NATO peacekeeping

The peacekeeping missions since 1994, and coordinates with United Nations peacekeeping operations and directives.

History

The Former Yugoslavia

The first NATO peacekeeping mission has its roots on February 28, 1994, when the organization authorized U.S. fighters to fire on Serbian planes violating the no-fly zone over the former Yugoslavia.[1] Previously, NATO had limited itself to solving conflicts within its member states; this operation marked a shift as the alliance worked to keep the peace in regions of Eastern Europe, which was considered to be an "out-of-area deployment."[2] In December 1995, NATO sent an unprecedented 60,000 troops to ensure that all sides would abide by the Dayton accords, which was replaced by a smaller force of 32,000 troops a year later.[3]

Under a UN mandate, a NATO-led force Implementation Force (IFOR) entered Bosnia in order to implement The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. In a similar manner, a NATO operation (Kosovo Force, or KFOR) continues in the Serbian province of Kosovo.

The NATO-led mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina has since been replaced by a European Union peacekeeping mission, EUFOR Althea.

Current operations

NATO currently has peacekeeping operations in Afghanistan.[4]

NATO Afghanistan Operations

NATO former Yugoslavia Operations

See also

References

  1. ^ British American Security Information Council, NATO, Peacekeeping, and the United Nations, Report 94.1, http://www.bits.de/public/pdf/report94-1.pdf
  2. ^ NATO Review, Lessons Learned, Vol. 49 - No. 2 Summer 2001 p. 12-15, http://www.nato.int/docu/review/2001/0102-03.htm
  3. ^ Congressional Research Service, Bosnia and the European Union Military Force (EUFOR): Post-NATO Peacekeeping, http://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RS21774.pdf
  4. ^ BBC News, Nato's Afghanistan troop dilemma, 26 December 2005, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4526150.stm

External links

  • Paul F. Diehl, "Problems with NATO's Peace Operations in Afghanistan", ACDIS Swords and Ploughshares 16:2 (summer 2008), Program in Arms Control, Disarmament, and International Security (ACDIS) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


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