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Title: Ophcrack  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Reference desk/Archives/Computing/2010 August 22, Serge Vaudenay, Dictionary attack, L0phtCrack, John the Ripper
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Developer(s) Cedric Tissieres
Philippe Oechslin
Objectif Sécurité
Stable release 3.6.0 / June 4, 2013 (2013-06-04)
Written in C++, C
Operating system Microsoft Windows, Linux, Mac OS X
Available in English
Type Password cracking
License GNU General Public License
Website .net.sourceforgeophcrack

Ophcrack is a free open source (GPL licensed) program that cracks Windows passwords by using LM hashes through rainbow tables. The program includes the ability to import the hashes from a variety of formats, including dumping directly from the SAM files of Windows. On most computers, ophcrack can crack most passwords within a few minutes.[1]

Rainbow tables for LM hashes are provided for free by the developers. By default, ophcrack is bundled with tables that allows it to crack passwords no longer than 14 characters using only alphanumeric characters. Available for free download are four Windows XP tables and four Windows Vista tables.[2]

Objectif Sécurité has even larger tables for purchase, intended for professional use.[3] Larger rainbow tables are NTLM hash for cracking Windows Vista/Windows 7[2]

Ophcrack is also available as Live CD distributions which automate the retrieval, decryption, and cracking of passwords from a Windows system. One Live CD distribution is available for Windows XP and lower, as well as another for Windows Vista and Windows 7.[4] The Live CD distributions of ophcrack are built with SliTaz GNU/Linux.

Starting with version 2.3, Ophcrack also cracks NTLM hashes. This is necessary if the generation of the LM hash is disabled (this is default for Windows Vista), or if the password is longer than 14 characters (in which case the LM hash is not stored).


  1. ^ ""OPH Reviews"". 2011-07-30. Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Rainbow Tables for ophcrack". Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  3. ^ "Objectif Sécurité. A leading Swiss company in the field of information systems security". Retrieved 2012-02-21. 
  4. ^ "Download ophcrack". Retrieved 2012-02-21. 

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