World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Milan Kučan

Article Id: WHEBN0000429893
Reproduction Date:

Title: Milan Kučan  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Janez Drnovšek, Timeline of Yugoslav breakup, Requests for comment/Avala, Brioni Agreement, Danilo Türk
Collection: 1941 Births, Collars of the Order of Isabella the Catholic, Grand Collars of the Order of Prince Henry, Grand Crosses of the Order of the White Double Cross, Grand Order of King Tomislav Recipients, Knights of the Elephant, League of Communists of Slovenia Politicians, Living People, People from Gornji Petrovci, Presidents of Slovenia, Recipients of the Collar of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Recipients of the Order of the Three Stars, 1St Class with Chain, Recipients of the Order of the White Eagle (Poland), Recipients of the Order Pro Merito Melitensi, Recipients of the Star of Romania Order, Slovenian Lutherans, University of Ljubljana Alumni
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Milan Kučan

Milan Kučan
1st President of Slovenia
In office
8 October 1991 – 22 December 2002
Prime Minister Lojze Peterle
Janez Drnovšek
Andrej Bajuk
Janez Drnovšek
Anton Rop
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Janez Drnovšek
Personal details
Born (1941-01-14) 14 January 1941
Križevci, Drava Banovina, Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Spouse(s) Štefka Kučan
Religion Lutheran

Milan Kučan (pronounced ;[1][2] born 14 January 1941) is a Slovenian politician and statesman who was the first President of Slovenia from 1991 to 2002.


  • Early life and political beginnings 1
  • Political career 2
  • Honours and awards 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life and political beginnings

Milan Kučan, one of five children, was born in a Lutheran teachers' family. He was raised in the village of Križevci, located in the largely agrarian border region of Prekmurje in the Drava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (present-day Slovenia). His father Koloman died during World War II. Kučan's family spent World War II in occupied Serbia, where over 58,000 other Slovenes were resettled from Slovenia by the Nazis.

Milan Kučan later studied law at the civil society associations under one roof) between 1974 and 1978. He rose to speaker of the National Assembly in 1978, and in 1982 he became representative for the Slovene Communists in the League of Communists of Yugoslavia's Central Committee in Belgrade.

In 1986, he became the leader of the League of Communists of Slovenia. At that time, liberal and democratic sentiment started to grow in Slovenia, as opposed to the political atmosphere of Belgrade and Serbia under Slobodan Milošević. Advocating in favour of human rights and European democratic values and principles, Kučan, his party and Slovenia faced increasingly severe political confrontations with Belgrade and Serbia.[3] On 23 January 1990, Kučan and the Slovene delegation left the Party Congress. This led to the collapse of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, one of the pillars of the political system of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Political career

Kučan with Vladimir Putin in 2002

Slovenia was the first of the federal units of Yugoslavia to introduce multi-party democracy and the first multi-party elections were held in April 1990. Kučan was elected President of the Presidency, then a collective body, in 1990, in a ballot against the DEMOS candidate Jože Pučnik.

Kučan strongly opposed the preservation of Yugoslavia through violent means. After the concept of a loose confederation had failed to gain support by the republics of Yugoslavia, Kučan favoured a controlled process of non-violent disassociation that would enable the collaboration of the former Yugoslav nations on a new, different basis.

Slovenia declared its independence on 25 June 1991. In his speech on the occasion, Kučan ended with the words: "Today dreams are allowed, tomorrow is a new day." On June 26, Yugoslav army embarked on troop movements that later escalated into the Ten-Day War. At the peace talks began at Brioni, with the European Community as a mediator, the Army started its withdrawal from Slovenia. Kučan represented Slovenia at the peace conference on former Yugoslavia in the Hague and Brussels which concluded that the former Yugoslav nations were free to determine their future as independent states. On May 22, 1992 Kučan represented Slovenia as it became a new member of the United Nations.

After the independence and the international recognition of Slovenia, Kučan was elected as the first President of Slovenia in 1992 with the support of the citizens list. He won another five-year term in 1997-2002, running again as an independent and again winning the majority in the first round.

His presidency ended in December 2002. He was succeeded as President by Janez Drnovšek.

In March 2003 Slovenia held two referendums on joining the EU and NATO. Milan Kučan took an active part in campaigning for these memberships, in order for Slovenia to achieve the goals it had set upon its independence. In May 2004, Slovenia became a full member of both the EU and NATO.

Kučan is married to Štefka Kučan and has two daughters.relevance to political career?

Kučan at the 2010 state commemoration of the Reformation day with Danilo Türk and Borut Pahor

Since November 2004, Kučan has been a member of the Club of Madrid,[4] an association of former democratic statesmen that works to strengthen democratic governance. He chairs the International Collegium together with Michel Rocard, former French Prime Minister. Since 2004 he is the chairman of Forum 21, a Slovene left-wing think-tank reflecting on issues of relevance for the future development of Slovenia and its position in a global society.

Kučan is also Member of the tolerance in Europe and make recommendations on fighting xenophobia and intolerance on the continent.

Honours and awards


  1. ^ "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Milan".  "Slovenski pravopis 2001: Kučan". 
  2. ^ Milan in isolation: .
  3. ^ Communism O Nationalism!, TIME Magazine, October 24, 1988
  4. ^ The Club of Madrid
  5. ^ Slovak republic website, State honours : 1st Class in 2001 (click on "Holders of the Order of the 1st Class White Double Cross" to see the holders' table)

External links

  • President of the Republic of Slovenia, archived pages
  • Biography
Party political offices
Preceded by
Andrej Marinc
Chairman of the League of Communists of Slovenia
Succeeded by
Position Abolished
Political offices
Preceded by
Janez Stanovnik
President of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia
(Post created)
President of Slovenia

Succeeded by
Janez Drnovšek
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.