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National Development and Reform Commission

National Development
and Reform Commission

国家发展和改革委员会
Guójiā Fāzhǎn Hé Gǎigé Wěiyuánhuì
Agency overview
Preceding agencies State Planning Commission
State Development Planning Commission
Jurisdiction  People's Republic of China
Headquarters Beijing
Employees 890
Agency executive Xu Shaoshi, Chairman
Parent agency State Council
Website www.ndrc.gov.cn

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) of the Government of the People's Republic of China, formerly State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the Chinese State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the Chinese economy. Since March 2013 the Commission has been headed by Xu Shaoshi.

The NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, and to guide restructuring of China's economic system.[1] The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Principal functions 2
  • List of chairmen 3
  • Current Leadership 4
  • National Coordination Committee on Climate Change 5
  • National Energy Administration 6
  • Structure 7
  • See also 8
  • References 9
  • External links 10

History

The NDRC is a successor to the State Planning Commission (SPC,

  • Official site

External links

  1. ^ NDRC
  2. ^ http://en.ndrc.gov.cn/brief/default.htm
  3. ^ Leadership of the NDRC
  4. ^ China Climate Change Info-Net
  5. ^ [1]]
  6. ^ Highlights of China's institutional restructuring plan - china.org.cn
  7. ^ Energy bureau gets permission to increase size

References

See also

  • General Office
  • Office of Policy Studies
  • Department of Development Planning
  • Department of National Economy
  • Bureau of Economic Operations (Inter-Ministerial Office of the Alleviation of Enterprise Burden under the State Council)
  • Department of Economic System Reform
  • Department of Fixed Assets Investment
  • Department of Industrial Policies
  • Department of Foreign Capital Utilization
  • Department of Regional Economy
  • Department of Rural Economy
  • Bureau of Energy (National Oil Reserve Office)
  • Department of Transportation
  • Department of Industry (Office of Rare Earth, Office of Salt Industry Administration, National Chemical Weapons Convention Implementation Office)
  • Department of High-Tech Industry
  • Department of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
  • Department of Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection (Office of National Coordination Committee for Climate Change)
  • Department of Social Development
  • Department of Trade
  • Department of Fiscal and Financial Affairs
  • Department of Price
  • Department of Price Supervision
  • Department of Employment and Income Distribution
  • Department of Laws and Regulations
  • Department of International Cooperation
  • Department of Personnel
  • The NDRC Party Committee
  • Office of National Economic Mobilization
  • Office of Key Project Inspectors
  • State Bureau of Material Reserve
  • State Grain Administration
  • State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (China National Tobacco Corporation)
  • Office of the Leading Group for Western Region Development of the State Council
  • Office of the Leading Group for Revitalizing Northeast China and Other Old Industrial Bases of the State Council
  • Office of the National Energy Leading Group

Structure

NEA was established in August 2008, replacing the National Energy Bureau (NEB; 国家能源局) which attempted to reform China’s highly dispersed energy management.[6][7]

  • Researches, drafts, and supervises energy development strategies to address China's energy needs;
  • Drafts annual plans and guidance for energy development—including analysis on issues such as technology innovation, construction, and energy conservation—researches China's energy development goals, and reviews major energy projects;
  • Analyzes and crafts energy development policies, regulations, and standards while considering the impact of financial, pricing, trade, foreign investment, and consumption policies on the balance of supply and demand for energy;
  • Advises on, and coordinates, reforms in China's energy regime;
  • Promotes sustainable development strategies for energy production and use;
  • Coordinates China's international energy cooperation, including the country's communication with foreign governments and international energy agencies and participation in international cooperative projects;
  • Coordinates the development and production of major energy enterprises;
  • Guides and coordinates local energy development;
  • Coordinates China's work on national gas reserves; and
  • Handles other tasks from NDRC and other supervising agencies.

As part of its major functions, NEA:

The NDRC oversees the National Energy Administration (NEA; 国家能源局) ensures the state's energy needs and works to strengthen the integrated administration of energy industry in concert with the NDRC.[5]

National Energy Administration

The National Coordination Committee on Climate Change, approved by the State Council, assumed office in October 2003. Ma Kai, the Chairman of the NDRC also serves as chairman of the Committee.[4]

National Coordination Committee on Climate Change

Deputy Secretary-Generals:

Secretary-General

Deputy Supervisory Commissioner:

Senior Supervisory Commissioner:

Vice Chairmen:

Chairman:

Current Leadership

Name Took office Left office
1 Gao Gang November 1952 August 1954
vacant
2 Li Fuchun September 1954 January 1975
3 Yu Qiuli January 1975 August 1980
4 Yao Yilin August 1980 June 1983
5 Song Ping June 1983 June 1987
6 Yao Yilin June 1987 December 1989
7 Zou Jiahua December 1989 March 1993
8 Chen Jinhua (陈锦华) March 1993 March 1998
9 Zeng Peiyan March 1998 March 2003
10 Ma Kai March 2003 March 2008
11 Zhang Ping March 2008 16 March 2013
12 Xu Shaoshi 16 March 2013 Incumbent

List of chairmen

Also, recently the NDRC has been placed in charge of China's strategic petroleum reserves.

  • To formulate and implement macroeconomic policies;
  • To monitor and adjust the performance of the national economy;
  • To examine and approve major construction projects;
  • To guide and promote economic restructuring;
  • To coordinate the readjustment of China's industrial structure with development of agriculture and rural economy;
  • To formulate plans for the development of China's energy sector and manage national oil reserves;
  • To promote the Western Region Development Program, which calls for China's economic growth to include the poorer Western provinces;
  • To submit a national economic plan to the National People's Congress on behalf of the State Council.

[2]

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