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Nehru Museum of Science and Technology

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Title: Nehru Museum of Science and Technology  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Chhoto Angaria massacre, Kurumbera Fort, Nandanpur (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Pingla (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nehru Museum of Science and Technology

Hijli Shaheed Bhawan houses the Nehru Museum of Science and Technology

The Nehru Museum of Science and Technology is a museum in Kharagpur, West Bengal, India. It was founded in 1990 at the Hijli Detention camp building, later the IIT-Kharagpur Heritage Building, which is now named as Hijli Saheed Bhavan. The imposing building, bearing resemblance to the Byzantine style of architecture, was used by the British rulers of India to detain the freedom fighters during the 1930s.

Building history

Although there were few other detention camps around the country in those days, the Hijli detention camp was the only one to witness the death of two detainees by police firing within jail compound.[1] The incident led to strong protest, to register their indignation by prominent national figures like Rabindranath Tagore, Subhas Chandra Bose and many others. Soon after independence, the building was used to house the first Indian Insititute of Technology (known initially as the Higher Technical Institute).

Museum contents

The museum has many indoor exhibits which include technical models collected from various institutes and organisations across India. The park outside the museum contains 14 open-air demonstrations and outdoor exhibits including a hunter plane, and a steam engine. The museum has an archive room showcasing documents relating to history of the institute and Midnapore district.

External links


  1. ^ "IIT-Kharagpur remembers its Hijli Jail days". Retrieved 2 July 2014. 
  • Nehru Science Centre official Site
  • Nehru Museum at Indian Institute of Technology

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