World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Matabeleland North Province

Article Id: WHEBN0000447928
Reproduction Date:

Title: Matabeleland North Province  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of airports in Zimbabwe, Lupane District, Tsholotsho District, Geography of Zimbabwe, Matabeleland North Province
Collection: 1974 Establishments in Rhodesia, Matabeleland North Province, Provinces of Zimbabwe
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Matabeleland North Province

Matabeleland North Province
Province
Matabeleland North, Province of Zimbabwe
Matabeleland North, Province of Zimbabwe
Country Zimbabwe
Province Matabeleland North
Capital Lupane
Area
 • Total 75,025 km2 (28,967 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 749,017
 • Density 10.0/km2 (26/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Matabeleland North is a province in western Zimbabwe. It borders the provinces of Midlands and Mashonaland West to the east and northeast respectively, and the province of Matabeleland South and the city of Bulawayo to the south. Its northern border is defined by the Zambezi river, while its western border is shared with the country of Botswana. It has an area of 75,025 km² and a population of 749,017 (2012). Lupane is the capital of the province. Hwange and Victoria Falls are the only towns in this province.

The province gets its name of Matabeleland from the ethnicity of Matabele (Ndebele) people who inhabit the area.

The province of Matabeleland North was created when the former province of Matabeleland was separated into Matabeleland North and Matabeleland South in 1974.[1] In 1997, the province underwent another territory change when the province's former capital city of Bulawayo split from the rest of the province.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Government 2
    • Districts 2.1
    • Elections 2.2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Geography

The region of Matabeleland, of which Matabeleland North is a part of, is characterized by generally inhospitable land when compared to other parts of Zimbabwe.[2] It has lower rainfall than provinces such as Mashonaland, and is plagued by water scarcity in general. The land is also less fertile than other provinces, as commercial crops cannot be grown and rural farmers usually cannot produce enough maize to feed their families. However, during the colonial era, large numbers of cattle ranches were formed and cattle ranching has proved to be more successful than growing crops in the province. The upper reaches of the Nata River flow through Matabeleland North before entering Botswana to discharge to the Makgadikgadi Pans.[3]

The region does have a significant amount of other resources like gold, limestone, methane gas, coal, and timber. As seen in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe's largest game reserve, the area is also known for its substantial wildlife population. However, the most famous geographic feature of Matebeleland North is Victoria Falls, the world's largest waterfalls that are located on the Zambezi river on the northern border of the province.

Districts of Matabeleland North

Government

Districts

Matabeleland North is divided into 7 districts:

Elections

The region is regarded as a very independent region when it comes to politics.[2] In the most recent parliamentary election held in March 2008, both factions of the MDC won a total of eight seats from the Matabeleland North delegation to the House of Assembly, while ZANU-PF won four seats and one other seat was won by an independent. In the Senate, the MDC won a combined five seats and ZANU-PF won one seat.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ Zimbabwe Provinces
  2. ^ a b Heinrich Böll Stiftung | Afrika
  3. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) , The Megalithic Portal, ed. A. BurnhamMakgadikgadi
  4. ^ Kubatana - Archive - Results - 'Harmonised' elections 29 March 2008: House of Assembly and Senate
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.