 2008Boston.com:
  4. ^ "Court rejects challenge to dog-racing initiative", July 15, 2008Associated Press:
  5. ^ "2008 Return of Votes Complete" (PDF).  
  6. ^ "Enrollment Breakdown as of 15 October 2008" (PDF).  
  7. ^ Springfield Republican
  8. ^ Blue Mass Group
  9. ^ "Endorsements"The Committee to Protect Dogs:
  10. ^ "Report on Commercial Dog Racing in Massachusetts"Committee to Protect Dogs
  11. ^ "campaign finance reports"Committee to protect dogs
  12. ^ "campaign finance reports"Grey2k
  13. ^ "Editorial"Boston Globe
  14. ^ "campaign finance reports"The Massachusetts Animal Interest Coalition
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