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Nitin Bose

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Nitin Bose

Nitin Bose
Born (1897-04-26)26 April 1897
Kolkata, India
Died 14 April 1986(1986-04-14) (aged 88)
Kolkata, India
Occupation film director, cinematographer, screenwriter

Nitin Bose (Bengali: নীতিন বোস) (26 April 1897 – 14 April 1986) was an Indian film director, cinematographer and screenwriter of the nation's film industry. He was born in Calcutta and died in the same city. In the 1930s and early 1940s, he worked with New Theatres, who made bilingual movies: in both Bengali and Hindi. Later, he moved to Bombay and directed under the banners of Bombay Talkies and Filmistan.

First use of playback singing in Indian films were in films directed by Bose in 1935: first in Bhagya Chakra, a Bengali film and later in the same year, in its Hindi remake Dhoop Chhaon. His most well-known work is Ganga Jamuna.

Early life

Nitin Bose was son of Bengali entrepreneur Hemendra Mohan Bose and Mrinalini. Mrinalini was sister of writer Upendrakishore Raychowdhury, who was father of poet Sukumar Ray and grandfather of film director Satyajit Ray.

Bose had a great interest in photography from his childhood. His father, who was a keen photographer himself, nourished his son's interest in the same.[1]

Career

Bose's first venture in film direction was a documentary film on Belgian Emperor's visit to India (1921).

Bose started his film career as a cinematographer in 1926 in the movie Punarjanma.[2] His debut as cinematographer under New Theatres banner was in the movie Devdas (1928). He was cinematographer of the only film directed by Rabindranath Tagore, Natir Puja (1932), which was based on a dance-drama composed by Tagore.[3]

Bose worked closely with director Debaki Bose, but then Debaki Bose temporarily left New Theatres to Madan Theatres for making Seeta(1934). At this time, producer of New Theatres, B. N. Sircar asked Nitin Bose to venture into film direction. Bose started with remaking of Debaki Bose's Chandidas (1932) in Bengali to Chandidas in Hindi (1934).[1]

His 1935 film Bhagya Chakra was the first Indian film to use playback singing. The singers were K C Dey, Parul Ghosh and Suprabha Sarkar.[2] The movie was remade in Hindi with the title Dhoop Chhaon, which was the first Hindi film to use playback singing.[4] It was Bose who came up with the idea of playback singing. He discussed with music director Raichand Boral and Bose's brother Mukul Bose, who was the sound recordist in New Theatres, implemented the idea.[5]

During the making of Kashinath (1943), Bose had a misunderstanding with B N Sircar. After completion of the film, he did not go back to New Theatres, with which he was associated since it was established in 1931. Eventually, Bose moved to Bombay and Sircar closed New Theatres.[1]

Bose's first movie under Bombay Talkies banner was Naukadubi (1947), based on Tagore's novel of the same name. Hindi version of this film was named Milan, in which Dilip Kumar acted in the lead role.,[6] and the Bengali version had Abhi Bhattacharya in the lead.[7] His next film Drishtidan (1948) introduced Uttam Kumar, who later became superstar of Bengali Cinema.

In 1960s, Bose directed a number of movies under the banner of Filmistan. Ganga Jamuna (1961), directed by Bose, is considered one of the all-time blockbusters of Indian Cinema.[8]

Family

Satyajit Ray was a nephew of Bose and worked under him in the movie Mashaal(1950), which was produced by Bombay Talkies.[9]

Among thirteen siblings of Bose, there were one singer, one painter, one sound recordist (Mukul Bose) and four cricketers.[10]

Bose's brother Mukul Bose was a pioneering and highly respected sound recordist who introduced many techniques in playback singing and voice dubbing.[11] He leaves behind his wife Santi Bose, daughters Rina and Neeta and 6 grandchildren and 7 great-grandchildren.

Awards

National Film Awards

Filmography

Director

  • Buker Bijha (1930)
  • Daku Mansoor (1934)
  • Chandidas (1934)
  • Bhagya Chakra (1935)
  • Dhoop Chhaon (1935) (Hindi remake of Bhagya Chakra)
  • Didi (1937)
  • President (1937) (Hindi remake of Didi; alternative title: Badi Bahen)
  • Jiban Maran (1938)
  • Desher Mati (1938)
  • Dharti Mata (1938) (Hindi remake of Desher Mati)
  • Dushman (1939) (Hindi remake of Jiban Maran)
  • Kapal Kundala (1939)
  • Parichay (1941)
  • Lagan (1941) (Hindi remake of Parichay)
  • Kashinath (1943)
  • Bichar (1943) (Hindi title: Paraya Dhan)
  • Mujrim (1944)
  • Mazdoor (1945)
  • Milan (1946)
  • Naukadubi (1947) (Bengali remake of Milan)
  • Drishtidan (1948)
  • Mashaal (1950) (Bengali title: Samar)
  • Deedar (1951)
  • Dard-e-Dil (1953)
  • Waris (1954)
  • Amar Saigal (1955)
  • Char Dost (1956)
  • Madhabir Janye (1957)
  • Kathputli (1957)
  • Jogajog (1958)
  • Gunga Jumna (1961) (alternative title: Ganga Jamuna, English title: The Confluence)
  • Ummeed (1962)
  • Nartaki (1963)
  • Dooj Ka Chand (1964)
  • Hum Kahan Ja Rahe Hain (1966)
  • Samaanta (1972)

Documentary

  • Belgian Emperor's Visit to India (1921)

Cinematographer

Writer

  • Dhoop Chhaon (1935) (screenplay)
  • Bhagya Chakra (1935) (writer)
  • Didi (1937) (writer)
  • President a.k.a. Badi Bahen (1937) (writer)
  • Jiban Maran (1938) (writer)
  • Desher Mati (1938) (screenplay) (story)
  • Dharti Mata (1938) (screenplay) (story)
  • Dushman (1939) (writer)
  • Parichay (1941) (writer)
  • Kashinath (1943) (dialogue)
  • Bichar (1943) (Hindi title: Paraya Dhan) (screenplay)

Camera and electrical department

  • Mohabbat Ke Ansu (1932) (camera operator)
  • Bichar (1943) (Hindi title: Paraya Dhan) (camera operator)

Miscellaneous crew

  • Deedar (1951) (photographic treatment)

References

  1. ^ a b c pp 262–264, Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee, Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema, ISBN 81-7991-066-0
  2. ^ a b An article on 'History of Bengali Cinema' from BFJA site
  3. ^ Natir PujaIMDb page on
  4. ^ Google Books preview from 'Encyclopedia of Hindi Cinema', Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee, Encyclopaedia of Hindi Cinema, ISBN 81-7991-066-0
  5. ^ A page from screenindia.com
  6. ^ An article from expressindia.com
  7. ^ Naukadubi at the Internet Movie Database
  8. ^ All time topmost box office earners among Indian films
  9. ^ p 95, Ashok Da. Ranade, Hindi Film Song: Music Beyond Boundaries, ISBN 81-85002-64-9
  10. ^ p12, p32, Satyajit Ray: The Inner Eye : the Biography of a Master Film-maker, by Andrew Robinson, ISBN 1-86064-965-3
  11. ^ An article from BFJA site
  12. ^

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