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Mesomycetozoa

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Mesomycetozoa

Mesomycetozoea
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukarya
(Unranked) Opisthokonta
(Unranked) Choanozoa or Holozoa
Class: Mesomycetozoea
Orders

Dermocystida
Ichthyophonida

The Mesomycetozoea (or DRIP clade, or Ichthyosporea) are a small group of protists, mostly parasites of fish and other animals.

Significance

They are not particularly distinctive morphologically, appearing in host tissues as enlarged spheres or ovals containing spores, and most were originally classified in various groups of fungi, protozoa, and algae. However, they form a coherent group on molecular trees, closely related to both animals and fungi and so of interest to biologists studying their origins. In a 2008 study they emerge robustly as the sister-group of the clade Filozoa, which includes the animals.[1]

Philip Donoghue, following x-ray tomography of microfossils of the Ediacaran Doushantuo Formation, has interpreted them as mesomycetozoan spore capsules.[2]


Terminology

The name DRIP is an acronym for the first protozoa identified as members of the group, [3] Cavalier-Smith later treated them as the class Ichthyosporea, since they were all parasites of fish.

Since other new members have been added (e.g. the former fungal orders Eccrinales and Amoebidiales), Mendoza et al. suggested changing the name to Mesomycetozoea, which refers to their evolutionary position.[4] Note the name Mesomycetozoa (without a second e) is also used to refer to this group, but Mendoza et al. use it as an alternate name for the phylum Choanozoa.[5]

References

Template:Eukaryota classification

cs:Mesomycetozoa
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