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Nagar Barap

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Title: Nagar Barap  
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Subject: Brahmic scripts, Sunaparant, Konkani phonology, List of writing systems, Thomas Natural Shorthand
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Nagar Barap

Nāgarī Barap [1]
Hortus Malabaricus by Ranga Bhat, Vinayaka Pandit, and Appu Bhat.
Time period
c. 2nd century CE – present [2]
Parent systems
Child systems
Devanagari, Eastern Nāgarī, Nandi Nāgarī
ISO 15924 Deva, 315
U+0900–U+097F and U+A8E0–U+A8FF

Nāgar Barap (; नागर बरप Nāgar BarapNāgar नागर 'urban' and barap बरप writing) is an abugida alphabet of India. It was the predecessor of the Devanagari script It is written from left to right, does not have distinct letter cases, and is recognizable (along with most other North Indic scripts, with the Gujarati script being an exception) by a horizontal line that runs along the top of full letters.


Nāgar Barap is part of the Brahmic family of scripts of India, Nepal, Tibet, and South-East Asia.[4] It is a descendant of the Gupta script, along with Siddham and Sharada.[4] Eastern variants of Gupta called Nāgarī are first attested from the 8th century; from c. 1200 these gradually replaced Siddham, which survived as a vehicle for Tantric Buddhism in East Asia, and Sharada, which remained in parallel use in Kashmir. An early version of Devanagari is visible in the Kutila inscription of Bareilly dated to Vikram Samvat 1049 (i.e. 992 CE), which demonstrates the emergence of the horizontal bar to group letters belonging to a word.[5]


  1. ^ refer Hortus Malabaricus Certificate where the Devanagari-based script for Konkani is called Nāgarī Barap
  2. ^ The earliest inscription in Konkani found in the village of Aravalem, in Goa (शचिपुराचे शिरसि)
  3. ^ refer Hortus Malabaricus Certificate where the Devanagari-based script for Konkani is called Nāgarī Barap
  4. ^ a b Steven Roger Fischer (2004), A history of writing, Reaktion Books,  
  5. ^ Isaac Taylor (2003), History of the Alphabet: Aryan Alphabets, Part 2, Kessinger Publishing,  
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