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New European Order

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Title: New European Order  
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Subject: Neo-fascism, Pan-European nationalism, Pino Rauti, Eric Weber, Government Junta of Chile (1973)
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New European Order

The New European Order (NEO) was a neo-fascist Europe-wide alliance set up in 1951 to promote Pan-European nationalism. It was a more radical splinter group of the European Social Movement.

The NEO had its origins in the 1951 Malmö conference when a group of rebels led by René Binet refused to join the European Social Movement as they felt that it did not go far enough in terms of racialism and anti-communism. As a result Binet joined with Gaston-Armand Amaudruz in a second meeting that same year in Zurich to set up a second group pledged to wage war on communists and non-white people.[1]

Once established, the NEO worked to set in place more permanent institutions, setting up a European Liaison Centre of the National Forces (Europäische Verbindungsstelle or EVS) in 1953, along with a permanent secretariat in Falange, Italian Social Movement (MSI), Socialist Reich Party and others.[2]

The NEO endured difficulties in 1955 over the issue of South Tyrol, with German speaking delegates attacking the MSI over their support for Italian control of the region. As a result, during the course of the year the Deutscher Block, the Volkspartei der Schweiz, Wiking-Jugend and representatives from Austria all left the NEO.[3] By 1957, the movement had largely become moribund in Europe.[4]

During a 1997 hearing before the Commission on terrorism headed by senator Giovanni Pellegrino, Stefano Delle Chiaie went on speaking about a "black fascist International" and his hopes of creating the conditions of an "international revolution." In this context he talked about the World Anti-Communist League and admitted having taken part in the New European Order.[5]

The NEO would continue, coming to life from time to time, with Amaudruz continuing as a figurehead of the movement, publishing a monthly magazine Courrier du Continent.[6] Whilst its European dimension became less important it remained as a network for international contacts, becoming influential for a time in the far right of South Africa.[7] However, outside of Amaudruz, the NEO is effectively defunct today.

References

  1. ^ Kurt P. Tauber, German Nationalists and European Union, p. 573
  2. ^ Tauber, pp. 573-4
  3. ^ Tauber, pp. 574-5
  4. ^ Tauber, p. 581
  5. ^ Hearing of Stefano Delle Chiaie on 22 July 1997 before the Italian Parliamentary Commission on Terrorism headed by senator Giovanni Pellegrino
  6. ^ "Report on Xenophobia on Switzerland". Axt.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  7. ^ G Harris, The Dark Side of Europe – The Extreme Right Today, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994, p. 122

Bibliography

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