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Nancy Hogshead

Nancy Hogshead
Personal information
Full name Nancy Lynn Hogshead
Nationality  United States
Born (1962-04-17) April 17, 1962 (age 52)
Iowa City, Iowa
Height 5 ft 8 in (1.73 m)
Weight 146 lb (66 kg)
Sport Swimming
Stroke(s) Butterfly, freestyle, individual medley
College team Duke University

Nancy Lynn Hogshead-Makar (born April 17, 1962) is an American former swimmer who competed for the United States at the 1984 Summer Olympics. She won three gold medals and one silver in medley and freestyle swimming. After retiring from competitive swimming she became a lawyer, writer, and asthma spokesperson.


Hogshead was born in Iowa City, Iowa but her family soon moved to Florida. Hogshead was a champion swimmer while at Episcopal High School in Jacksonville.[1] She won three national butterfly championships: 100 yards and 200 metres in 1977 and the 200-yard event in 1978. The next year, Nancy left home to train for the 1980 Olympics. She qualified for the team, but the American-led 1980 Summer Olympics boycott in Moscow kept her home.

Duke University offered Hogshead its first swimming scholarship. There, she was again undefeated in dual meets and set a school record in eight different events; one of which still stands as of 2007. She only swam for one year at Duke, but she was a Four-Time ACC Champion and Two-Time All-American for 1981. After the swim season ended, and with the disappointment of the boycotted Olympics still on her mind, Hogshead stopped swimming competitively for nearly three years while concentrating on her education. By 1983, excitement was building for the 1984 Olympics and Hogshead decided to resume competitive swimming, but switched from butterfly to freestyle. She won the 1984 National indoor 220-yard event and qualified for the 1984 US swimming team.


At the 1984 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California she swam the finals in the women's 100m freestyle. Hogshead and teammate Carrie Steinseifer had identical times and both were awarded gold medals in the first dead heat in Olympic swimming. Hogshead also won golds in the 4x100m freestyle and the 4x100m medley teams, and a silver in the 200m individual medley. During one race, wherein she missed a bronze medal by 7/100th of a second, she suffered a bronchial spasm that led to a diagnosis of asthma. After the initial disbelief, she accepted her condition and learned to monitor and control it.[2]


She retired from competitive swimming, and with her Olympic fame, began to lecture around the world about asthma management. Pharmaceutical companies sponsored her and for a while, she spoke to over 100 groups each year across the US. In addition, Hogshead earned the title of National Spokesperson for the American Lung Association. Between speaking engagements, she managed to graduate from Duke with honors in 1986. Hogshead authored the 1990 book, Asthma and Exercise, the first comprehensive book on the topic of asthma and sports. The book tells inspirational stories of athletes who learned to manage their condition.

Career choice

While in college, Hogshead was an intern at the Women's Sports Foundation.[3] The organization had a strong influence on her career direction and she has worked with the group for more than twenty years. She served on the board of trustees from 1987 to 1993 and as its President from 1993 to 1994. She is currently the Senior Director of Advocacy for the Women's Sports Foundation. Hogshead realized that a person must understand the law in order to be an effective advocate for equity in collegiate sports using Title IX. She applied to and was accepted at Georgetown Law. In 1991 Hogshead was an underwear model in a well-publicized Jockey for Her advertisement.[4]

Legal career

After graduating from Georgetown University Law Center in 1997, she returned to Jacksonville in private practice at Holland & Knight, LLP. She represented student-athletes and universities in Title IX matters with the goal of achieving legal compliance without litigation. Hogshead has been a high profile advocate of gender equity in sports and a specialist on Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972.[5]

Hogshead married Scott Makar, a fellow lawyer at Holland & Knight, on October 10, 1999[6] and hyphenated his surname to her maiden name. Her husband has served as Florida Solicitor General (FSG) since his appointment by Florida Attorney General Bill McCollum in February 2007.[7] The FSG represents the Government of Florida before the Florida Supreme Court and the United States Supreme Court when the government of Florida is party to a case. They have a son, Aaron and twin daughters, Helen-Clare and Millicent.[8]

Since August 2001, Hogshead-Makar has been on the faculty at Florida Coastal School of Law in Jacksonville. In addition, she is the director of the Legal Advocacy Center for Women in Sports. She has testified in Congress and has served on two Presidential committees on gender in sports. In 2007, she co-edited the book Equal Play; Title IX and Social Change with economist Andrew Zimbalist.

Awards and honors

  • 1977 AAU Nathan Mallison award as Florida's outstanding amateur athlete.
  • 1984 Come-Back Swimmer of the Year Award from USA Swimming
  • 1984 Kiphuth Award (given to the best all-around swimmer nationally)
  • 1993 National Association for Sports and Physical Education Hall of Fame
  • 1994 International Swimming Hall of Fame
  • 1994 Duke University Sports Hall of Fame
  • 1995 Florida Sports Hall of Fame
  • 2000 Ranked as Florida's 13th greatest athlete of the 20th Century by Sports Illustrated
  • 2001 International Scholar-Athlete Hall of Fame
  • 2002 Honorary Doctorate from Springfield College
  • 2003 Yolanda Jackson Give Back Award from the Women’s Sports Foundation
  • 2003 Community Woman of the Year Award from Jacksonville University
  • 2004 International Women’s Sports Hall of Fame
  • 2007 Florida High School Athletic Hall of Fame
  • 2007 Honor Award from National Association of Collegiate Women Athletics Administrators
  • 2007 Named as one of the most influential people in the 35 year history of Title IX by Sports Illustrated
  • 200x Jacksonville Sports Hall of Fame
  • 2008 Academic All-America Hall of Fame from College Sports Information Director's of America (CoSIDA)

See also

Biography portal
Olympics portal
Swimming portal


External links

  • Nancy Hogshead – Olympic athlete profile at Sports-Reference.ocm
  • Nancy Hogshead (USA) – Honor Swimmer profile at International Swimming Hall of Fame
  • Nancy Hogshead-Makar – Faculty profile at Florida Coastal School of Law
  • Nancy Hogshead-Makar – Video interview with Miller on Sports Radio
  • Top 100 Athletes of the Century

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