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Mnong language

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Title: Mnong language  
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Subject: Stieng language, Austroasiatic languages, Tai Loi language, Sapuan language, Minriq language
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Mnong language

Native to Vietnam, Cambodia and United States
Region throughout Tây Nguyên region, especially in Đắk Lắk, Lâm Đồng, Đắk Nông and Bình Phước provinces; Mondulkiri in Cambodia
Native speakers
130,000 (2002–2008)[1]
  • Bahnaric
    • South Bahnaric
      • Sre–Mnong
        • Mnong
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
cmo – Central Mnong
mng – Eastern Mnong
mnn – Southern Mnong
rka – Kraol
Glottolog mnon1259[2]

The Mnong language belongs to the Mon–Khmer language family. It is spoken by the different groups of Mnong in Vietnam and a Mnong group in Cambodia.


In Vietnam, Mnong is spoken in the districts of Đăk Song, Đăk Mil, Đăk R'Lấp, Krông Nô, Gia Nghĩa, and other nearby locations in Đắk Nông Province (Nguyễn & Trương 2009).


According to Ethnologue, four major dialects exist: Central, Eastern and Southern Mnong (all spoken in Vietnam), and Kraol (spoken in Cambodia). Within a dialect group, members do not understand other dialects. The Mnong language was studied first by the linguist Richard Phillips in the early 1970s.[3][4]

Nguyễn & Trương (2009) cover the following M'Nông dialects.

  • M'Nông Preh
  • Kuênh
  • Mạ
  • M'Nông Nâr (Bu Nâr)
  • M'Nông Noong (Bu Noong)
  • M'Nông R'Lâm
  • M'Nông Prâng


  1. ^ Central Mnong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Eastern Mnong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Southern Mnong at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kraol at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^

Further reading

  • Blood, Henry Florentine. A Reconstruction of Proto-Mnong. Waxhaw, N.C.: Wycliffe-JAARS Print Shop, 1968.
  • Nguyễn Kiên Trường & Trương Anh. 2009. Từ Điển Việt - M'Nông. Hà Nội: Nhà Xuất Bản Từ Điển Bách Khoa.

External links

  • Mnong at
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