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Noreuil

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Title: Noreuil  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: John Gellibrand, 2nd Division (Australia), Battles of the Western Front (World War I), Arrondissement of Arras, Communes of Pas-de-Calais
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Noreuil

Noreuil
Noreuil is located in France
Noreuil
Noreuil
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Croisilles
Intercommunality Communauté de communes du Sud Arrageois
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Jean-Paul Boussemard
Area1 4.79 km2 (1.85 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 126
 • Density 26/km2 (68/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62619 / 62128
Elevation 72–110 m (236–361 ft)
(avg. 80 m or 260 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Noreuil is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Population 2
  • History 3
    • World War One 3.1
  • Places of interest 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Geography

Noreuil is situated 13 miles (21 km) southeast of Arras, on the D5 road.

Population

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006
136 143 128 135 117 114 126
Census count starting from 1962: Population without duplicates

History

World War One

The grave of 6042 Private Charles Buckley, 27th Battalion, of Melbourne, Vic, killed in action 21 April 1917, in the Noreuil Australian Cemetery

In 1917 it was the location of fighting during World War I. In early 1917, General John Gellibrand, acting commander of the 2nd Division, advanced as he suspected that the Germans were withdrawing. Gellibrand's advance began well but ended with a disastrous, ill planned and ill executed "unauthorised" attack on Noreuil.

On the morning of 2 April 1917, the village was attacked by the 50th and 51st Battalions, with the 49th and 52nd in support. Danish-born Australian Private Jørgen Christian Jensen of the 50th Battalion was awarded the Victoria Cross for the part he played. A Distinguished Service Order (and his first of two) was awarded to then-Major Noel Medway LOUTIT, an original ANZAC, who 'relieved the pressure' during these operations by working his way partly around the enemy flank and inflicting significant effective opposition. He continued in assisting and re-organising the front line under considerable hostile machine gun fire.

On 15 April 1917 the Germans launched a major counter-attack against the Australians at Lagnicourt-Marcel. Robert Smith, at his headquarters in a ruined house in Noreuil, about 1500 metres from Lagnicourt, directed the defeat of the German counter-attack. For his efforts in that engagement Smith was awarded a bar to his Distinguished Service Order (DSO).[1]

Noreuil is close to Bullecourt, the southern end of the battlefront for the Battle of Arras.

Noreuil Park in Albury, New South Wales, Australia, is named in dedication to the men of the 13th battery, 5th field artillery brigade.

Places of interest

See also

References

  • INSEE commune file
  1. ^ Mallett, Ross (2001). "Brigadier General Robert Smith". Australian Defence Force Academy. Retrieved 2007-01-19. 

External links

  • The Australian CWGC cemetery
  • Noreuil on the Quid website (French)


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