World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Obesity in Nauru

Article Id: WHEBN0024063802
Reproduction Date:

Title: Obesity in Nauru  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Health in Nauru, Obesity in Australia, Obesity in New Zealand, LGBT history in Nauru, Nauruan indigenous religion
Collection: Health in Nauru, Health in Oceania, Obesity, Obesity by Country
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Obesity in Nauru

Obesity in Nauru is a major health concern for the nation. In 2007 Nauru has the highest percentage of overweight inhabitants among all countries. The estimation identified 94.5% of its residents as overweight.[1] The obesity rate is 71.7%,[2] the highest in the world.[3] The definition of "overweight" and "obesity" are based on body mass index (BMI). People with BMI more than or equal to 25 are classified as overweight, and people with BMI more than or equal to 30 are classified as obese.[1]

The average body weight among Nauruans is estimated to be approximately 100 kilograms (220 lb).[2] Nauru has an average BMI between 34 and 35.[4]

Contents

  • Cause of obesity 1
  • Consequence 2
  • Efforts to curb obesity 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5

Cause of obesity

Before Nauru gained independence in 1968, there was a culture of fishing and gardening. The Nauruan diet then was primarily composed of marine fish, fruits,[2] root vegetables, and coconuts.[3] As per the analysis by Asahi Shimbun correspondent Takaaki Nishiyama, black-and-white-photographs taken during this time depict well-built and fit men and women. But after Nauru gained independence, there was a major economic growth resulting from mining. The profits from the mining activities were distributed among the citizens and Nauru's per capita income became very high. As a consequence, people did not feel the need to work. Over time, the minerals that made the country rich had been mined, causing the nation to sink back into hard economic times. According to a study conducted by the Government of Nauru and the WHO, the import of western food significantly reduced the existing culture of fishing and gardening, and from the 1980s, Nauruans were used to a markedly sedentary lifestyle and an unhealthy diet. This resulted in what the study described as "the worst health conditions in the Pacific region".[2]

Ninety percent of the land area of Nauru is covered with phosphate deposits. A land with phosphate deposits is inarable. This is why Nauru has very little arable land and relies on importing processed food,[3][5] which is high in both sugar and fat,[3] from large Oceanian countries like Australia and New Zealand.[5] Most, if not all, of the diet on Nauru is high fat and high sugar foods, that contain very little nutritional value.

Apart from unhealthy diet, lack of physical exercise, and lack of proper health education, cultural attitude towards obesity has played an important role in the high obesity rate in the country. According to the University of Queensland professor and South Pacific researcher Clive Moore, obesity is seen as a sign of wealth in Nauru.[3]

Consequence

As a consequence of high rate of obesity, Nauru has the highest rate of adult diabetes in the world. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) identified 31% of Nauruans as diabetic.[5] This rate is as high as 45% among the age group 55-64.[3]

Efforts to curb obesity

Nauruan health authorities have taken steps to curb obesity. People are told to walk around the 3 miles (4.8 km) perimeter of the

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^ a b c d e f g
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c

References

See also

[3]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.