World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Narcissistic elation

Article Id: WHEBN0031868429
Reproduction Date:

Title: Narcissistic elation  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Oceanic feeling, Narcissistic personality disorder, Self-righteousness, Narcissism of small differences, Egomania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Narcissistic elation

'"Narcissistic elation" or "narcissistic coenaesthetic expansion"' were terms used by Béla Grunberger to highlight 'the narcissistic situation of the primal self in narcissistic union with the mother'.[1]

Narcissistic elation has also been used more widely to describe a variety of conditions, including states of being in love, of triumph, and of obtaining self-understanding.

Oceanic origins

Freud had used the term oceanic feeling to describe 'an early phase of ego-feeling...the oceanic feeling, which might seek something like the restoration of limitless narcissism'.[2]

Grunberger and André Green have subsequently 'traced narcissism to pre-natal states of elation, making it biological and drive-driven'.[3] Building on 'the state of prenatal beatitude, which according to him characterizes the life of the fetus', Grunberger therefore considered that 'narcissistic elation is at once the memory of this unique and privileged state of elation; a sense of well-being of completeness and omnipotence linked to that memory, and pride in having experienced this state, pride in its (illusory) oneness'.[4]

Ego ideal

Freud also explored how 'in cases of mania the ego and ego ideal have fused a mood of triumph and self-satisfaction'.[5] Grunberger considered such states as reaching back to the primal narcissistic elation, and as drawing on 'traces of this state of elation and megalomania, based on the notions of harmony and omnipotence'.[6]

Building on his work, Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel claims that 'it is indeed therefore narcissistic elation, the meeting of ego and ideal, that dissolves the superego'.[7] One may consider in general that 'the feeling of triumph...brings with it "oceanic" feelings, because it represents reunion with the omnipotent one'.[8]


With respect to a slightly later phase of early development, Margaret Mahler 'describes the practicing junior toddler's omnipotent exhilaration (excitement) and narcissistic elation (joy)'[9] at learning to walk - the 'tremendously exhilarating, truly dramatic effect that upright locomotion had' - noting however that 'it is precisely at the point where the child is at the peak of his delusion of omnipotence...that his narcissism is particularly vulnerable to deflation'.[10]

In the wake of the toddler's new achievement, 'from dawn to dusk he marches around in an ecstatic, drunken dance...quite in love with himself for being so clever'.[11]


Narcissistic elation may subsequently be reactivated within a therapeutic context. Edmund Bergler wrote of 'the narcissistic elation that comes from self-understanding';[12] while Herbert Rosenfeld described what he called the re-emergence of '"narcissistic omnipotent object relations" the clinical situation'.[13]

Somewhat similarly, Lacan spoke of 'the megalomaniac ebriety which...[i]s the index of the termination of the analysis in present practice'.[14]


In later life, the adult may seek to 'return to this narcissistic mode of being, notably through music, passionate love, or mystical ecstasy'.[6] For some, the whole 'purpose of love...[is] equal exchange in an atmosphere of shared narcissistic elation'.[15]

Others may consider as ultimately futile this 'search for a pure narcissistic exaltation, the elation procured by the imaginary contemplation of the object';[16] and yet still recognise the power of 'the enchantment of the exaltation of the other...this breathlessness which, with the other, has created the most false of demands, that of narcissistic satisfaction'.[17]

Cultural examples

In A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, a 'cold intellectual arrogance and narcissistic elation' have been identified in 'the highly ambitious speculations attributed to Stephen'[18] - the central protagonist - with respect to aesthetics.

See also


  1. ^ Karl Figlio, Psychoanalysis, Science and Masculinity (2001) p. 103
  2. ^ Sigmund Freud, Civilization, Society and Religion (PFL 12) p. 259-60
  3. ^ Benjamin Kilbourne, Disappearing Persons (2002) p. 99
  4. ^ Marie-France Castarède, "Narcissistic elation"
  5. ^ Freud, Civilization p. 165
  6. ^ a b Castarède
  7. ^ Janine Chasseguet-Smirgel, The Ego Ideal (1985) p. 78
  8. ^ Ralph R. Greenson, "On Gambling", in J. Halliday/P. Fuller eds., The Psychology of Gambling (London 1974) p. 210
  9. ^ Allan N. Schore, Affect Regulation and the Origins of the Self (1999) p. 93
  10. ^ Margaret S. Mahler, The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant (London 1975) p. 74 and p. 228
  11. ^ Selma H. Fraiberg, The Magic Years (New York 1996) p. 61
  12. ^ Alfred Lindesmith, Addiction and Opiates (2008) p. 175
  13. ^ J. Grotstein, "Foreword", in Neville Symington, Narcissism: A New Theory (London 1993) p. xiv
  14. ^ Jacques Lacan, Ecrits: A Selection (London 1997( p. 139
  15. ^ Jean Starobinski, Blessings in Disguise (1993) p. 43-4
  16. ^ Chasseguet-Smirgal, p. 58
  17. ^ Jacques Lacan, The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psycho-Analysis (London 1993) p. 61
  18. ^ André Bleikasten, The Most Splendid Failure (1976) p. 29

Further reading

  • André Green, On Private Madness (1997)
  • Béla Grunberger, Narcissism: Psychoanalytic Essays (1979)

External links

  • Michel Vincent, "Narcissism"
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.