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Octet (Schubert)

The Octet in F major, D. 803 was composed by Franz Schubert in March 1824. It was commissioned by the renowned clarinetist Ferdinand Troyer and came from the same period as two of Schubert's other major chamber works, the 'Rosamunde' and 'Death and the Maiden' string quartets.

Structure

Consisting of six movements, the Octet takes almost an hour to perform.

  1. Adagio – Allegro – Più allegro ;
  2. Adagio ;
  3. Allegro vivace – Trio – Allegro vivace ;
  4. Andante – variations. Un poco più mosso – Più lento ;
  5. Menuetto. Allegretto – Trio – Menuetto – Coda ;
  6. Andante molto – Allegro – Andante molto – Allegro molto.

The Octet boasts the largest scale for any chamber work by Schubert. It is scored for a clarinet, a bassoon, a horn, two violins, a viola, a cello, and a double bass. This instrumentation is similar to that of the Beethoven Septet, differing only by the addition of a second violin.

Octet D. 803
1. Adagio - Allegro
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 1. Adagio - Allegro.ogg

2. Adagio
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 2. Adagio.ogg

3. Scherzo
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 3. Scherzo.ogg

4. Andante
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 4. Andante.ogg

5. Menuetto
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 5. Menuetto.ogg

6. Andante Molto - Allegro
File:Franz Schubert - Octet - 6. Andante Molto - Allegro.ogg
Performance on period instruments by:
  • Violin 1, Monica Hugget (Director)
  • Violin 2, Rob Diggins
  • Viola, Vicki Gunn
  • Cello, Sarah Freiberg
  • Bass, Curtis Daily
  • Clarinet, William McColl
  • Horn, R.J. Kelley
  • Bassoon, Charles Kaufmann

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Background

In response to a reported request by Troyer for a work similar to Beethoven's Septet, Op. 20, Schubert composed the Octet in early 1824. The work was first performed at the home of Troyer's employer, the Archduke Rudolf (to whom Beethoven's Archduke Trio is dedicated) and included many of the musicians who premiered the Septet.[1]

Analysis

The basic structure of the movements is similar to those of the Septet, as are many of the key relationships between the movements and principal key (E flat for the Septet, F major of the Octet).[2] The theme of the first movement is derived from Schubert’s song Der Wanderer. The fourth movement variations are based on a theme from Schubert's Singspiel Die Freunde von Salamanka.[3]

Recordings

The Melos Ensemble was founded to perform works such as the Octet for wind instruments and strings. The Octet was recorded in 1967 with Gervase de Peyer (clarinet), William Waterhouse (bassoon), Neill Sanders (horn), Emanuel Hurwitz and Ivor McMahon (violin), Cecil Aronowitz (viola), Terence Weil (cello) and Adrian Beers (double bass).[4]

A recording of the chamber ensemble of the Academy of St Martin in the Fields with Iona Brown (violin I) and Timothy Brown (horn) won a Grand Prix du Disque.[5]

The Camerata Freden recorded it in 2003 with Adrian Adlam (violin I), Cristiano Gualco (violin II), Michael Hesselink (clarinet), Marjolein Dispa (viola), Michel Dispa (cello), Ilka Emmert (double-bass), Letizia Viola (bassoon) and Ron Schaaoer (horn).[6][7]

Notes

References

External links

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