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Old Anatolian Turkish

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Old Anatolian Turkish

Old Anatolian Turkish
تُركجٔ
Native to Sultanate of Rûm, Anatolian Beyliks
Era Developed into the Early Ottoman Turkish
Turkic
Ottoman Turkish alphabet
Official status
Official language in
Karamanids[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Linguist list
1ca Old Anatolian Turkish
Linguasphere part of 44-AAB-a

The Old Anatolian Turkish[2] (Modern Turkish: Eski Anadolu Türkçesi ) is the stage in the history of the Turkish language spoken in Anatolia from the 11th to 15th century. It developed into Early Ottoman Turkish. It was written in the Arabic script. Unlike in later Ottoman Turkish, short-vowel diacritics were used.[3]

Old Anatolian Turkish was widely spoken in the entire area of Anatolia. Despite of this, it had no official status. In 1277, Karamanoğlu Mehmet Bey declared that:

"Starting from today, in dervish convent, in council, in the palace, in Majlis and in squares, no language other than Turkish is allowed." [1]

Orthography

Old Anatolian Turkish Ottoman Turkish
(Kamus-ı Türkî spelling)
Modern Turkish English
كُزلٔر كوزلر Gözler "Eyes"
دَدَ دده Dede "Grandfather"
كُچُك كچوك Küçük "Little"

Alphabet

Letter Modern Turkish Letter Modern Turkish
ا a, e, i ص s
ب b ض d
پ p ط t
ت t ظ z
ث s ع a
ج c غ ğ, g
چ ç ف f
ح h ق k
خ h ك k
د d ل l
ذ d, z م m
ر r ن n
ز z و o, ö, u, ü, v
ژ j ه h
س s لا la, le
ش ş ى i, y, ı

See also

References

  1. ^ a b http://www.kimkimdir.gen.tr/kimkimdir.php?id=1547
  2. ^ Excerpt from Britannica Entry "..so-called Old Anatolian Turkish.."
  3. ^ Ergin, Muharrem, Osmanlıca Dersleri, BOĞAZİÇİ YAYINLARI, ISBN 975-451-053-9
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