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Metropolitan Fresno

Metropolitan Fresno, officially Fresno-Madera, CA CSA, is a metropolitan area in the San Joaquin Valley, consisting of Fresno and Madera counties. It is the third largest metropolitan region in the Northern California, behind the Bay Area and Greater Sacramento. It is also the 49th largest CSA in the United States as of 2010 census.[1][2]

Metropolitan Fresno is anchored by Fresno, the fifth largest city in California and the 35th largest in the United States. The metropolitan area's Central Valley location, which is one of the world's most productive agricultural regions, allows a large agricultural economy despite being increasingly urbanized.

Contents

  • Counties 1
  • Overview 2
  • Geography and climate 3
    • Geography 3.1
    • Climate 3.2
  • Cities 4
  • Census-designated places 5
  • Transportation 6
    • Highways and freeways 6.1
    • Air 6.2
    • Public transit 6.3
  • Politics 7
  • References 8

Counties

County name Population (2010 U.S. Census) Land area
Fresno 930,450 5,963 sq mi (15,440 km2)
Madera 150,865 2,136 sq mi (5,530 km2)
Metropolitan Fresno 1,081,315 8,099 sq mi (20,980 km2)

Overview

Downtown Fresno skyline

Metropolitan Fresno, unlike the other metropolitan regions of California, is still largely agricultural and contains a large rural land area and is centered in the San Joaquin Valley. The metropolitan area is located between the larger metropolitan areas of California, bordering the southernmost boundaries of the San Francisco Bay Area in the west and separated from the Greater Sacramento and Greater Los Angeles Areas to the north and south respectively by long distances of rural and farmland. Additionally, the lifestyle and culture of Metropolitan Fresno does not reflect the San Francisco or Sacramento influence as other areas have in Northern California due to distance from the state capital and bordering an unpopulated area of the outskirts of the Bay Area. Instead, Metropolitan Fresno is more influenced by the interior valley region of California although as the area becomes more urbanized, it has become slightly more influenced by the other metropolitan areas of Northern California, particularly the Bay Area.

[4] Fresno County is the largest agricultural county and has the largest concentration of agriculture than any other county in the United States.

Madera County is primarily an agricultural county as well but its cities serve as suburbs of Fresno.

Geography and climate

Geography

Metropolitan Fresno is primarily located in the San Joaquin Valley, which in turn is a part of the larger Central Valley region of California, one of the world's most important agricultural areas. The eastern portions of the area border the Sierra Nevada mountains and the western portions border the Coast Ranges, thus giving the edges of the area higher elevations than the inner valley areas. Several waterways traverse the region, including the San Joaquin and Kings Rivers, Delta–Mendota Canal and Madera Canal. Additionally, the California Aqueduct runs through the area, providing water to crops and is one of the world's longest artificial aqueducts.[5]

Climate

Metropolitan Fresno has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with some semi-arid factors due to its interior location (Köppen Bsh), with mild, moderately wet winters and hot and dry summers. December is the coolest month, with an average of 53.4 °F (11.9 °C) during the day in downtown Fresno while summer temperatures can reach 110 °F (43.3 °C) or more. Thick tule fog is present in the valley areas during the winter. Rainfall is most common between December and April while snowfall is sometimes experienced in the higher mountain elevations.

Cities

County seat
City County Population (January 1, 2010)[6] Land area[7]
Chowchilla Madera 18,698 7.1 sq mi (18 km2)
Clovis Fresno 97,218 22.03 sq mi (57.1 km2)
Coalinga Fresno 19,065 5.9 sq mi (15 km2)
Firebaugh Fresno 6,941 2.8 sq mi (7.3 km2)
Fowler Fresno 5,764 2 sq mi (5.2 km2)
Fresno Fresno 502,303 104.4 sq mi (270 km2)
Huron Fresno 8,062 1.3 sq mi (3.4 km2)
Kerman Fresno 14,381 2.2 sq mi (5.7 km2)
Kingsburg Fresno 11,504 2.3 sq mi (6.0 km2)
Madera Madera 58,243 12.3 sq mi (32 km2)
Mendota Fresno 9,966 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)
Orange Cove Fresno 11,089 1.5 sq mi (3.9 km2)
Parlier Fresno 13,658 1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)
Reedley Fresno 26,227 4.4 sq mi (11 km2)
Sanger Fresno 25,664 4.7 sq mi (12 km2)
San Joaquin Fresno 4,071 1 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Selma Fresno 23,435 4.3 sq mi (11 km2)

Census-designated places

Transportation

The Santa Fe Passenger Depot is the largest train station in Metropolitan Fresno.

Owing to its gateway location to numerous national parks as well as being in between the larger Greater Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area and Greater Sacramento regions, Metropolitan Fresno serves as a transportation hub in the California interior. However, unlike the larger metropolitan areas of California, Metropolitan Fresno does not have a large public transit system but is served by numerous freeways and highways.

Highways and freeways

Metropolitan Fresno is served by a large number of highways and freeways that are vital in linking the rest of Northern California with Southern California and its location in between the three larger metropolitan areas of the state allows for a large trucking industry as well as services to travelers. Highways and freeways in Metropolitan Fresno include:

Air

The Fresno Yosemite International Airport is the only commercial airport in the region and is a major gateway into Yosemite National Park. Additionally, there are several general aviation airports in the area, including Fresno Chandler Executive Airport, Firebaugh Airport, Sierra Sky Park Airport and Madera Municipal Airport.

Public transit

Metropolitan Fresno's central California location allows it to be a large rail transport center. Two Amtrak rail stations are located in the area, Santa Fe Passenger Depot and Madera which are on the San Joaquin line. Fresno Area Express and Madera County Express serve as bus transit lines connecting to downtown Fresno. Greyhound and Orange Belt Stages provide long distance bus travel to the area.

Politics

Unlike the other metropolitan areas of California, Metropolitan Fresno has historically been a strong Republican stronghold and the region reflects the Coastal California and interior California divide in which coastal areas and urbanized areas of California tend to lean Democratic while interior areas tend to lean Republican. Exceptions to this are Orange County in Greater Los Angeles, which has been a Republican stronghold since the 1940s, and most of Greater Sacramento, which is a politically competitive area where the major parties are often divided in pluralities although recently there have been Democratic majorities.[8] Metropolitan Fresno has begun to become a politically competitive region as well, as in the 2008 presidential election, the region was split with Fresno County going for Barack Obama with the majority of the votes, while John McCain carried Madera County with a comfortable margin. Locally, Democratic concentrations are found in much of Fresno and most non-agricultural suburbs while Republican concentrations are found in Madera County and most rural towns.

References

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