World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nikolaos Michaloliakos


Nikolaos Michaloliakos

Nikolaos Michaloliakos
General Secretary of the Golden Dawn
Assumed office
Preceded by Office established
Member of the Hellenic Parliament
Assumed office
28 June 2012
Member of the Athens Council
In office
1 January 2011 – 17 May 2012
Succeeded by Ioannis Vouldis
Personal details
Born Greece
Nationality Greek
Political party Golden Dawn
Other political
4th of August Party
National Political Union
Patriotic Alliance
Spouse(s) Eleni Zaroulia
Children Ourania Michaloliakos
Residence Greece
Alma mater National and Kapodistrian University of Athens
Occupation Politician
Military service
Allegiance  Greece
Service/branch Hellenic Armed Forces

Nikolaos G. Michaloliakos (Greek: Νικόλαος Γ. Μιχαλολιάκος, Greek pronunciation: ; born 16 December 1957) is the leader of Golden Dawn, a Greek far-right party. In September of 2013 he was arrested on charges of forming a criminal organization.

Early life and education

Michaloliakos was born in Athens in 1957. According to his party, he completed his studies at the Faculty of Mathematics of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens.[2]

Political involvements

At the age of 16, he joined the nationalist [4][5][6][7] While he was in prison, Michaloliakos met the leaders of the Greek military junta of 1967-1974.[4] After that he joined the Army and became a commando of the special forces.[4] He was arrested again in July 1978 after he had become a member of a far-right extremist group, and sentenced to one year imprisonment in January 1979 for illegally carrying guns and explosives.[4][5] He was also dismissed from his position in the army.[2]

After he was released, he launched the Chrysi Avgi (Greek for "Golden Dawn") magazine. The politics of the magazine were, at least initially, closely aligned with [4] In January 1985 he broke away from the National Political Union and founded the "Popular National Movement - Chrysi Avgi".

Michaloliakos remained the leader of Chrysi Avgi until he announced its disbandment in November 2005.[8] He took this step due to clashes with anti-fascists.[8] In 2005–2007 he (like most members of Chrysi Avgi) continued his political activity through the Patriotic Alliance.[4] The party was reformed under his leadership in 2007.[9]

Chrysi Avgi as a political party drew public attention in the 1990s and early 2000.[4][5] In May 2012, under Michaloliakos' leadership, it garnered 21 seats in Parliament during an election conducted amid Greece's severe fiscal crisis, and was embroiled in various controversies, attracting international attention and often, condemnation. [10] A particularly controversial point was Michaloliakos's denial of the existence of the gas chambers which the Nazis used to murder Jews, homosexuals, and other persons during World War II.[11]


Following the fatal stabbing of anti-fascist, anti-racist rapper [12] The charge sheet includes murder, extortion, and involvement in the disappearance of up to 100 immigrants.[13] He currently remains in jail awaiting trial.

Personal life

He is the husband of fellow Golden Dawn member Eleni Zaroulia.[14] His daughter Ourania was one of six people arrested during a motorcycle rally.[15][16]


  • Enemies of the Regime (Εχθροί του Καθεστώτος), 2000
  • Against All (Εναντίον Όλων), 2001
  • The Last Loyals (Οι Τελευταίοι Πιστοί), 2002
  • For a Greater Greece in a Free Europe (Για μια Μεγάλη Ελλάδα σε μια Ελεύθερη Ευρώπη), 2000
  • Pericles Giannopoulos: The Apollonian Speech (Περικλής Γιαννόπουλος: Ο Απολλώνιος Λόγος), 2006
  • The Confession of a Heathen (Η Εξομολόγηση ενός Εθνικού), reprinted in 2008
  • From the Ashes of Berlin to Globalisation (Από τις Στάχτες του Βερολίνου στην Παγκοσμιοποίηση), 2008
  • Defending National Memory (Υπερασπίζοντας την Εθνική Μνήμη), 2009


  1. ^ "Το κλούβιο «αβγό του φιδιού»". 
  2. ^ a b c "Article about Michaloliakos published on Chrysi Avgi's website". 
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h 11/9/2005 article published in To Vima.
  5. ^ a b c d 2/07/1998 article published in Eleftherotypia newspaper
  6. ^ Article published on BBC News Online website
  7. ^ Greek Embassy (Consulate General, Los Angeles, USA) website
  8. ^ a b 01/12/05 article published by
  9. ^ Golden Dawn taps into voter anger and fear in Athens News
  10. ^ "Wordpress suspends Chrysi Avgi's blog".  
  11. ^ Neo-Nazi chief denies gas chambers existed Independent Online (South Africa)
  12. ^ Lowen, Mark (28 September 2013). "Greece's Golden Dawn leader Nikolaos Michaloliakos held".  
  13. ^ Channel 4 News. "Swastikas but no faces please - Golden Dawn in crisis". Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  14. ^ Rashty, Sandy (11 October 2012). "Greek neo-Nazi party on EU equality committee". Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  15. ^ Smith, Helena (7 June 2012). "Golden Dawn MP's live TV assault shocks Greece".  
  16. ^ Houlakis, Pantelis; Souliotis, Yiannis (21 June 2012). "Violence against migrants in Greece intensifies". Ekathimerini. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.