World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Mercer County, Illinois

Mercer County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Mercer County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded January 13, 1825
Named for Hugh Mercer
Seat Aledo
Largest city Aledo
Area
 • Total 569 sq mi (1,474 km2)
 • Land 561 sq mi (1,453 km2)
 • Water 7.5 sq mi (19 km2), 1.3%
Population
 • (2010) 16,434
 • Density 29/sq mi (11/km²)
Congressional district 17th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.mercercountyilwww

Mercer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 16,434.[1] Its county seat is Aledo.[2]

Mercer County is included in the Davenport-Moline-Rock Island, IA-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.[3]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate and weather 2.1
    • Major highways 2.2
    • Adjacent counties 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Communities 4
    • Cities 4.1
    • Villages 4.2
    • Unincorporated communities 4.3
    • Townships 4.4
  • See also 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • Further reading 7
  • External links 8

History

Mercer County is named for Hugh Mercer (1726–1777), a physician and general during the American Revolution who died from wounds suffered at the Battle of Princeton.

In May 1812, Congress passed an act which set aside lands in Arkansas, Michigan, and Illinois as payment to volunteer soldiers in the War of 1812. Mercer County was part of this "Military Tract."

Seven years after Illinois became a state, Mercer County was founded. It was formed from unorganized territory near Black Hawk War.[4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 569 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 561 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 7.5 square miles (19 km2) (1.3%) is water.[5]

Climate and weather

Aledo, Illinois
Climate chart ()
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.3
 
 
29
11
 
 
1.3
 
 
35
17
 
 
2.4
 
 
47
26
 
 
3.7
 
 
61
37
 
 
3.9
 
 
72
48
 
 
4.4
 
 
81
59
 
 
4.2
 
 
84
62
 
 
4.3
 
 
82
60
 
 
3.3
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.7
 
 
64
40
 
 
2.5
 
 
47
28
 
 
1.9
 
 
34
17
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Aledo have ranged from a low of 11 °F (−12 °C) in January to a high of 84 °F (29 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.27 inches (32 mm) in January to 4.43 inches (113 mm) in June.[6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,434 people, 6,734 households, and 4,724 families residing in the county.[12] The population density was 29.3 inhabitants per square mile (11.3/km2). There were 7,358 housing units at an average density of 13.1 per square mile (5.1/km2).[5] The racial makeup of the county was 98.3% white, 0.3% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% American Indian, 0.3% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.9% of the population.[12] In terms of ancestry, 25.9% were German, 18.2% were Irish, 11.3% were English, 9.4% were Swedish, and 7.4% were American.[13]

Of the 6,734 households, 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families, and 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 43.7 years.[12]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,909 and the median income for a family was $62,025. Males had a median income of $46,136 versus $30,392 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,332. About 8.2% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.2% of those age 65 or over.[14]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Mercer County is divided into fifteen townships:

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Mercer County Fact Sheet, Illinois State Archives. http://www.cyberdriveillinois.com/departments/archives/irad/mercer.html
  5. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County".  
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Aledo, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data".  
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates".  

Further reading

  • William C. Ives, "Abraham Lincoln in Mercer County, Illinois, 1832, 1834, 1858," Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society, vol. 101 (Fall–Winter 2008), pp. 329–347.
  • History of Mercer and Henderson Counties, Together with Biographical Matter, Statistics, Etc. Chicago: H.H. Hill and Company, 1882.

External links

  • Mercer County official website
  • Illinois Ancestors Mercer County

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.