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Mercy (cipher)

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Title: Mercy (cipher)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: WikiProject Cryptography, Mercy (disambiguation), Cobra ciphers, Xor-encrypt-xor, Lai-Massey scheme
Collection: Broken Block Ciphers, Feistel Ciphers
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Mercy (cipher)

Designers Paul Crowley
First published April 2000[1]
Derived from WAKE
Cipher detail
Key sizes 128 bits
Block sizes 4096 bits
Structure Feistel network
Rounds 6
Best public cryptanalysis
Scott Fluhrer's differential attack breaks the cipher.[2]

In cryptography, Mercy is a tweakable block cipher designed by Paul Crowley for disk encryption.

The block size is 4096 bits—unusually large for a block cipher, but a standard disk sector size. Mercy uses a 128-bit secret key, along with a 128-bit non-secret tweak for each block. In disk encryption, the sector number would be used as a tweak. Mercy uses a 6-round Feistel network structure with partial key whitening. The round function uses a key-dependent state machine which borrows some structure from the stream cipher WAKE, with key-dependent S-boxes based on the Nyberg S-boxes also used in AES.

Scott Fluhrer has discovered a differential attack that works against the full 6 rounds of Mercy. This attack can even be extended to a seven-round variant.[2]


  1. ^ Paul Crowley, Mercy: A fast large block cipher for disk sector encryption. In Bruce Schneier, editor, Fast Software Encryption: 7th International Workshop, volume 1978 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, pages 49-63, New York, USA, April 2000. Springer-Verlag.
  2. ^ a b Scott Fluhrer (2 April 2006). Cryptanalysis of the Mercy Block Cipher ( 

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