World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0017015985
Reproduction Date:

Title: Ngunguru  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Southern Cross (Melanesian Mission ship series), Whangarei District, List of towns in New Zealand
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Ngunguru coast
Ngunguru coast
Ngunguru is located in Northland Region
Country New Zealand
Region Northland Region
District Whangarei District
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,425

Ngunguru is a coastal settlement in Northland, New Zealand. Whangarei is 26 km to the south west. The Ngunguru River flows between the settlement and a long low sandspit into Whangaumu Bay, which stretches southwards. North of Ngunguru are Tutukaka and Matapouri[1][2]

The population was 1425 in the 2006 Census, an increase of 138 from 2001.[3]

Ngunguru means "rumbling tides" in the Māori language.[4]


The waka Tūnui-ā-rangi, which brought Ngāi Tāhuhu to New Zealand according to traditional accounts, visited Ngunguru on its way from the Bay of Islands to Whangarei.[5] The area was named by Puhi, captain of another waka, Mataatua.[6]

In pre-European times, there was a substantial Māori population in the area.[7] The Ngunguru sandspit was the scene of a battle between southern tribes and Te Waiariki in 1838.[8]

The first chart of "Nongodo" was drawn by Captain N. C. Phillips of the HMS Buffalo in 1836.[7] James Busby, Gilbert Mair and W. J. Lewington bought 40,000 acres (16,000 ha) at Ngunguru in 1840, although the government disputed the sale for the next 30 years and attempted to buy the land itself from the original Māori owners.[9][10] They established one of the earliest sawmills in the country at Ngunguru in 1840 to take advantage of the abundant kauri timber. It was water-powered.[11] The mill failed financially in 1844,[12] but others succeeded in the industry and Ngunguru exported timber and especially roofing shingles for many years.[7]

The Melanesian Mission ship Southern Cross was wrecked in Ngunguru Bay in 1860.[7][13]

A bullock track was built to Whangarei in the 1860s.[14] In 1892, coal was discovered at Kiripaka, at the headwaters of the Ngunguru River. 620,000 long tons (630,000 t) were mined until 1921.[7]

The beach settlement developed after roading was improved in the 1950s.[15] An attempt to sell the Ngunguru sandspit for property development in 2005 attracted considerable local opposition, and no buyers.[16] In August 2011 the government purchased the spit from the Todd Property Group. The Department of Conservation will administer the reserve, which is one of a small number of sand spits that are relatively intact from an ecological perspective. Four separate assessments have ranked the spit as nationally significant[17]


Ngunguru School is a coeducational full primary (years 1-8) school with a decile rating of 7 and a roll of 196.[18] The school celebrated its centennial in 1970.[19]


  1. ^ Just off the Ngunguru Coast are the Poor Knight Islands,a protected marine reserve.
  2. ^
  3. ^ Quickstats about Ngunguru
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b c d e
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ Pickmere, pp 27-30
  13. ^
  14. ^ Pickmere, p 132
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^

External links

  • Ngunguru School
  • Ngunguru Sandspit Protection Society
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.