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Title: Nakhodka  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Primorsky Krai, Russian Far East, List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan, Alexander Sinchuk, Olga, Russia
Collection: Nakhodka, Port Cities and Towns in Russia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Nakhodka (English)
Находка (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

View of Nakhodka

Location of Primorsky Krai in Russia
Nakhodka is located in Primorsky Krai
Location of Nakhodka in Primorsky Krai
Coat of arms
City Day Last Sunday in May
Administrative status (as of December 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Primorsky Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Nakhodka City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Nakhodka City Under Krai Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Urban okrug Nakhodkinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Nakhodkinsky Urban Okrug[2]
Head Oleg Kolyadin
Population (2010 Census) 159,719 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 110th
Time zone VLAT (UTC+10:00)[4]
City status since May 18, 1950
Postal code(s)[5] 690890, 692900–692906, 692909–692911, 692913, 692914, 692916–692924, 692926, 692928–692930, 692939–692941, 692943, 692952–692954, 692956
Dialing code(s) +7 4236
Official website
Nakhodka]] on Wikimedia Commons

Nakhodka (Russian: Находка; IPA: ) is a port city in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the Trudny Peninsula jutting into the Nakhodka Bay of the Sea of Japan, about 85 kilometers (53 mi) east of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 159,719 (2010 Census);[3] 148,826 (2002 Census);[6] 160,056 (1989 Census).[7]


  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Climate 3
  • Economy and infrastructure 4
  • Sports 5
  • Twin towns and sister cities 6
  • References 7
    • Notes 7.1
    • Sources 7.2


The Amerika, which sought shelter in the bay during a storm. In honor of this occasion, the ice-free and relatively calm bay was named Nakhodka, which in Russian means "discovery" or "lucky find".

Until the 20th century, the area around the bay remained uninhabited, with the first settlement a small fishing village founded in 1907. When the Soviet government decided to build a harbor in the area in the 1930s, a number of small settlements were founded, which were merged as a work settlement in the 1940s. On May 18, 1950, the settlement, by then with a population of about 28,000 residents, was granted town status.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated as Nakhodka City Under Krai Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Nakhodka City Under Krai Jurisdiction is incorporated as Nakhodkinsky Urban Okrug.[2]


Nakhodka has one of the mildest climates in Primorsky Krai and in the whole of the Asian part of Russia thanks to its southerly location and oceanic influences from the Sea of Japan. Average temperature in January is −9.3 °C (15.3 °F); in August (the warmest month), it is +20.6 °C (69.1 °F).

Economy and infrastructure

Nakhodka Port, September 2010

The city's economy, based mostly around the port and port-related activity such as fish processing and canning, has suffered since 1991 as Vladivostok was opened to foreign activity again. Local industry also took a hit during the 1998 Russian financial crisis. However, Nakhodka has been declared a free economic zone, and the governments in both Moscow (federal) and Vladivostok (regional) have seemed interested in opening the city further to foreign investment.

Nakhodka is also an important transport junction where goods from Japan are transferred from ships onto the Russian railway system, including the Trans-Siberian Railway portion of the Eurasian Land Bridge.

As of 2010, there are 1,932 enterprises listed. There are 646 retail stores, 210 public catering entities, 9 markets. Annual turnover tops 13, 1 bln rubles (over 400, 400 USD). There operate many malls, supermarkets, federal chain store outlets in the city, the examples being Svyaznoy, Yevroset, Eldorado, and many others.

City's enterprises make their entry in the '100 best goods of Russia' nationwide contest, among numerous others, on a regular basis to a moderate success.

There was also opened a consulting center for young entrepreneurs, a collaboration of sister-cities' municipalities of Nakhodka and Bellingham, United States.


FC Okean Nakhodka is the only professional sport club in the city. It spent the 1992 and 1993 seasons in the Russian Premier League. It is also the home town of association football player Viktor Fayzulin.

Twin towns and sister cities

Nakhodka has the following sister city relationships:

City State/Province Country Date
Maizuru Kyoto  Japan June 1961
Otaru Hokkaido  Japan September 12, 1966
Bellingham  Washington  United States April 1975
Oakland  California  United States April 1975
Tsuruga Fukui  Japan October 1982
Jilin Jilin  China July 1991
Donghae Gangwon  South Korea December 1991
Clare  Michigan  United States October 1997
Phuket Phuket Province  Thailand September 21, 2006

^1 First Soviet Union-Japan sister city



  1. ^ a b c d e Law #161-KZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #183-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  6. ^  
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 


  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №161-КЗ от 14 ноября 2001 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края», в ред. Закона №673-КЗ от 6 октября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Приморского края "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Приморского края"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красное знамя Приморья", №69 (119), 29 ноября 2001 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #161-KZ of November 14, 2001 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai, as amended by the Law #673-KZ of October 6, 2015 On Amending the Law of Primorsky Krai "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Primorsky Krai". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Приморского края. Закон №183-КЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «О Находкинском городском округе». Вступил в силу 1 января 2005 г.. Опубликован: "Ведомости Законодательного Собрания Приморского края", №77, 8 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Primorsky Krai. Law #183-KZ of December 6, 2004 On Nakhodkinsky Urban Okrug. Effective as of January 1, 2005.).
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