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Middle cervical ganglion

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Title: Middle cervical ganglion  
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Subject: Superior cardiac nerve, Autonomic nervous system, Pancreatic plexus, Ramus communicans, Splenic plexus
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Middle cervical ganglion

Middle cervical ganglion
Diagram of the cervical sympathetic. ("Middle cervical ganglion" labeled at center right.)
Latin ganglion cervicale medium
From middle cardiac nerve
Innervates thyroid
Anatomical terms of neuroanatomy

The middle cervical ganglion is the smallest of the three cervical ganglia, and is occasionally absent. It is placed opposite the sixth cervical vertebra, usually in front of, or close to, the inferior thyroid artery. It sends gray rami communicantes to the fifth and sixth cervical nerves, and gives off the middle cardiac nerve.

It is probably formed by the coalescence of two ganglia corresponding to the fifth and sixth cervical nerves.


  1. Gray Rami Communicantes to the anterior rami of the fifth and sixth cervical nerves.
  2. Thyroid Branches which pass along the inferior thyroid artery to the thyroid gland.
  3. The middle cardiac branch, which descends in the neck and ends in the cardiac plexus in the thorax

See also

External links

  • 2006581307 at GPnotebook
  • thoraxlesson4 at The Anatomy Lesson by Wesley Norman (Georgetown University) (thoraxautonomicner)
  • Anatomy photo:31:07-0202 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "The Sympathetic Trunk and Cervical Ganglia"
  • Clinical Anatomy by Richard S. Snell seventh edition page 744

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