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May 2004 lunar eclipse

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Title: May 2004 lunar eclipse  
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Subject: October 2004 lunar eclipse, Lunar Saros 131, October 2005 lunar eclipse, April 2005 lunar eclipse, May 2003 lunar eclipse
Collection: 2004 in Science, 21St-Century Lunar Eclipses, Lunar Eclipses
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May 2004 lunar eclipse

Total Lunar Eclipse
May 4–5, 2004 [1]

Haifa, Israel

The moon's path through the Earth's shadow.
Series (and member) 131 (33 of 72)
Duration (hr:mn:sc)
Totality 01:16:20
Partial 03:23:56
Penumbral 05:18:44
Contacts
P1 17:50:54 UTC
U1 18:48:20 UTC
U2 19:52:07 UTC
Greatest 20:30:17 UTC
U3 21:08:27 UTC
U4 22:12:15 UTC
P4 23:09:37 UTC

The moon's path across shadow in Libra.

A total lunar eclipse took place on May 4, 2004, the first of two total lunar eclipses in 2004, the second being on October 28, 2004.

Contents

  • Visibility 1
  • Related lunar eclipses 2
    • Lunar year series 2.1
    • Saros series 2.2
    • Metonic series 2.3
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Visibility

It was visible throughout most of Europe and Asia, eastern Africa, Indian Ocean and western South America including the Pacific Ocean. The eclipse seen in eastern Asia before sunrise and western South America after sunset. The eclipse was seen over and the Philippines at dawn. Mid Eclipse was visible during moonset in Eastern Australia.

Related lunar eclipses

Lunar year series

It is the third of four lunar year cycles, repeating every 354 days.

Lunar eclipse series sets from 2002–2005
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros
Photo
Date
View
Type
Chart
Saros
Photo
Date
View
Type
Chart
111 2002 May 26
penumbral
116
2002 Nov 20
penumbral
121
2003 May 16
total
126
2003 Nov 09
total
131
2004 May 04
total
136
2004 Oct 28
total
141
2005 Apr 24
penumbral
146
2005 Oct 17
partial
Last set 2002 Jun 24 Last set 2001 Dec 30
Next set 2006 Mar 14 Next set 2006 Sep 7


Saros series

Lunar Saros series 131, has 72 lunar eclipses.

This eclipse series began in AD 1427 with a partial eclipse at the southern edge of the Earth's shadow when the Moon was close to its descending node. Each successive Saros cycle, the Moon's orbital path is shifted northward with respect to the Earth's shadow, with the first total eclipse occurring in 1950. For the following 252 years, total eclipses occur, with the central eclipse being predicted to occur in 2078. The first partial eclipse after this is predicted to occur in the year 2220, and the final partial eclipse of the series will occur in 2707. The total lifetime of the lunar Saros series 131 is 1280 years.

Because of the ⅓ fraction of days in a Saros cycle, the visibility of each eclipse will differ for an observer at a given fixed locale. For the lunar Saros series 131, the first total eclipse of 1950 had its best visibility for viewers in Eastern Europe and the Middle East because mid-eclipse was at 20:44 UT. The following eclipse in the series occurred approximately 8 hours later in the day with mid-eclipse at 4:47 UT, and was best seen from North America and South America. The third total eclipse occurred approximately 8 hours later in the day than the second eclipse with mid-eclipse at 12:43 UT, and had its best visibility for viewers in the Western Pacific, East Asia, Australia and New Zealand. This cycle of visibility repeats from the initiation to termination of the series, with minor variations.

Greatest First

The greatest eclipse of the series will occur on 2094 Jun 28, lasting 102 minutes.[1]
Penumbral Partial Total Central
1427 May 10 1553 July 25 1950 Apr 2 2022 May 16
Last
Central Total Partial Penumbral
2148 Jul 31 2202 Sep 3 2563 Apr 9 2707 Jul 7
1901–2100
1914 Mar 12 1932 Mar 22 1950 Apr 2
1968 Apr 13 1986 Apr 24 2004 May 4
2022 May 16 2040 May 26 2058 Jun 6
2076 Jun 17 2094 Jun 28

Metonic series

The Metonic cycle repeats nearly exactly every 19 years and represents a Saros cycle plus one lunar year. Because it occurs on the same calendar date, the earth's shadow will in nearly the same location relative to the background stars.

Ascending node Descending node
  1. 1966 May 4 - Penumbral (111)
  2. 1985 May 4 - Total (121)
  3. 2004 May 4 - Total (131)
  4. 2023 May 5 - Penumbral (141)
  1. 1966 Oct 29 - Penumbral (116)
  2. 1985 Oct 28 - Total (126)
  3. 2004 Oct 28 - Total (136)
  4. 2023 Oct 28 - Partial (146)

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Listing of Eclipses of cycle 131

External links

  • NASA
  • [2] APOD 2004 May 6, A Lunar Eclipse Mosaic, from Greece
  • [3] APOD 2004 May 8, Good Morning Sydney, Sydney Australia
  • Photos
  • Spaceweather.com: Lunar eclipse gallery


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