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Newham

"Newham" redirects here. For other uses, see Newham (disambiguation).
London Borough of Newham
London borough
Official logo of London Borough of Newham
Council logo
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region London
Ceremonial county Greater London
Status London borough
Admin HQ East Ham
Incorporated 1 April 1965
Government
 • Type London borough council
 • Body Newham London Borough Council
 • Leadership Mayor & Cabinet (Labour)
 • Executive mayor Sir Robin Wales
 • MPs Lyn Brown
Stephen Timms
 • London Assembly John Biggs AM for City and East
 • EU Parliament London
Area
 • Total 13.98 sq mi (36.22 km2)
Area rank 298th (of 326)
Population (2011 est.)
 • Total 310,500
 • Rank 28th (of 326)
 • Density 22,000/sq mi (8,600/km2)
 • Ethnicity[1] 32.6% White British
1.1% White Irish
5.4% Other White
1.2% White & Black Caribbean
0.8% White & Black African
0.8% White & Asian
0.9% Other Mixed
12.1% Indian
8.7% Pakistani
9.0% Bangladeshi
12.7% Other Asian
6.7% Black Caribbean
12.7% Black African
1.1% Other Black
1.4% Chinese
2.4% Other
Time zone GMT (UTC0)
 • Summer (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Postcodes E
Police force Metropolitan Police
Website

The London Borough of Newham East London.

It is situated 5 miles (8 km) east of the City of London, and is north of the River Thames. Newham was one of the six host boroughs for the 2012 Summer Olympics and contains most of the Olympic Park including the Olympic Stadium. According to 2010 estimates, Newham has one of the highest ethnic minority populations of all the districts in the country, with no particular ethnic group dominating. The local authority is Newham London Borough Council, the second most deprived in England,[2] although other reports using different measures show it differently.[3]

The borough's motto, from its Coat of Arms, is "Progress with the People." The Coat of Arms was derived from that of the County Borough of West Ham, while the motto is a translation of the County Borough of East Ham's Latin "Progressio cum Populo".[4]

History

The borough was formed by merging the former area of the Essex county borough of East Ham and the county borough of West Ham as a borough of the newly formed Greater London, on 1 April 1965. Green Street and Boundary Road mark the former boundary between the two. North Woolwich also became part of the borough (previously being in the Metropolitan Borough of Woolwich, in the County of London) along with a small area west of the River Roding which had previously been part of the Municipal Borough of Barking. Newham was devised for the borough as an entirely new name.[5]

Governance

Unlike most English districts, its council is led by a directly elected mayor of Newham. From 2002 to 2009 one of the councillors had been appointed as the "civic ambassador" and performed the civic and ceremonial role previously carried out by the mayor. The post has been discontinued.[6]

The borough is considered part of Outer London for purposes such as funding. This is because the majority of Newham was not part of the 1889-1965 County of London. Economically it is one of the more deprived districts. The council is actively campaigning to have Newham officially considered part of Inner London in order to increase its level of government grant by £60 million.

At the borough elections held on 6 May 2010 the Labour Party won all 60 of the seats on the Council. Sir Robin Wales was re-elected as the borough's Executive Mayor with 68% of the first preference votes cast.

Demography

Newham has the youngest overall population and one of the lowest White British populations in the country according to the 2011 Census. The borough has the second highest percentage of Muslims in Britain at 32%.

When using Simpson's Diversity Index on 10 aggregated ethnic groups, the 2001 census identified Newham as the most ethnically diverse district in England and Wales, with 9 wards in the top 15.[7] However, when using the 16 ethnic categories in the Census so that White Irish and White Other ethnic minorities are also included in the analysis, Newham becomes the 2nd most ethnically diverse borough[8] with 6 out of the top 15 wards, behind Brent with 7 out of the top 15 wards.

Statistics from the 2011 census showed that 29.0% of the population was White (16.7% White British, 0.7% White Irish, 0.2% Gypsy or Irish Traveller, 11.4% Other White), 4.6% of mixed race (1.3% White and Black Caribbean, 1.1% White and Black African, 0.9% White and Asian, 1.3% Other Mixed), 43.5% Asian (13.8% Indian, 9.8% Pakistani, 12.21 Bangladeshi, 1.3% Chinese, 6.5% Other Asian), 19.6% Black (12.3% African, 4.9% Caribbean, 2.4% Other Black), 1.1% Arab and 2.3% of other ethnic heritage.[9] Newham has the highest fertility rate in the country at 2.87 children born per woman, as of 2009, compared to the national average of 1.95.[10]

Education

Schools and colleges

The Borough is the education authority for the district providing education in a mix of Foundation, community and voluntary aided schools.[11] The borough also owns and operates Debden House, a residential adult education college in Loughton, Essex. The Essex Primary School in Sheridan Road with over 900 pupils is one of the biggest primary schools in London.

University

The University of East London has two campuses in Newham:

Birkbeck Stratford is a collaboration between Birkbeck, University of London and UEL to increase participation in adult learning. This is currently based on the UEL Stratford campus, but is planned to move to its own facilities.

The University of East London had formed a partnership with the United States Olympic Committee which resulted in the United States Olympic Team using University of East London campuses as training bases during the London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games.[12]

Places of interest


Community

  • The Hub, a community resource centre built by the local community, in Star Lane, E16, featuring up to the minute "green" features
  • Grassroots, also built by the local community and another innovative green resource centre built by the community. Grassroots is in Memorial Recreation Ground, E15

Libraries

Newham has ten libraries (Beckton, Canning Town, Custom House, East Ham, Green Street, Manor Park, North Woolwich, Plaistow, Stratford and Forest Gate).

Canning Town Library was first opened in 1893 and still operates in the original building on Barking Road (albeit with repairs and a reconstructed interior following damage from air raids in 1940 and 1941). Its opening hours are Monday, Tuesday, Friday and Saturday: 9:30am–5:30pm, Wednesday and Sunday: Closed, Thursday: 9:30am–8:00pm.[13]

Museums

  • North Woolwich Old Station Museum. Closed in 2008.[14]
  • Three Mills, a mill complex on the east bank of the River Lee. A trading site for nearly a thousand years, the House Mill was built in 1776 and was (and remains) the country's largest tide mill. It has been restored and contains much of its original machinery including four large waterwheels, millstones and grain chutes.

Markets

There are a number of local markets in the Borough, including Queens Market, which the Council is controversially seeking to redevelop. These proposals are being fought by Friends of Queens Market.

Parks and open spaces

80 hectares within the borough are designated as part of the Metropolitan Green Belt.

Performance

  • St. Mark's Church, Silvertown The church was designed by Samuel Saunders Teulon. It was built between 1861 and 1862 after a cholera epidemic swept the district and local clergy appealed through the columns of The Times for funds to provide an architectural, as well as spiritual, beacon for the area. It is now the home of the Brick Lane Music Hall.
  • Stratford Circus
  • Theatre Royal Stratford East

Shopping and exhibitions

  • Queen's Market, Upton Park - London's most lively and ethnically diverse market
  • ExCeL Exhibition Centre - major exhibitions such as the Motor Show are now held at ExCeL
  • ICC London - ExCeL - London's new International Conference Centre which opened on 1 May 2010
  • Gallions Reach Shopping Park Out of town retail park
  • Green Street, the largest shopping centre catering for the Asian community in London[15]
  • Stratford Shopping Centre, a shopping centre which includes a small market and typical chainstores
  • Westfield Shopping Centre, Stratford The largest Westfield Shopping Centre in Europe. Opened in September 2011.

Sport

Newspapers

The local newspaper is the Newham Recorder.[16]

Districts


Transport

Transport in Newham is undergoing a major upgrade, with the completed Docklands Light Railway and Jubilee Line Extension, with new or improved stations at Canning Town, West Ham and Stratford. Stratford International station on High Speed 1 opened in late 2009. The Crossrail scheme will also improve rail connections to several stations in the borough. The Docklands Light Railway was extended to serve London City Airport.

List of stations

International services

Bus routes

London Buses routes 5, 25, 58, 69, 86, 97, 101, 104, 108, 115, 147, 158, 173, 238, 241, 257, 262, 276, 300, 308, 309, 323, 325, 330, 339, 366, 376, 425, 473, 474, 588, D8, W19, School buses routes 673, 678 and Night route N8, N15, N86, N205, N550 and N551.[18]

See also

References and notes

External links

  • Newham London Borough Council
  • Mayor of Newham
  • NIMS - Statistics on Newham
  • Newham Issues Forum - online local discussions
  • Aston-Mansfield- charity started in 1884
  • Community Links - innovative charity running community-based projects
  • Newham Labour Party - website of the Labour Party in Newham
  • Rising East: the journal of East London studies
  • - memories of Newham
  • Local guide to Stratford, Newham
  • Newham New Deal Partnership
  • Newham Yaplondon Group- Local chat and discussions
  • It's a Newham Thing - It's a Newham Thing

Coordinates: 51°31′N 0°02′E / 51.517°N 0.033°E / 51.517; 0.033

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