World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Megara (mythology)

Article Id: WHEBN0003563688
Reproduction Date:

Title: Megara (mythology)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Heracles, Herakles (Euripides), Ad astra (phrase), Creon, Iole
Collection: Ancient Thebans, Heracles, Princesses in Greek Mythology, Theban Mythology
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Megara (mythology)

In Greek mythology, Megara (; Greek: Μεγάρα) was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. In reward for Heracles' defending Thebes from the Minyans at Orchomenus in single-handed, Creon offered his daughter Megara to Heracles,[1] and he brought her home to the house of Amphitryon.[2] She bore him a son and a daughter,[3] whom Heracles killed when Hera struck him with temporary madness; in their hero-tombs in Thebes they were venerated as the Chalkoarai.[4] In some sources Heracles slew Megara too,[5] in others, she was given to Iolaus when Heracles left Thebes forever. She was mother of Leipephilene by Iolaus.[6]

In some traditions, in order to atone his guilt, he was forced to perform the Twelve Labours, but in Euripides' tragedy, Heracles' return from his encounter with Cerberus in Hades begins the agon.

Notes

  1. ^ Odyssey 11.269.
  2. ^ Euripides, Madness of Heracles.
  3. ^ The number of Megara's sons varies according to the source; the Theban tradition made them eight (Kereny 1959:185f notes Pindar's Fourth Isthmian Ode) but Euripides' Heracles reduced them to three, possibly for the exigencies of his stage tradition, Kereny notes (Kerenyi 1959:1186).
  4. ^ "Those on whom fell a curse of bronze" (Kerenyi 1959:186).
  5. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 2.6.1.
  6. ^ Plutarch, Moralia "The Dialogue on Love / Erotikos / Amatoria", Loeb, V. XII, p.339

References

  • Kerenyi, Karl, The Heroes of the Greeks (Thames and Hudson) 1959.

External links

  • Megara, Hercules' first wife
Preceded by
---
Wives of Heracles Succeeded by
Omphale
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.