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Montreal River (Timiskaming District)

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Montreal River (Timiskaming District)

Montreal River
River
Montreal River at Matachewan.
Country Canada
Province Ontario
District Timiskaming
Tributaries
 - right Lady Evelyn River, Makobe River
Source Smoothwater Lake
 - location Timiskaming, Unorganized, West Part
 - elevation 378 m (1,240 ft)
 - coordinates
Mouth Lake Timiskaming
 - location Timiskaming, Unorganized, West Part
 - elevation 178.4 m (585 ft)
 - coordinates
Length 220 km (137 mi)
Location of the mouth of the Montreal River in Ontario.

The Montreal River is a river in Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada. It travels 220 kilometres (137 mi) from its source at Smoothwater Lake to its mouth at Lake Timiskaming on the Ottawa River. The river is a significant source of hydroelectricity.

Course

The Montreal River has an inverted check mark shape, first flowing 70 kilometres (43 mi) north east, then 150 kilometres (93 mi) south east to its mouth. It begins at Smoothwater Lake in Lady Evelyn-Smoothwater Provincial Park. Ishpatina Ridge, the highest point in Ontario, lies in the Montreal River drainage basin just south of Smoothwater Lake, and separates the headwaters of the Montreal River proper, to the northwest, and the headwaters of the tributary Lady Evelyn River, which joins far downstream, to the southeast.

The river heads north, takes in several tributaries and reaches Inlet Bay on Gowganda Lake and the community of Gowganda. The river exits the lake at Outlet Bay, passes under Ontario Highway 560 and continues northeast. It reaches The Forks at Matachewan and takes in the major left tributary West Montreal River. It continues northeast briefly to Fox Rapids, then turns southeast, passes under Ontario Highway 65, takes in the right tributary Sydney Creek and left tributary Council Creek and reaches the Ontario Power Generation (OPG) Indian Chute Generating Station and dam at Indian Chute Falls. The river continues southeast to the community of Elk Lake, takes in the right tributary Makobe River and again passes under both Highway 65 and Highway 560. The river continues southeast, passes through the Mountain Chutes, takes in the major right tributary Lady Evelyn River at the community of Mowat Landing, passes into Bay Lake and reaches the town of Latchford. The river is paralleled by Highway 65 for the stretch Matachewan to Latchford.

The river heads over the Latchford Dam and under the Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge carrying Ontario Highway 11, attains OPG Hound Chute Generating Station and dam and further downstream Canadian Hydro Developers' Ragged Chute Generating Station and dam. The river flows over Fountain Falls and the Paugan Rapids, and enters the reservoir of the OPG Lower Notch Generating Station and dam. It then passes over the dam and under Ontario Highway 567 to reach its mouth at Lake Timiskaming.

Sgt. Aubrey Cosens VC Memorial Bridge at Latchford.

Ecology

Two bird banding stations are located in the Montreal River drainage basin. One is at Mountain Chutes southeast of Elk Lake, and a second at Gillies Lake just northeast of Latchford.[1]

Tributaries

  • Sandstone Creek (right)
  • Giroux Creek (left)
  • Hound Chute Creek (right)
  • Gillies Creek (left)
  • Loon Creek (left)
  • Sucker Gut Creek (right)
  • Gilchrist Creek (right)
  • McLaren's Creek (left)
  • Kitt Creek (right)
  • Wadi's Creek (right)
  • Lady Evelyn River (right)
  • Moccasin Creek (right)
  • Spray Creek (right)
  • Barber Creek (right)
  • Etwill Creek (right)
  • Wabun Creek (left)
  • Moosehorn Creek (right)
  • Makobe River (right)
  • Explorer Creek (right)
  • Council Creek (left)
  • Sydney Creek (right)
  • Whiskeyjack Creek (left)
  • West Montreal River (left)
  • Miller Creek (right)
  • Gowganda Lake
  • Haines Creek (right)
  • Okinada Creek (left)
  • Smoothwater Lake
    • Smith Creek

See also

References

  1. ^ "Banding Projects in Timiskaming". Timiskaming Birds. Retrieved 2010-07-21. 
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