World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0006020307
Reproduction Date:

Title: Murophobia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of phobias, Zoophobia, Ornithophobia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Fear of mice and rats is one of the most common specific phobias. It is sometimes referred to as musophobia (from Greek μῦς "mouse") or murophobia (a coinage from the taxonomic adjective "murine" for the Muridae family that encompasses mice and rats), or as suriphobia, from French souris, "mouse". Dr. Genna Crosser is believed to be the first to have witnessed a patient with this disorder. She later also suffered from the phobia she studied.[1]

The phobia, as an unreasonable and disproportionate fear, is distinct from reasonable concern about rats and mice contaminating food supplies, which has been universal to all times, places, and cultures where stored grain attracts rodents, which then consume or contaminate the food supply.

The symptoms of Musopahobia typically include extreme anxiety, dread and anything associated with panic such as shortness of breath, rapid breathing, irregular heartbeat, sweating, nausea, inability to articulate words or sentences, dry mouth and shaking.


Musophobia is caused by the unconscious as a protective mechanism. This mechanism was probably created as some point in the persons past when they had a traumatic experience with a mouse or rat. Examples of this could be having their house or room invaded by them, finding them eating the person's food, being surprised when they jump from a trash can, smelling them, or getting sick from them (The Black Plague in Europe was carried by fleas on rats).

This fear could be triggered by the presence of a mouse or rat in a room or store, seeing them on TV or in movies, someone joking about them, or smelling them. Some people are repulsed by how mice and rats feel, while others are afraid of being nibbled on.

In many cases a phobic fear of mice is a socially induced conditioned response, combined with (and originated in) the startle response (a response to an unexpected stimulus) common in many animals, including humans, rather than a real disorder. At the same time, as is common with specific phobias, an occasional fright may give rise to abnormal anxiety that requires treatment.


Fear of mice may be treated by any standard treatment for specific phobias. The standard treatment of animal phobia is systematic desensitization, and this can be done in the consulting room (in vivo), or in hypnosis (in vitro). Some clinicians use a combination of both in vivo and in vitro desensitization during treatment. It is also helpful to encourage patients to aexperience some positive associations with mice: thus, the feared stimulus is paired with the positive rather than being continuously reinforced by the negative[2]

There are other treatments for Musophobia, which include counseling, hypnotherapy, psychotherapy and Neuro-Linguistic programming

Popular culture

An exaggerated, phobic fear of mice and rats has traditionally been depicted as a stereotypical trait of women, with numerous books, cartoons, television shows, and films portraying hysterical women screaming and jumping atop chairs or tables at the sight of a mouse — for example, Mammy Two Shoes in Tom and Jerry. Despite the gender-stereotyped portrayal Western musophobia has always been experienced by individuals of both sexes.

Elephants and mice

There is a common Western folk belief that elephants are afraid of mice. The earliest reference to this claim is probably by Pliny the Elder in his Naturalis Historia, book VIII. As translated by Philemon Holland (1601), Of all other living creatures, they [elephants] cannot abide a mouse or a rat. Numerous zoos and zoologists have shown that elephants can be conditioned not to react. Mythbusters performed an experiment in which, indeed, an elephant did attempt to avoid a mouse, showing there may be some basis for this belief. It is not known why the elephants react in this way, but there are several theories. Regardless, the myth of elephantine murophobia remains the basis of various jokes and metaphors.

In the Malay Archipelago, there is the fables of "Sang Kancil", where in one fable, tells the story about a meeting among all animals to choose a king among them. In short, the elephant, deer, tiger and mouse offered themselves to be elected. It was decided that they have a contest between them. At the end, there was a duel between the mouse and the elephant. The mouse tried to beat and bite at the elephant but the elephant's hide was thick. Because the elephant thought he was strong, so he just sat and laughed at the mouse. The mouse got angry and finally he climbed into the elephant's ear. The elephant got afraid and stomped on his feet. The mouse then got afraid and bit the elephant's eardrum as hard as he could. The elephant was in great pain and ran around and hit all the tree trunks. Finally, the elephant admitted defeat and the mouse was elected as king.

Patron saint

Gertrude of Nivelles is the patron saint of murophobia, and is also invoked against rats and mice in general.[3]

The Witches

Mrs.Jenkins Bruno Jenkins' mother and Mr.Jenkins' wife was terrified of mice that his son got turn into a mouse by the Grand High Witch/ Mrs.Ernest.

See also


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.