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Olympic Stadium

Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympics. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names.

Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.[1]

In the case of the Summer Olympics, athletics competitions are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at both the 1900 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.

Early Winter Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.

Lysgårdsbakkene was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics. In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.

A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).

Contents

  • Stadiums 1
  • Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Stadiums

Image Olympics Season Stadium Native name City Country New/old Capacity Existing?
1896 Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens  Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
1900 Summer Vincennes Velodrome Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris  France Existing 50,000 Yes
1904 Summer Francis Field St. Louis  United States Existing 19,000 Yes
1906 Intercalated Summer Panathenaic Stadium Παναθηναϊκό στάδιο Athens  Greece Existing 80,000 Yes
1908 Summer White City Stadium London  United Kingdom New 68,000 No
1912 Summer Olympic Stadium Stockholms Olympiastadion Stockholm  Sweden New 20,000 Yes
1920 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Antwerp  Belgium New 12,771 Yes
1924 Winter Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique de Chamonix Chamonix  France New 45,000 Yes
1924 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir Paris  France Existing 45,000 Yes
1928 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink St. Moritz   Switzerland New 4,000 Yes
1928 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympisch Stadion Amsterdam  Netherlands Existing, renovated 31,600 Yes
1932 Winter Lake Placid Speedskating Oval Lake Placid  United States New 7,500 Yes
1932 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles  United States Existing 101,574 Yes
1936 Winter Große Olympiaschanze Garmisch-Partenkirchen  Germany Existing 40,000 Yes
1936 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Berlin  Germany New 110,000 Yes
1948 Winter St. Moritz Olympic Ice Rink St. Moritz   Switzerland Existing Yes
1948 Summer Wembley Stadium London  United Kingdom Existing 82,000 No (replaced)
1952 Winter Bislett Stadion Oslo  Norway Existing 20,000 Yes
1952 Summer Olympic Stadium Olympiastadion Helsinki  Finland Existing 70,000 Yes
1956 Winter Stadio Olimpico Del Ghiaccio Cortina d'Ampezzo  Italy Existing, renovated 12,000 Yes
1956 Summer Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne  Australia Existing 100,000 Yes
1960 Winter Blyth Arena Squaw Valley  United States New 8,500 No
Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink New No
1960 Summer Stadio Olimpico Rome  Italy Existing 90,000 Yes
1964 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck  Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) New 10,836 Yes
1964 Summer Olympic Stadium 国立霞ヶ丘陸上競技場 Tokyo  Japan Existing 71,556 No (being replaced)
1968 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Stade olympique Grenoble  France Temporary 60,000 No
Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony) New 12,000 Yes
1968 Summer Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City  Mexico Existing 83,700 Yes
1972 Winter Makomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony) 真駒内屋外競技場 Sapporo  Japan New 30,000 Yes
Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony) New 11,500 Yes
1972 Summer Olympiastadion Munich  West Germany New 80,000 Yes
1976 Winter Bergiselschanze (opening ceremony) Innsbruck  Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
Olympiahalle (closing ceremony) Existing 10,836 Yes
1976 Summer Olympic Stadium Stade olympique Montreal  Canada New 70,000 Yes
1980 Winter Lake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony) Lake Placid  United States Temporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds 30,000 No
Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony) New 10,000 Yes
1980 Summer Grand Arena of the Central Lenin Stadium Гранд Арена Центрального стадиона имени Ленина Moscow  Soviet Union Existing 103,000 Yes
1984 Winter Olympic Stadium (opening ceremony) Olimpijski stadion Sarajevo  Yugoslavia Existing 50,000 Yes
Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony) New 12,000 Yes
1984 Summer Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles  United States Existing 92,516 Yes
1988 Winter McMahon Stadium Calgary  Canada Existing, renovated 38,205 Yes
1988 Summer Olympic Stadium 올림픽주경기장 Seoul  South Korea Existing 100,000 Yes
1992 Winter Theatre of Ceremonies Théâtre des Cérémonies Albertville  France Temporary 35,000 No
1992 Summer Olympic Stadium Estadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Estadio Olímpico de Montjuïc
Barcelona  Spain Existing 60,000 Yes
1994 Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer  Norway New 35,000 Yes
1996 Summer Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta  United States New 85,000 Yes[3]
1998 Winter Nagano Olympic Stadium 長野オリンピックスタジアム Nagano  Japan New 30,000 Yes
2000 Summer Stadium Australia Sydney  Australia New 114,714 Yes
2002 Winter Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium Salt Lake City  United States Existing, Replacement 45,017 Yes
2004 Summer Olympic Stadium Ολυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης" Athens  Greece Existing, renovated 71,030 Yes
2006 Winter Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin  Italy Existing 28,000 Yes
2008 Summer Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing  China New 91,000 Yes
2010 Winter BC Place Stadium Vancouver  Canada Existing, renovated 54,500 Yes
2010 Youth Summer The Float@Marina Bay Pentas Terapung Teluk Marina  Singapore Existing 30,000 Yes
2012 Youth Winter Bergiselschanze Innsbruck  Austria Existing 26,000 Yes
2012 Summer Olympic Stadium London  United Kingdom New 80,000 Yes
2014 Winter Fisht Olympic Stadium Олимпийский стадион Sochi  Russia New 40,000 Yes
2014 Youth Summer Olympic Stadium 南京奥林匹克体育中心 Nanjing  China Existing 61,443 Yes
2016 Youth Winter Lysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanlegg Lillehammer  Norway Existing 35,000 Yes
2016 Summer Maracanã Stadium Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Existing, renovated 78,600[4] Yes
2018 Winter Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium 횡계 올림픽 파크 Pyeongchang  South Korea Temporary 50,000 Not Yet Built
2018 Youth Summer River Plate Stadium Estadio Mounumental Buenos Aires  Argentina Existing 61,321 Yes
2020 Youth Winter Stade Pierre de Coubertin Lausanne   Switzerland Existing TBA Yes
2020 Summer Olympic Stadium 新国立競技場 (tentative) Tokyo  Japan Existing, replacement 80,000[5] Not Yet Built
2022 Winter Beijing National Stadium 国家体育场 Beijing  China Existing 80,000 Yes

Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums

Venue City Events
Olympic Stadium Amsterdam 2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic Stadium Athens 1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winner's Cup
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis' Athens 1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Final, 1997 World Championships in Athletics, WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage 2005 and 2006, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta 1999 World Series and 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)
Beijing National Stadium Beijing 2015 World Championships in Athletics
Olympic Stadium Berlin 2006 FIFA World Cup Final, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, official opening game of the 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final and 2018 European Athletics Championships
Olympic Stadium Helsinki 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971 European Athletics Championships, 1994 European Athletics Championships and 2012 European Athletics Championships
Olympic Stadium London 2017 IPC Athletics World Championships and 2017 World Championships in Athletics
Wembley Stadium London 1966 FIFA World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1996 Final, 1992 European Cup Final, 2011 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 UEFA Champions League Final, annual FA Cup Final
White City Stadium London 1934 British Empire Games
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 1959 World Series, and second game of the 1959 MLB All-Star Game
Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne 1992 Cricket World Cup Final, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final
Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City 1955 Pan American Games
Olympic Stadium Montreal 1982 MLB All-Star Game; many Grey Cups; 10 matches in the 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, including the final; nine matches in the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
Luzhniki Stadium Moscow 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 FIFA World Cup Final
Olympic Stadium Munich 1974 FIFA World Cup Final, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988 Final, 1993,1997 UEFA Champions League Finals and 2002 European Athletics Championships
Bislett Stadion Oslo 1946 European Athletics Championships
Lysgårdsbakken Lillehammer FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris 1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1974 and 1974 Tour de France closing stage
Stade Olympique de Colombes Paris 1938 FIFA World Cup Final
Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro 1950 FIFA World Cup Final, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship Final, 2007 Pan American Games Opening and Closing Ceremonies, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup Final and 2014 FIFA World Cup Final
Stadio Olimpico Rome 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup Final, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Final
Olympic Stadium Seoul 1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic Stadium Sochi 2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic Stadium Stockholm 1958 European Athletics Championships; 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden
Stadium Australia Sydney 2003 Rugby World Cup Final, annual NRL Grand Final and 2015 AFC Asian Cup Final
Olympic Stadium Tokyo 1958 Asian Games, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, Intercontinental Cup and 2019 Rugby World Cup Final
Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin 1934 European Athletics Championships
BC Place Vancouver Two Grey Cups (2011 and 2014); nine matches in the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, including the final

References

  1. ^ Olympic Stadium. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006.
  2. ^ "Atlanta to demolish Turner Field".  
  3. ^ After the [2]
  4. ^ "Maracanã region". www.basil2016.gov.br. Brasil 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2015. Maracanã Stadiun Stage of the 1950 World Cup final, the mystical arena was refurbished for the 2014 FIFA World Cup. On 13 July, it was the stage of the World Cup final between Germany and Argentina, when the Germans were crowned champions of the world. The Maracanã will be the stage of the opening and closing ceremonies of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. In addition, it will host football matches at the Olympic Games. However, the arena will not host any Paralympic competitions. Sports at the Olympic Games: football Sports at the Paralympic Games: ceremonies Capacity: 78,600 people 
  5. ^ "Government drops plan to build retractable roof on Olympic stadium as costs soar".  

External links

  • Olympic Past & Future Stadiums - BALLPARKS.com
  • Summer Olympic Stadiums (Stadia) 1896 - (2020) on Google Maps (select "Sat View")
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