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Order of Isabella the Catholic

Order of Isabella the Catholic
Awarded by His Majesty The King of Spain
Type Civil Order of Merit
Awarded for Services that benefit Spain
Sovereign King Felipe VI
Chancellor Minister of Foreign Affairs
Grades (w/ post-nominals) Knight Grand Cross with Collar,
Knight with Collar,
Knight/Dame Grand Cross,
Knight/Dame Grand Officer,
Knight/Dame Grand Commander,
Knight/Dame Commander,
Silver Cross,
Gold/Silver/Bronze Medal
Established 14 March 1815
Next (higher) Order of Charles III
Next (lower) Order of Civil Merit
Sash of "Collar" / Ribbon of the Order
Collar granted to Czech President Václav Havel.

The Order of Isabella the Catholic (Spanish: Orden de Isabel la Católica) is a Spanish civil order granted in recognition of services that benefit the country. The Order is not exclusive to Spaniards, and many foreigners have been awarded it.

The Order was created on 14 March 1815 by King

Officials and grades

The King of Spain (currently Felipe VI) is Grand Master of the Order. The Chancellor of the Order is the Minister of Foreign Affairs. All deeds granting decorations of the Order must bear the signatures of both. Beneath these two officials of the Order, there are currently several grades:

  • First Class
  • Knight of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) (limited to 25 people)
  • Knight Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) (limited to 500 people)
  • Second Class
  • Commander by Number (Encomienda de Número) (limited to 800 people)
  • Commander (Encomienda)
  • Third Class
  • Officer's Cross (Cruz de Oficial)
  • Fourth Class
  • Knight's Cross (Cruz de Caballeros)
  • Fifth Class
  • Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata)
  • Sixth Class
  • Silver Medal (Medalla de Plata)
  • Bronze Medal (Medalla de Bronce)[3]

The original statues of the order of 24 March 1815 established the order in three classes. The structure of the order has varied several times since then. The following is a summary of the history of the various grades and medals of the order:

  • Knights of the Collar (Caballeros del Collar) – Established 22 June 1927.
  • Knights Grand Cross (Caballeros Gran Cruz) – Established 24 March 1815.
  • Knight First Class (Caballeros de Primera Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retitled Commander (Comdador) on 24 July 1815.
  • Officer (Oficial) – Established 10 October 1931, abolished 15 June 1938 and restored 5 June 1971.
  • Knight Second Class (Caballeros de Segunda Clase) – Established 24 March 1815, retiled Knight (Caballeros) on 24 July 1815.
  • Silver Cross (Cruz de Plata) – Established 16 March 1903 to reward civil and palace officials.
  • Gold Medal with Laureate (Medal de Oro pero Laureada) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to European sergeants and enlisted men. Subsequently abolished.
  • Gold Medal (Medal de Oro) – Established on 24 July 1815 for award to non-European 'natives'. Subsequently abolished.
  • Silver Medal (Medal de Plata) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.
  • Bronze Medal (Medal de Bronce) – Established 15 April 1907 to reward non-commissioned officers and junior civil officials.[4]

Women appointed to an applicable grade are not called Knights (Caballeros). Women are instead appointed as Dames of the Collar (Damas del Collar), Dames Grand Cross (Damas Gran Cruz) or Dame's Cross (Cruz de Damas).[3]

Order Decoration

The decoration is a red-enameled cross, with a golden frame. The outer peaks are fitted with small gold balls. The center of the medallion contains the inscription "A La Lealtad Acrisolada" (To Proven Loyalty) and "Por Isabel la Católica" (For Isabella the Catholic) on white enamel. Above the cross is a green enameled laurel wreath with the band ring.

The ribbon is yellow with a white central stripe,[5] except the "Collar" for which the wearing of the collar can be replaced by a gold-yellow sash with white stripes on the edges.

Collar Collar Grade Star Grand Cross Star Commander by Number Commander
Dame-Commander Bow
Officer's Cross Dame-Officer's Bow
Knight's Cross Dame Bow
Silver Cross Dame's Silver Cross Bow
Silver Medal Dame's Silver Medal Bow
Bronze Medal
Dame's Bronze Medal Bow

Notable members

References and links

  1. ^ Real y Americana Orden de Isabel la Católica
  2. ^ "premiar la lealtad acrisolada a España y los méritos de ciudadanos españoles y extranjeros en bien de la Nación y muy especialmente en aquellos servicios excepcionales prestados en favor de la prosperidad de los territorios americanos y ultramarinos"
  3. ^ a b 1998 Statutes of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  4. ^ Essay on the history of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.
  5. ^ Spain: Order of Isabella the Catholic
  6. ^ Liliuokalani. Hawaii's Story By Hawaii's Queen
  7. ^ Caleb Grain (2006) American Literary History 18 (4): pp. 659-94 The Courtship of Henry Wikoff
  8. ^ Foreman, J., 1906, The Philippine Islands, A Political, Geographical, Ethnographical, Social and Commercial History of the Philippine Archipelago, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons
  9. ^ Jan Szczepanik - "Polish Edison"
  10. ^
  11. ^ Fox-Davies, Arthur C. (1929). Armorial Families, Vol. 2, Seventh Ed., London: Hurst & Blackett, Ltd., p. 90.
  12. ^ 24 September 1970La Vanguardia
  13. ^
  14. ^ Concesión de motivo leí Día de la Victoria' Informacion Nacional. 1 April 1959. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  15. ^ 5 March 1976La Vanguardia
  16. ^ Imágenes
  17. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 5 April 1965
  18. ^ Fallece hispanista alemán Peter Bloch
  19. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 13 November 1969
  20. ^ Sadam Husein y la medalla de la que nunca se habló
  21. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 10 December 1974
  22. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  23. ^ Awards and Honours of Basma bint Talal
  24. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 9 May 1977
  25. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  26. ^ Baldomera: Las pequeñas estaturas, About the Author section.
  27. ^ El Colegio Nacional: Miembros
  28. ^ Joseph Pérez biography
  29. ^
  30. ^ The Varsitarian Website. UST Historian named Master of Theology 1 May 2012.
  31. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 December 1985
  32. ^ Dulce María Loynaz: Cronología
  33. ^ Biografía Alicia Alonso
  34. ^ Entrevista Exclusiva con Gustavo Cisneros: El Rey del Entretenimiento
  35. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 April 1995.
  36. ^ Los Romero Conciertos Daniel. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  37. ^ Queering the Popular Pitch. By Whiteley, Sheila and Rycenga, Jennifer.
  38. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 7 May 2004
  39. ^ Recibirá Soriano Orden Isabel la Católica de España
  40. ^ Referencia del Consejo de Ministros, 25 April 2007.
  41. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Traian).
  42. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007 (Maria).
  43. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado, 16 November 2007.
  44. ^ Condecoraciones embajada de Espana April 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  45. ^ Nacion, 28 November 2007
  46. ^
  47. ^ [1]
  48. ^ Boletín Oficial del Estado
  49. ^ a b c d Boletín Oficial del Estado, 1 August 2008.
  50. ^ a b c d Mexicanos reciben la Gran Cruz de Isabel La Católica
  51. ^ King of Spain to bestow Spanish knighthood on Lt. Governor Owen
  52. ^ Medalla para Fortuño, El Vocero de Puerto Rico
  53. ^
  54. ^
  55. ^ [2]
  • Condecoraciones: Las órdenes dependientes del Ministerio , Order rules and brief history from the Foreign Ministry of Spain.
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