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National Banner Song

中華民國國旗歌
English: National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Míngúo Gúoqígē
The Sheet of National Flag Anthem

National anthem of
 Republic of China (Rising and lowering the Flag)
 Chinese Taipei (Sport games)

Lyrics Tai Chi-tao (pinyin: Dài Jìtáo), 1937
Music Huang Tzu (pinyin: Huáng Zì), 1936
Adopted 1937

Music sample
File:National Flag Anthem of the Republic of China.ogg


The "National Flag Anthem" (official name, also known as the National Banner Song unofficially) (Chinese: 國旗歌; pinyin: gúoqí gē) of the Republic of China (Taiwan) is played during the raising and lowering of the Flag of the Republic of China. This song is also played at international sporting events such as the Olympic Games, where the ROC team plays as "Chinese Taipei."

Origin

After the Kuomintang Anthem became the de facto National Anthem of the Republic of China in 1930, the Ministry of Education had invited submissions for a new official national anthem. The music composed by Huang Tzu was eventually chosen in 1936, but the Nationalist Government refused to adopt it as the national anthem. As a compromise, the National Anthem remained unchanged, while Huang Tzu's music was adopted as the National Flag Anthem, with lyrics written in Classical Chinese by Tai Chi-tao, who had also contributed to the lyrics of the National Anthem.[1]

Use

Since 1983, the song was used at Olympic competitions instead of the National Anthem due to pressure from the Chinese Olympic Committee and the International Olympic Committee. This also changed the symbols used by Taiwan during the Olympics and their name officially changed to "Chinese Taipei."[2] During the 2004 Summer Olympics, Chinese Taipei won its first gold medals, and the Banner Song was played at the ceremonial raising of the flag of the gold medal team. When introduced, the song is officially called the "National Anthem of Chinese Taipei."[3] However, in the 16th Asian Games held in Guangzhou, the song was introduced as the "Anthem of the Chinese Taipei Olympic Committee" (中華臺北奧會會歌).[4]

In schools in Taiwan, every morning the National Anthem and the National Flag Anthem are played before classes at an outdoor ceremony. The national anthem is sung while the flag is being hold before raising and the National Flag Anthem is played when the National Flag is raised.[5]

Lyrics

Traditional Chinese Hanyu Pinyin
山川壯麗、物產豐隆;炎黃世冑,東亞稱雄。
毋自暴自棄、毋故步自封,光我民族,促進大同。
創業維艱,緬懷諸先烈;守成不易,莫徒務近功。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅。
同心同德,貫徹始終,青天白日滿地紅!
Shānchuān zhuànglì, wùchǎn fēnglóng; Yán Huáng shìzhòu, Dōngyà chēng xióng.
Wú zìbàozìqì, wú gùbùzìfēng, guāng wǒ mínzú, cùjìn dàtóng.
Chuàngyèwéijiān, miǎnhuái zhū xiānliè; Shǒuchéng bùyì, mò túwù jìngōng.
Tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, Qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng.
Tóngxīntóngdé, guànchèshǐzhōng, Qīngtiān báirì mǎndì hóng!
English translation
Magnificent mountains and rivers, (with) bountiful and diverse goods;
Descendants of Yan and Huang, to be the heroes of East Asia.
Never abandon in desperation, nor being complacent with achievement,
Glorify our nation and work promoting Great Unity.
Pioneering work was full of hardships and (we should) commemorate those founders and martyrs,
Maintaining (their heritage) is not easy and never seek only for instant benefit.
With one heart and one soul, carrying (these virtues) from beginning to end,
Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth!
(repeat last two lines)

Dispute of the author of lyrics

According to Liu Yiling from National Library of the Republic of China, there is a dispute about the author of lyrics. Some earlier publications was printed as the lyrics was an anonymous work.[6] Later publications attributed it to Tai Chi-tao, who also wrote a song with the title "National Flag Anthem" in 1928 but it was totally different from the current version. Liang Desuo with his work published in 1929 with the title "Blue Sky, White Sun, and a Wholly Red Earth." is said to be the author as his work much resembles the current lyrics.[6]

Instrumental
File:National Banner Song.mid
Midi rendition

Problems playing this file? See media help.

External links

  • National Flag Anthem Orchestral Version Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China.
  • National Flag Anthem Chorus Version Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China.

References

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