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Title: Melur  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Madurai district, Tirunelveli, Madurai Tamil, Cities and towns in Madurai district, National Highway 45B (India)(old numbering)
Collection: Cities and Towns in Madurai District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Melur is located in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Madurai
 • Type Second Grade Municipality
 • Body Melur Municipality
 • Panchayat A.Vallalapatty
 • Total 664.9 km2 (256.7 sq mi)
Elevation 149 m (489 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 40,017
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration TN-59
Website .com.meluronlinewww

Melur is a town and a municipality in the Madurai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Melur is called Thaikramam ('Mother of Villages'). It is the biggest taluk within the Madurai District. As of 2011, the town had a population of 40,017.

Melur is a manufacturer and exporter of ploughs. Granite production is an important industry; granite from Melur is exported around the world. Situated within a largely agricultural area, most of the people living around Melur are employed in agriculture, chiefly in the cultivation of rice.


  • Geography 1
  • Demographics 2
  • Religion 3
  • Transport 4
  • Politics 5
  • About Melur 6
  • References 7


Melur has an average elevation of 149 metres (489 ft).


According to the 2011 census, Melur had a population of 40,017 with a sex-ratio of 961 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[1] A total of 4,488 were under the age of six, constituting 2,353 males and 2,135 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 12.33% and .39% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 79.47%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[1] The town had a total of 9872 households. There were a total of 14,126 workers, comprising 355 cultivators, 1,493 main agricultural labourers, 295 in household industries, 10,470 other workers, 1,513 marginal workers, 33 marginal cultivators, 230 marginal agricultural labourers, 88 marginal workers in household industries and 1,162 other marginal workers.[2]


The local religion involves the Lord Shiva temple and the goddess Draupathi, who was wife of the Pandavas. Two important events are Biman–Keesakan fight and the Pookkuli Festival. In the first event, one person will be acting as Bima and another as Keesakan. Keesakan tries to run away from Bima, and the latter will chase him and kill him. The Pookkuli (walking on ignited coals) festival is celebrated every year by the Draupathi Amman Temple. On the Pookkuli day, devotees who have offered prayers to the goddess will perform fire walking. Pathinettankudi manjuu verattu is celebrated on every mattupongal day.

The Naagammal Temple Festival is celebrated every year. Poochorithal is the main event of the festival. Santhana Koodu Festival is celebrated in the mosques every year. The Ealai Katha Amman Temple festival, Kottakudi Eruthu Kattu, and the Ayyanar Temple Puravi Eduppu Festival are also celebrated around Melur. The Kathapillai street Kaliamman festival is celebrated every year in June.

The majority of Melur township people follow Hinduism and they are devotees of local village god and goddess Church of South India.

There is an Annadana madam named as Arutperumjyoti in Melur nearby Ganesh Theatre and this NGO trust offers lunch regularly for the poor and orphans.


Madurai Airport is the nearest airport for Melur, which operates domestic flight services such as Air India, Jet Airways and SpiceJet.

Melur has a bus stand, which is used by TNSTC and private operators. This is situated inside the town on Madurai- Trichy NH45B. Melur has bus transportation to Madurai, Kottanathampatty, Chennai, Trichy, Sivaganga, Dindigul, Coimbatore, Karaikudi, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli, Virudhunagar, Tanjore, Rajapalayam, Pattukkottai and all around the neighbouring districts. Madurai Junction is the nearest railway station.


Melur assembly constituency is part of Madurai (Lok Sabha constituency).[3] The major political parties in Melur are ADMK, Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam, Indian National Congress, and Desiya Murpokku Dravida Kazhagam. Kakkan (late), State Minister during Kamarajar period was born in Melur. A statue is laid in Chekkadi.

R.Saami who have been contested and elected as MLA of Melur town.

R.Saami works for AIADMK party.

About Melur

Melur is one of the largest constituencies of Madurai district.The chief occupation of this area people is Agriculture.Few people have been working as daily wages working as masons and assistants in home construction.


  1. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Melur(05835)". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Tamil Nadu. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-10-11. 
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