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Mercer (automobile)


Mercer (automobile)

Mercer Automobile Company
Automobile Manufacturing
Industry Automotive
Founded 1909
Defunct 1925
Headquarters New Britain, Connecticut, United States
Area served
United States
Products Vehicles
Automotive parts
7.4 litre 4-cylinder Mercer 450 at Goodwood Festival of Speed 2009

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Mercer was an American automobile manufacturer from 1909 until 1925. It was notable for its high-performance cars, especially the Type 35 Raceabout.


  • Early history 1
  • Type 35R Raceabout 2
  • Demise 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early history

1916 Mercer 22/72 Touring
1917 Mercer Raceabout

There was considerable talent and backing for the Mercer Automobile Company; Ferdinand Roebling, son of John A. Roebling, was the president, and his nephew Washington A. Roebling II was the general manager. The Roeblings had extensive success with wire rope manufacturing and suspension bridge design; engineering was not a recent concept for them. The secretary-treasurer was John L. Kuser, who, with his brothers Frederick and Anthony, had amassed a fortune from banking, bottling and brewing.

Washington A. Roebling II was friends with William Walter, who had been making a small number of high-quality automobiles in New York City. The Kusers owned a vacant brewery in Hamilton, New Jersey, and brought Walter and his car factory there in 1906. However, Walter found himself deeply in debt by 1909, so the Roeblings and Kusers bought him out in a foreclosure sale. They changed the company name to Mercer, named after Mercer County, New Jersey. Talented designers and race drivers contributed to the new effort, and the focus became proving their product in competition.

Type 35R Raceabout

Mercer 35 Raceabout
A fenderless 1912 Mercer 35R Raceabout at the 2007 Goodwood Festival of Speed. Most racing Mercers would have looked like this in period
Manufacturer Mercer
Production 1910[1]-1914[2]
Assembly Trenton, New Jersey[3]
Designer Finley Robertson Porter[3]
Body and chassis
Class sports car
Body style roadster
Layout FMR layout
Engine 293 cu in (4,800 cc) T-head inline-four engine,
55 horsepower (41 kW)[4]
Transmission 3-speed manual (1911-1913)
4-speed manual (1913-1914)[1]
transmission separate from engine and from final drive[4]
Wheelbase 108 in (2,700 mm)[5]
Curb weight 2,850 lb (1,290 kg)[5]
Successor 1915 Mercer Raceabout[2]

The result was one of the most admired sports cars of the decade; the 1910 Type-35R Raceabout, a stripped-down, two-seat speedster, designed to be "safely and consistently" driven at over 70 mph (110 km/h). It was capable of over 90 mph (140 km/h). The Raceabout's inline 4-cylinder T-head engine displaced 293 cubic inches (4,800 cc) and developed 55 horsepower (41 kW) at 1,650 revolutions per minute.[4] It won five of the six 1911 races it was entered in, losing only the first Indianapolis 500.[1] Hundreds of racing victories followed. The Raceabout became one of the premier racing thoroughbreds of the era- highly coveted for its quality construction and exceptional handling.

In the 1914 road races in Elgin, Illinois, two Raceabouts collided and wrecked. Spencer Wishart, a champion racer who always wore shirt and tie under his overalls, was killed along with the car's mechanic, John Jenter. This prompted the company to cancel its racing program.[6] The Raceabout's designer left the company that year, and subsequent designs did not live up to the glory and appeal the Type-35R had earned.

Harold Higgins (far left) and workers, including driver Eddie Pullen - tool room at Mercer Automobile Co., c. 1910. Photo donated by Janelle Higgins Jones

Earlier in February 1914, Eddie Pullen, who worked at the factory from 1910, won the American Grand Prize held at Santa Monica, California, by racing for 403 mi (649 km) in a Raceabout. Later that same year, Eddie also won The Corona Road Race held in Corona, California, on November 26. For winning the 300-mile (480 km) big car event, Pullen won $4,000 and an additional $2,000 for setting a new world road race record. His average speed of 86.5 mph (139.21 km/h) broke the record of 78.72 mph (126.69 km/h) set by Teddy Tetzlaff at Santa Monica in 1912.

A similar model 1913 Mercer Raceabout, known as a Model 35J, is on permanent display at the Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum in Philadelphia, PA, USA.[7]


In October, 1919, after the last involved Roebling brother died (Washington A. Roebling II perished in the 1912 Locomobile & Crane-Simplex marques. Within a few years, the cost of these acquisitions and the economic recession took a financial toll on Hare's Motors. Locomobile was liquidated and purchased by Durant Motors in 1922, and Mercer produced its last vehicles in 1925, after some 5,000 had been built.[8]

An independent effort to revive the marque in 1931 resulted in only 3 vehicles being constructed and displayed.

The company is currently owned by Fred Hoch of Schaeffer & Long. [8] [9] [10] [11]


  1. ^ a b c The Auto Editors of Consumer Guide. "1911-1915 Mercer Raceabout Model 35-R". HowStuffWorks. Discovery Communications. p. 2. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  2. ^ a b The Auto Editors of Consumer Guide. "1911-1915 Mercer Raceabout Model 35-R". HowStuffWorks. Discovery Communications. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  3. ^ a b The Auto Editors of Consumer Guide. "1911-1915 Mercer Raceabout Model 35-R". HowStuffWorks. Discovery Communications. p. 1. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  4. ^ a b c Rogliatti, Gianni (1973).  
  5. ^ a b The Auto Editors of Consumer Guide. "1911-1915 Mercer Raceabout Model 35-R". HowStuffWorks. Discovery Communications. p. 4. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 
  6. ^ "Discontinue racing".  
  7. ^ Simeone, Frederick. "1913 Mercer Raceabout". Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  8. ^ a b
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^

External links

  • Mercer - Classic Car History
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