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Mytilidae

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Title: Mytilidae  
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Subject: Perna perna, California mussel, Hinge line, Lithophaga lithophaga, Bathymodiolus
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Mytilidae

Mytilidae
Two shells of Mytilus edulis washed up on a beach
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Pteriomorphia
Order: Mytiloida
Family: Mytilidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genera

52, See text.

The Mytilidae are a family of small to large saltwater mussels, marine bivalve mollusks in the order Mytiloida. The order has only this one family which contains some 52 genera.[1]

Species in the family Mytilidae are found world-wide, but they are more abundant in colder seas, where they often form uninterrupted beds on rocky shores in the intertidal zone and the shallow subtidal. The subfamily Bathymodiolinae is found in deep-sea habitats.

Mytilids include the well-known edible sea mussels.

A common feature of the shells of mussels is an asymmetrical shell which has a thick, adherent periostracum. The animals attached themselves to a solid substrate using a byssus.

Genera

A bed of the edible California mussel, Mytilus californianus.
Mussels and attached barnacles on the Cornish coast near Newquay.

Genera within the family Mytilidae include:[1]

References

  1. ^ a b Bouchet, P. (2014).Mytilidae Rafinesque, 1815 World Register of Marine Species

External links

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